9 research outputs found

    Vocational professional/technical updating needs of trade and industry/technical post-secondary educators

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    This research involves a study of professional growth and technical update perceptions of needs for trade and industry/technical instructors and administrators. The survey includes the following occupational areas: automotive/diesel, auto collision repair, electricity/electronics, construction/building trades, and manufacturing/machine trades instructors and their supervisors for a five state region of the midwest which includes Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, and Wisconsin. Participants rated their personal perceptions of present and desired staff development, evaluation, resources and incentives, and provider of services. Demographic data, age, race, and certification, together with questions of curriculum revision, workshop participation, cost for technical updating are presented;Twenty-four hypotheses were tested at the.05 level. Ten revealed significant difference and are listed by state, occupational area, and position. There is significant difference: (1) among selected states representing the future instructional in-service training needs of instructors in the areas of staff development, resources and incentives, and provider of services. (2) among selected trade occupational areas with respect to the current instructional training needs being met by existing programs in the area of staff development and evaluation. There also appears to be significant difference when soliciting response to desired provider of service. (3) between administrators and instructors with respect to instructional training needs currently being met by existing programs in the area of present staff development, evaluation, and resources and incentives. Desired staff development also reveals significant difference;The category that would yield the most benefit at a local level would be position. The most impact to resolve the difference should be placed on present perceptions of staff development, evaluation, and resources and incentives

    Asahi Shimbun and The New York Times: Framing Pearl Harbor and the 9/11 Attacks

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    The researcher analyzed visual frames in the photo coverage in the New York Times and the Japanese newspaper, Asahi Shimbun, following the Pearl Harbor attack in 1941 and the 9/11 attacks in 2001. In 1941-1942, although the humanization set of frames was the dominant frame in the New York Times, the set of military frames was dominant in Asahi Shimbun. The New York Times emphasized American civilians as well as the American and U.S. allied soldiers\u27 involvement in the war. In contrast, photos in Asahi Shimbun portrayed the patriotism of the Japanese military and the international human dimension in Asia. Its photo coverage emphasized victories by the Japanese military. In both publications in 2001, the violence of terrorism set of frames, which focused on the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks and the victims, was the dominant frame

    Efeito da aplicação de selante e da armazenagem sobre a deformação permanente de um condicionador de tecidos

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    A utiliza√ß√£o de condicionadores teciduais proporciona conforto e reduz o atrito e transmiss√£o de cargas ao rebordo residual. O objetivo desse trabalho foi avaliar o efeito da aplica√ß√£o de selante e do tempo de armazenagem (envelhecimento) sobre a deforma√ß√£o permanente de um condicionador tecidual (Coe Comfort¬ģ). Foram confeccionados 60 corpos de prova, separados em 6 grupos: G1: sem selante, 1 hora de armazenagem; G2: com selante, 1 hora de armazenagem; G3: sem selante, 1 semana de armazenagem; G4: com selante, 1 semana de armazenagem; G5: sem selante, 2 semanas de armazenagem; G6: com selante, 2 semanas de armazenagem. Para a confec√ß√£o dos corpos de prova, foram utilizadas matrizes met√°licas cil√≠ndricas (13X19mm) inclu√≠das em mufla, cujo molde impresso no silicone foi preenchido com condicionador tecidual. O ensaio foi realizado em aparelho mec√Ęnico descrito na especifica√ß√£o no 18 da A.D.A.. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos √† An√°lise de Vari√Ęncia e ao teste de Tukey (p<5%). Observou-se que, independente da aplica√ß√£o ou n√£o de selante, apenas o grupo armazenado por 1 semana apresentou diferen√ßa estat√≠stica significante, com valores mais elevados para o grupo tratado com selante. A aplica√ß√£o de selante reduziu a deforma√ß√£o permanente do material avaliado ap√≥s 2 semanas de armazenagem, sem diferen√ßa estat√≠stica significante. Conclui-se, a partir dos resultados obtidos, que o condicionador de tecido avaliado possui longevidade de no m√°ximo 1 semana, sendo necess√°ria a substitui√ß√£o do condicionador ap√≥s este per√≠odo. A aplica√ß√£o de selante n√£o reduziu os valores de deforma√ß√£o permanente para o condicionador de tecidos avaliado

    The Evolution of Payload Data Capabilities on the Commercial Visiting Vehicles that Service the International Space Station

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    The visiting vehicles designed by U.S.-based commercial companies to deliver cargo and crew to the International Space Station (ISS) can transfer science payloads to the ISS in an active, powered state. To provide payload developers with situational awareness during transit, NASA is working with current and future visiting vehicles to offer a variety of payload monitoring and control capabilities. This presentation will offer discussion of the following topics: How NASA requirements for the data services available to ISS payloads on the visiting vehicles have expanded over time; The challenges that have been faced in establishing these services

    Early life events and motor development: A longitudinal study

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    Longitudinal studies are important to fully understand the processes of neurological development during gestation and how risk factors present during this time impact motor development outcomes, yet few to date have focused on this critical time period. The purpose of this study was to identify modifiable risk factors influencing motor development during the prenatal period. Of particular interest was finding out whether these risk factors differed between the sexes. Participants (N=2900) were from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study. The Raine Study began in May 1989 and women were recruited between 16-20 weeks gestation (m = 18 weeks) from the main obstetric hospital in Western Australia (W.A.), King Edward Memorial Hospital. Approximately 100 participants per month were recruited, with the process completed during November 1991. The women were primarily Caucasian, from European descent (88.2%), and included mothers who identified as Aboriginal (2.4%), Chinese (4.4%), Indian (2.6%), Polynesian (0.9%) and Vietnamese (0.3%). Recruitment criteria included adequate English language skills for the understanding of the study process and a desire to reside in W.A. to facilitate future follow up. There were 2868 live births and extensive obstetric, antenatal and sociodemographic data were recorded. Maternal and child health data were collected in a series of data collection phases at ages 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 10, 14, 17, and 21 years. Motor coordination was measured at 10 (n = 1622), 14 (n = 1584) and 17 (n = 1221) years using the McCarron Assessment of Neuromuscular Development (MAND) (McCarron, 1997). The Neuromuscular Development Index (NDI) of the MAND was used as a continuous outcome measure. Potential risk factors for a poorer motor outcome, including maternal smoking, alcohol and drug consumption, maternal age, parental handedness, maternal health (illness and infection), delivery mode, gestational hypertensive status, stress, socioeconomic status, percentage of optimal birth weight (a measure of whether growth potential has been met), child’s sex, gestational age, parity and breastfeeding were examined. Cross sectional analyses comprising chi-square tests, t-tests and univariate ANOVA models (general linear model - GLM) with Bonferroni post hoc correction were used to identify variables that contributed to motor development outcomes. The effect of these variables on motor development were further examined using linear mixed models accounting for the unbalanced nature of longitudinal data with repeated measures. A series of studies were conducted to analyse the impact of these factors on long term motor development outcomes. The first study found that maternal hypertensive disease, in particular preeclampsia, had negative long term effects on motor development outcomes. The second study examined the number, timing and type of stressful events mothers experienced during pregnancy. A significant relationship between number of stressful events and motor development outcomes was revealed, suggesting increased stress led to suboptimal neurological development. Stress later in pregnancy was found to have a greater effect than earlier stress. The impact of breastfeeding duration was investigated in the third study and a protective effect was found for those who were breastfed for six months or longer compared to those who were breastfed for less than six months. When males and females were examined separately in the fourth study there were some differences in the type of factors that affected motor development outcomes. Maternal preeclampsia, mode of delivery and income affected both male and female motor outcomes. Lower percentage of optimal birth weight was related to a lower male NDI. Younger maternal age, smoking during early pregnancy and stress during later pregnancy were related to lower NDI in females. Other factors considered in the analyses, including lower family income, male sex, maternal alcohol consumption, smoking and caesarean section delivery were also found to negatively impact motor development outcomes. This information can be utilized to help identify potentially at risk infants and ensure optimal future neurological development. Early detection and intervention strategies may help to increase motor development outcomes in those who are exposed to the identified risks

    A mixed methods exploration of the lived experience of pre-addiction and long-term recovery

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    Addiction is a complex issue within society. On-line gambling, gaming, internet and phone addiction have been cited in the media in recent years alongside addictions to drugs, alcohol and eating disorders. Although these phenomena are all addressed and treated separately, they are referred to under the same heading of addictions. Further, there is still no way to determine who might become an addict, or how best to help people with addiction problems to recover. This thesis will look at how addicts view their addiction and recovery from their current perspective. It aims to answer the following questions: 1) Is it possible to identify commonalities across differing addictions in the area of affect (feeling, thought, belief) regardless of addiction or gender? 2) Although addictions are studied separately, is there evidence of addictions being either concurrent or consecutive for an individual? 3)Does life improve with length of time in recovery? 4) How might findings from these studies be used to help progress the field of study for addiction? For these questions to be answered a mixed method approach was used. Study 1 used thematic analysis on existing secondary data sources. The data sources selected were the main reference books from Overeaters Anonymous (OA), Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA), The data was selected from sections of these books which contain essays from individuals in recovery recounting their addiction and recovery journey. For study 2 a quantitative approach was selected using online questionnaires asking participants to recall their lives prior to or at the beginning of their addiction and their lives today in recovery. Participants were required to be in recovery from one or more addiction(s) and be a minimum of 18 years old. The research showed that there are large areas of overlap of affect between addictions, regardless of addiction or gender, that multiple addictions are common for an individual and that life experience does improve with time in different domains, reducing in later life in line with general population norms

    Primary sarcomas of the spine: population-based demographic and survival data in 107 spinal sarcomas over a 23-year period in Ontario, Canada

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    BACKGROUND CONTEXT Spinal sarcomas are a rare, heterogeneous group of mesenchymal tumors. Current literature reporting demographic variables and survival information is limited to small case series, and a single registry with variable treatment modalities and time periods. PURPOSE We report on population-level data regarding all spinal sarcomas diagnosed over a 23-year period in Ontario, Canada, for the purposes of calculating incidence and prevalence of these tumors. Secondarily, survival is assessed by tumor type as well as adjuvant therapies during this time period. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective Cohort Study PATIENT SAMPLE: Population-based data from the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES) between 1993 and 2015. OUTCOME MEASURES Outcome measures include incidence and prevalence of spinal osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, and chondrosarcoma of the spine, as well as 2-, 5-, 10- and 15-year survival and prevalence of adjuvant therapies. METHODS Utilizing population-based data from the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES) between 1993 and 2015, ICD codes were searched and available data extracted for the purposes of reporting basic demographic information and calculation of Kaplan Meyer survival curves. Databases include the Ontario Cancer Registry, Discharge Abstract Database, Ontario Health Insurance Plan, National Ambulatory Care Reporting System, Registered Persons DataBase (death) were analyzed. RESULTS One hundred and seven spinal sarcomas were identified, with a mean incidence was 0.38 sarcomas per million population per year, that was stable over time. The mean prevalence was 8.1 sarcomas per million population. The most common diagnosis was Ewing's sarcoma (48 [44.9%] patients), followed by chondrosarcoma (33 [30.8%] patients), and osteosarcoma (26 [24.3%] patients). Chondrosarcoma had the highest survival rates with 77.2% and 64.2% 5- and 10-year survival rates, respectively, followed by Ewing's sarcoma with 48.1% and 44.9% 5 and 10-year survival and osteosarcoma with 36.0% and 30.9% 5- and 10-year survival. CONCLUSIONS Spinal sarcoma is a rare disease with variable survival depending on the histologic diagnosis. This population-level study involves a heterogeneous group of patients with variable stages of disease at presentation and variable treatments. Our data fit with the published literature for survival for those treated conservatively and surgically. Our data show considerable improvement in 5- and 10-year mortality when compared with previous population level studies on earlier patient cohorts, likely reflecting improvements in systemic and surgical treatments