85 research outputs found

    A Survey of Occupational Therapy Services Provided for Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder

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    Background: We examined the services provided to adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by occupational therapists across the United States. Method: This cross-sectional study used an online survey, with a combination of structured and open-ended questions, to collect data from a nonprobability sample. Descriptive, inferential, and nonparametric statistics were used to analyze data. Results: In our sample (N= 57), the majority of the participants spent less than half of their workweek intervening with the adult ASD population. Caregivers were instrumental in both referral and discharge, and Medicaid was the most common payer source. The Adult Sensory Profile was used by more than half of the participants and sensory integration was the most influential model underlying practice (77%). The participants advised new occupational therapists to pursue high quality continuing education courses and formal mentorship from senior colleagues. Conclusion: This study suggests that working with adults with ASD remains a niche area of practice. Further research is needed to examine the pathways to receiving occupational therapy for the adult ASD population

    A role in world affairs at M.U.

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    Law enforcement agencies from all sectors, including local, state, and federal agencies, are experiencing a dramatic decrease in staffing. Concurrently, recruitment of new officers has also significantly declined. As law enforcement staffing decreases, agencies struggle to meet the needs of the populations they serve. Reduced staffing also impacts law enforcement’s ability to conduct front-line and collaborative homeland security functions. This thesis examines how changes to law enforcement retirement systems impact the recruiting and retention of officers. This thesis utilizes existing academic literature from varied disciplines to examine the impact that changes in benefits will have on law enforcement staffing and the ability of law enforcement as a sector to participate in homeland security activities. The intent of this thesis is to predict the success or failure of benefits reforms as they relate to recruitment and retention of staff in law enforcement careers.Civilian, Massachusetts State PoliceApproved for public release. Distribution is unlimited

    Gila River Flow Needs Assessment

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    The Nature Conservancy and a team of 14 academic partners (the project team) received funding from the Bureau of Reclamation’s WaterSMART program and the Desert Landscape Conservation Cooperative in 2012 to conduct this Gila River Flow Needs Assessment. The assessment describes the existing condition of the Gila River in the Cliff-Gila Valley and examines the potential impacts of CUFA diversion and climate change on the riparian and aquatic ecosystem. The project team was assisted by 35 academic, agency and consulting scientists who have expertise in some aspect of the Gila River’s hydrology and ecology. This larger team of scientists provided input on a review draft of this assessment at a workshop in January 2014. This assessment report includes 12 chapters written by project team scientists. Two chapters summarize workshop findings, including input of the larger team of scientists on how flows shape the ecosystem and how these interactions may be affected by flow alterations due to CUFA diversion and climate change

    Preventing and improving interactions between autistic individuals and the criminal justice system: A roadmap for research

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    Researchers have identified that autistic individuals are encountering the criminal justice system as victims, offenders, and witnesses at high rates. The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is increasing and generating a comprehensive approach to addressing criminal justice system involvement among autistic individuals is a timely and urgent need. Revisions to an established framework generated for use among individuals with mental health diagnoses, the sequential Intercept Model (SIM), were produced by an international consortium of interdisciplinary stakeholders presenting a new opportunity to identify gaps in ASD research and generate preventive solutions across the criminal justice system. The revised SIM maps each criminal justice system component, or Intercept, and includes paths for the experiences of autistic individuals as victims or witnesses to crimes as well as offenders to catalyze new and interdisciplinary research, policy, and practice efforts. As the field of ASD research continues to grow, the revised SIM is a promising pathway to avoiding siloed research approaches, including diverse autistic voices, and contributing to international dialogue about criminal justice reform at a critical juncture. LAY SUMMARY: Autistic individuals are encountering the criminal justice system as victims, offenders, and witnesses at high rates. A revised version of the SIM generated by an international consortium provides a cohesive framework to ensure research focused on this topic extends across the criminal justice system. Preventing and improving interactions between autistic individuals and the criminal justice system is an urgent research, policy, and practice need

    Biosecurity Council of Western Australia annual report 2017/18

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    In 2017/18 financial year, there were two key areas in which the Council focused during the year including, environmental biosecurity; and the attributes required by a biosecurity ‘combat’ agency to effectively sustain a biosecurity response. In addition, planning began for two new areas of advice to Government – biosecurity research and development; and border biosecurityhttps://researchlibrary.agric.wa.gov.au/ar_bcwa/1001/thumbnail.jp

    Autism in the Classroom: Educational Issues across the Lifespan

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    This chapter reviews educational strategies and legal policies impacting effective schooling for children, youth, and young adults. Emphasis is on the classroom manifestation of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and how general education teachers can effectively facilitate learning. Within early school years, the importance of positive student-teacher relationships (STRs) in the face of challenging behaviors is discussed, including ways to build positive STRs. In middle and high school, social relationships serve as protective factors against mental health problems (e.g., depression, anxiety). Literature on this topic, including issues related to bullying, is presented. In postsecondary settings, young adults with ASD continue to have poor outcomes (e.g. loneliness, unemployment); strategies for helping adolescents transition to adulthood is discussed. While there are many other aspects to educational program appropriate for individuals with ASD (e.g., curriculum content), this chapter highlights recent issues that may be informative to a wide audience—school teachers and staff, researchers, and parents
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