3,613 research outputs found

    The Affordable Care Act and Addiction Treatment: Preparing the Undergraduate Human Services Professional

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    The steady growth of the substance abuse and addiction field in addition to the passing of the Affordable Care Act (ACT) increases the need for competent and credentialed substance abuse professionals. As generalists in the helping field, human services professionals would benefit from education and sufficient credentialing in substance abuse and addiction treatment. The authors of this article suggest that substance abuse and addiction education be considered for inclusion at the accreditation level for human services programs. Furthermore, a discussion of the Alcohol and Drug Counselor (ADC) international credential and its benefits and implications for human services professionals will be presented

    Understanding the Impact of Substance Abuse on Occupation Using the Lifestyle History Questionnaire

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    Background: Substance abuse and addiction have become serious societal problems resulting in a myriad of health, personal and relational issues (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2014). Gutman (2006) reported that an individual involved in substance abuse and addiction may experience difficulty with purposeful time management and may neglect major life roles. The focus of this Capstone Project was to identify the occupational dysfunction experienced by individuals prior to participating in residential recovery programming. Purpose: The purpose of this Capstone Project was to identify occupational dysfunction associated with substance abuse and addiction using the Lifestyle History Questionnaire (Martin et al., 2015). The project aimed to understand occupational dysfunction among individuals abusing substances, as well as to identify differences in occupational functioning in regard to age and gender among individuals with substance abuse and addiction disorders. The study also aimed to suggest that occupational therapy is a necessary discipline in treating individuals in recovery from substance abuse, and to subsequently suggest essential content for occupational therapists in regard to evaluation and intervention planning for individuals in recovery for substance abuse disorders. Theoretical Framework: The study was conducted using the theoretical framework of the Person - Environment – Occupation (PEO) model (Law et al., 1996). PEO is focused on the relationship and influence of the individual, the environment, and the occupation. Methods: Ninety-two participants (47 females and 45 males) were recruited for participation in this study from three residential substance abuse rehabilitation centers in a selected Midwestern city to complete the Lifestyle History Questionnaire (LHQ) (Martin et al., 2015). The participants were asked to reflect on their occupational engagement and experiences with substance use prior to participating in residential recovery using a Likert scale. Results: Analysis of quantitative data identified that across the LHQ’s seven domains, Occupational Disruption, Dominating Habits and Routines, Social Context, Family Disapprobation, Residual Strengths and Self-Medicating/Sleep were frequently correlated with each individual’s substance use, while the Physical Context was rarely seen as a correlate among the 92 participants. Among participants, male and female respondents did not report differences in occupational functioning across the seven domains during substance use. Individuals that reported alcohol as their main substance of abuse were older (38 years) than individuals recovering from prescription, non-prescription and poly-substances (ranging from 30-32). Conclusions: Data analysis indicated that substance abuse negatively impacts occupational functioning, indicating that occupational therapy can be a valuable therapy in treating individuals in recovery from substance abuse and addiction. The Lifestyle History Questionnaire can be a useful tool in identifying occupational dysfunction, directing occupational therapists to provide client centered and holistic treatment to individuals in substance abuse and addiction recovery

    CAS 242.01C: Fundamentals of Substance Abuse and Addiction

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    CAS 242.50: Fundamentals of Substance Abuse and Addiction

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    Realising the technological promise of smartphones in addiction research and treatment: An ethical review

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    Background Smartphone technologies and mHealth applications (or apps) promise unprecedented scope for data collection, treatment intervention, and relapse prevention when used in the field of substance abuse and addiction. This potential also raises new ethical challenges that researchers, clinicians, and software developers must address. Aims This paper aims to identify ethical issues in the current uses of smartphones in addiction research and treatment. Methods A search of three databases (PubMed, Web of Science and PsycInfo) identified 33 studies involving smartphones or mHealth applications for use in the research and treatment of substance abuse and addiction. A content analysis was conducted to identify how smartphones are being used in these fields and to highlight the ethical issues raised by these studies. Results Smartphones are being used to collect large amounts of sensitive information, including personal information, geo-location, physiological activity, self-reports of mood and cravings, and the consumption of illicit drugs, alcohol and nicotine. Given that detailed information is being collected about potentially illegal behaviour, we identified the following ethical considerations: protecting user privacy, maximising equity in access, ensuring informed consent, providing participants with adequate clinical resources, communicating clinically relevant results to individuals, and the urgent need to demonstrate evidence of safety and efficacy of the technologies. Conclusions mHealth technology offers the possibility to collect large amounts of valuable personal information that may enhance research and treatment of substance abuse and addiction. To realise this potential researchers, clinicians and app-developers must address these ethical concerns to maximise the benefits and minimise risks of harm to users

    Social Support Groups Focused on Substance Abuse and Addiction Available to Patients in Franklin County, Vermont

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    Substance abuse/addiction, especially of opioids, is a major problem in Franklin County, where resources are not easily accessible to patients struggling/in recovery. Educating patients about the availability of peer support groups/recovery centers and clinics in the community may provide an attractive resource for patients who need additional help.https://scholarworks.uvm.edu/fmclerk/1553/thumbnail.jp

    Guidelines for Organizing Art Exhibitions on Addiction and Recovery

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    Outlines the Innovators Combating Substance Abuse program's model for exhibiting art by those in addiction recovery as a way to offer insight into substance abuse and recovery. With lessons learned and submissions, selection, and installation guidelines

    Opioid Facts for Youth

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    This fact sheet explains what opioids are, lists street names, and reviews the risks of using or misusing opioids. It reviews reasons why youth may abuse opioids. Ways youth can help and support peers are included as well as resources to get educated and find treatment for substance abuse and addiction. Several poster-styled and social media-compatible posters are included as an additional file that youth can share with other youth to spread the message and encourage safety

    Technologies for Understanding and Preventing Substance Abuse and Addiction

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    This report has four parts. The first part focuses on several factors that are necessary for substance abuse and addiction to occur, including an examination of the biological research regarding the phenomenon of addiction to a variety of substances. The second part describes individual risk and protective factors that contribute to the abuse of, and addiction to, alcohol and drugs. The third part, looks at how risk and protective factors play out in subcultures and in major activity settings (home, school, workplace, and recreation), and assesses the effectiveness of various substance abuse prevention initiatives. The fourth section, addresses a range of legislative issues and options for Congress arising from an understanding of the factors leading to substance abuse and addiction

    The Evaluation of Risk of Substance Abuse Among The Youth through Bayesian Classification

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    In recent years, the rising use of addictive drugs and substances has become one of the biggest social problems around the world. The illicit use of a variety of drugs appears to be increasing among elementary and high schools students in Turkey. Therefore, it can be said that there is a big rising risk for the youth: substance abuse and addiction. There are many reasons leading students to be an addicted user. At first an adolescent cannot see the bad sides and realize the harmful effects of the substances. After being a drug abuser, this person struggles with the addiction and his/her life gets worse. Scientific studies show that it becomes very difficult for aperson to get rid of this habit after being a user. Hence, preventing students from being addicted becomes an important issue. The aim of this study is to determine a young person's probability of becoming a drug user in the future by means of Bayesian classification algorithm. The study is focused on informing the educators and families about the students who entertain high risk, and taking precautions and counter measures before it is too late. As data collection method, a questionnaire is asked the elementary and high school students in Buyukcekmece district of Istanbul and to the patients of substance abuse and addiction in the hospitals. The data collected from the questionnaires are used to indicate the percentage of risk probability for each student with the aid of Bayesian classification algorithm
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