1,159 research outputs found

    An example from Flanders on how to inform and support parents in media education

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    Sofie Vandoninck, Marije Nouwen and Bieke Zaman investigate parents’ and children’s experiences, attitudes and feelings about digital media, as well as how families deal with the current challenges they are facing. They were involved in the development of content for MediaNest, an online platform for parents recently launched by Mediawijs, the Flemish Knowledge Centre for Media Literacy. Sofie and Marije are researchers at the Meaningful Interactions Lab (Mintlab) and Bieke Zaman is Professor in Human-computer Interaction and Digital Humanities at the Faculty of Social Sciences. All three are based at KU Leuven

    Benefit-retirement age schedules and redistribution in public pension systems

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    The dependence of benefits on the retirement age (the schedule) is an important feature in any public pension system. The nonfinancial defined contribution (NDC) pension system has recently become popular mainly because of its alleged actuarial fairness. Using the framework of mechanism design with adverse selection, these systems have theoretically been criticized because they neglect the resulting regressive intracohort redistribution: longer-lived workers retire later and are rewarded as if their life expectancies were average. We document such adverse selection on Hungarian data. The resulting redistribution can be diminished blit not eliminated. Giving up the framework of mechanism design, we corroborate our earlier qualitative findings in a more realistic framework. © 2015, Faculty of Social Sciences. All rights reserved

    France:: Social science education in France – A fragmented educational landscape in transition

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    Purpose: After a short historical presentation, this country report highlights current developments of social science education in France and clarifies its general status in the French school system, giving not only information about the curricula baselines, but also on current reforms, shifts and conflict lines among practitioners and researchers. Design/methodology/approach: This article is based on a synopsis of both official documents and evaluation reports published by the French Ministry of Education and other public organs and scientific data such as empirical case studies. Findings: Social sciences education falls under broad purposes such as educating citizens and preparing the future workforce. History, geography and civics are more established and taught to more students than other more recent subjects like Sciences Ă©conomiques et sociales (Economic and social sciences), all of those subjects raising broader research questions

    Liquidity networks in banking

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    © 2017, Faculty of Social Sciences. All rights reserved. Modern financial and banking systems are very much interconnected. In a setting where banks are prone to liquidity risk due to early withdrawals by depositors, this paper analyzes the optimal liquidity network relationship that banks will settle. The paper interprets the network relationship as the exchange of ’committed credit lines’ contracts between the banks. The paper shows that the given liquidity network of Allen and Gale (2000) is one of the optimal solutions that may occur and a risk-based pricing takes place in the interbank market. Banks dispose of their liquidity risk and reduce the total required cash holdings of the banking system to cover early withdrawals by means of this relationship. Additionally, the paper considers the case where liquidity shocks of banks become imperfectly negatively correlated. The network relationship between banks under imperfectly negatively correlated shocks is even robust to the extreme case, in which there is no reduction in the total required cash holdings of banks

    Learning Experience Designs (LEDs) in an age of complexity: time to replace the lightbulb?

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    This paper describes reflective practice research of the action taken to address commonplace teaching issues faced in the higher education classroom. Covering a substantial number of years three very different student learning experiences were ultimately created, each requiring the students to interact with self, knowledge, and others in fundamentally different ways. The first learning experience, termed informational learning, focuses on knowledge acquisition, confidence building, social interaction and the development of the student sense of belonging. The second learning experience, termed relational learning, applies spatial and embodied cognition to develop metacognitive skills. The final learning experience, termed transformational learning, emphasises personal transformation brought about by dissonance work at the emotion laden ‘edge’. Together the three phases highlight how practitioner Action Research can generate Living Theory through the understanding of the complex, multi-disciplinary ecology of the practice-theory dynamic. The paper challenges simplistic notions of teaching, highlighting how the natural, human, and social sciences all contribute to the holistic understanding of the design of learning experiences. The findings have potential for wider application for module and curricula designs

    Effective internal audit service organisation in health clinics

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    © 2014, Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. All right reserved. Timeliness of this article lies in consideration of internal audit issues in terms of its concentration on medical institutions. We have proposed methods of internal audit service organisation in health clinics and procedure of performance evaluation of this service

    Cross-Cultural Psychology and the Rise of Academic Capitalism : Linguistic Changes in CCR and JCCP Articles, 1970-2014

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    Recently, several studies have investigated developments in academic language over the last four decades: An analysis of a large number of PubMed abstracts by Vinkers, Tijdink, and Otte showed a dramatic rise in use of positive words such as “innovative,” “robust,” “novel,” and “unprecedented.” In the field of psychology, Pritschet, Powell, and Horne found an increase in mentions of marginally significant statistical findings, and social psychologist Michael Billig raised concerns about a surge of technical jargon in the social sciences. All these phenomena are believed to be a consequence of higher publication pressure and the need to become visible as a researcher in an increasingly competitive climate that is often referred to as academic capitalism. In our study, we tested the aforementioned indicators of linguistic change for a sample of 1,680 research articles from the Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology (JCCP) and 657 research articles from Cross-Cultural Research (CCR), published between 1970 and 2014. Overall, we found a consistent increase in positive framing, a rise in reports of marginally significant statistical findings, and indicators for growth in technical jargon. These findings suggest that self-marketing strategies are also on the rise in cross-cultural psychology.Peer reviewe

    Undergraduate Placement Activity at Northumbria

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    This paper presents data from a Northumbria University Enterprise and Employability funded project, which sought the extent and nature of undergraduate placement activity at Northumbria in the 2002/2003 academic year. Data was collected through a questionnaire that was distributed via email to key contacts at the University. Data was then entered into a database that will be accessible via the University server to allow periodic updating and for practitioner information

    The Tenth Article of Ettore Majorana

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    This year is the centenary of the birth of Ettore Majorana, one of the major Italian physicists of all times. In this note we briefly sketch a few biographical details about Ettore Majorana and introduce and discuss the main points of Majorana's 10th article. In his article Majorana explicitly considers quantum mechanics as an irreducible statistical theory because the theory is not able to describe the time evolution of a single particle or atom in a precise environment at a deterministic level. This lack of determinism at the level of an elementary physical system motivated him to suggest a formal analogy between statistical laws observed in physics and in the social sciences. We hope the occasion of the centenary of the birth of Ettore Majorana will be useful to remember and to reconsider not only his exceptional achievements in theoretical physics but also his fresh and original views on the role of statistical laws in physics and in other disciplines such as the social sciences.Comment: 3 pages, to appear in Europhysics News 37/4 July/August 200

    FOOD SAFETY AND HYGIENE PRACTICE OF STREET FOOD VENDORS IN FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE, ABEOKUTA

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    Street food has been implicated in adverse health outcomes among consumers. The safety of food and hygiene practice of street food vendors are major contributing factor to these health outcomes. This study was carried out to assess food safety and hygiene practice of street food vendors in Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta. A descriptive cross-sectional study design was adopted. A validated interviewer-administered structured questionnaire adapted from Nutrition related knowledge, attitude and practice questionnaire was used to obtain information from 50 respondents. Information obtained are: personal and socio-economic characteristics, food safety, personal hygiene, food hygiene and sanitary, water sanitation and environmental sanitation practices.  Chi-square test was used to determine association among variables at p<0.05 using statistical package for social sciences. All the respondents were females, 68% were within 30-49 years, about half 52% were literate and earned between N10,001– N20,000 daily. Majority (62%) of the respondents used brick as vending site while 92% were stationary vendors. Majority of the respondents had adequate food safety, personal hygiene, food hygiene and sanitary practices but moderate water and environmental sanitation practices. Daily income of respondents had significant association (p<0.05) with environmental and water sanitation practices. Type of vending site had significant (p<0.05) association with food safety and environmental sanitation practices.  Respondents had adequate food safety and hygiene practices in this study and this may have positive impact on the safety of the food they are vending.   &nbsp
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