289,942 research outputs found

    Driving online shopping: Spending and behavioral differences among women in Saudi Arabia

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    This study proposes a revised technology acceptance model that integrates expectation confirmation theory to measure gender differences with regard to continuance online shopping intentions in Saudi Arabia. The sample consists of 650 female respondents. A structural equation model confirms model fit. Perceived enjoyment, usefulness, and subjective norms are determinants of online shopping continuance in Saudi Arabia. High and low online spenders among women in Saudi Arabia are equivalent. The structural weights are also largely equivalent, but the regression paths from perceived site quality to perceived usefulness is not invariant between high and low e-shoppers in Saudi Arabia. This research moves beyond online shopping intentions and includes factors affecting online shopping continuance. The research model explains 60% of the female respondents’ intention to continue shopping online. Online strategies cannot ignore either the direct and indirect spending differences on continuance intentions, and the model can be generalized across Saudi Arabia

    China’s Trade Relations with Saudi Arabia: Performance and Prospects

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    From the past era, China and Saudi Arabia have entered into the trade relationship. Trade is at the heart of the growing links between China and Saudi Arabia, which centre on the crude oil and petrochemical industries.  The significance of a strong relationship between China and Saudi Arabia is founded on energy but also extending to other commodities. China, a communist state with the world’s largest population and Saudi Arabia, a monarchy whose constitutions is the Islamic Shari’ a. Time period is taken from 2001 to 2010. Liberalization process has lead to significant increase in quantity of China-Saudi Arabia trade. Both countries play dominant role in their own regions. China is a major country in the East Asia while Saudi Arabia plays a dominant role in Gulf region. Saudi Arabia plays a major role in exporting petroleum in the World while China is the second largest destination for Saudi oil. The fact that China imports oil from Saudi Arabia is the core issue of the China-Saudi Arabia trade structure. In addition, China also imports energy and raw materials including natural gas, plastic and steel products from Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia’s imports from China are garments, textiles, and mechanical and electrical products. The trade volume between Saudi Arabia and China grow up many times. Now a day’s Saudi Arabia remain China’s top trade partner in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, for eleven consecutive years. The bilateral trade has achieved a steady growth since the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Saudi Arabia. Two-way trade between China and Saudi Arabia promotes the cooperation and coordination. China is the second largest economy in the world while Saudi Arabian economy is the world largest exporter. The trade relationship has resulted in strong ties for both economies. Keywords: crude oil, East Asia, Gulf region, MENA, China, Saudi Arabia, Trad