11,641 research outputs found

    Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Challenges in Latin America for the Next Decade

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    A decade after a 1999 World Bank-sponsored meeting of Latin American water and sanitation experts, there has been progress in rural sanitation in that region. Nonetheless, the Millennium Development Goals for improved sanitation services may be out of reach. Looking toward the next ten years, important challenges for rural water and sanitation will include: ensuring long-term sustainability of sanitation services and monitoring systems, improving the contribution of municipal government, and establishing appropriate legal and financial policies

    A Tale of Clean Cities: Insights for Planning Urban Sanitation from Ghana, India and the Philippines

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    A Tale of Clean Cities is a research project commissioned by WaterAid to Partnerships in Practice, to learn from the experience of cities in developing countries that are making good progress in planning and providing city-wide sanitation services. San Fernando in the Philippines, Visakhapatnam in India, and Kumasi in Ghana were studied

    Strengthening pro-poor targeting of investments by African utilities in urban water and sanitation - the role of the International Development Association of the World Bank: Case studies from Ghana, Burkina Faso and Tanzania

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    This report for WaterAid presents findings from research into the impact of selected IDA-funded projects on water supply and sanitation services in urban areas of sub-Saharan Africa, with particular emphasis on the impact on poor areas and households

    The improvement of the sanitation services in Moshi (Tanzania)

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    Tanzania has created, since the mid-90s, an original institutional framework for water and sanitation management made of a mix of decentralized initiative and public control. This article presents this framework and its functioning on sanitation issues in the town of Moshi, a medium-sized town located on the south slopes of the Kilimanjaro Mountain. Findings are coming from a pluridisciplinary franco-tanzanian research program dedicated to these issues in 2002 and 2003. The objective of this work was to identify - through a regulation analysis of the sector and an analysis of households' needs and demand - the stakeholders of the sector and to study their behaviours and their interactions. Using the output of this program first trends of policies were elaborated during a workshop held in November 2003 with all the main stakeholders who could exchange their different perceptions of the problems and their ideas to solve them.Sanitation, public policy, willingness to pay, demand, household survey

    Privatization of Water and Sanitation Services in Kenya: Challenges and Prospects

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    Public sector utilities in developing countries have often not been efficient in providing access to reliable water and sanitation services. Worldwide, over 1 billion people lack access to improved water sources and 2.6 billion lack access to appropriate sanitation.1 Countries across the world are increasingly looking to the private sector for help in providing needed water services. Towards this end, privatization of water and sanitation services is viewed to be a cost effectivemethod of service delivery that also enhances quality and performance. This paper seeks to highlight general knowledge, attitudes and practices of privatization of the service providers in the water and sanitation sector. It also underlines current challenges in the management of privatization of water and sanitation services in Kenya on the part of service providers, but also consumers. The mostcommon challenges include inequity in the quality of service based on the ability to pay, service cut-offs, weak regulatory oversight and lack of accountability to local consumer needs. This paper shows that there is, however, consensus among water and sanitation service providers that privatization is likely to improve efficiency in water and sanitation services only if a collaborative effort is embraced in tackling public sector reform in Kenya. The paper also provides recommendationstowards achieving privatization of water and sanitation services

    Output-based Aid for Sustainable Sanitation

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    A review of the experience to date in applying output-based and other results-oriented financing aid formats to the delivery of sanitation services and goods in developing countries. The paper looks at the theoretical underpinnings which justify output-based subsidies in sanitation, reviews a selection of output-based aid projects and then proposes some new approaches which could help to make financing in sanitation more effective and accountable

    Satisfaction of Sanitation Services in Uttar Pradesh with Special Reference to Gorakhpur District of Uttar Pradesh, India

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    Sanitation is one of the most important aspect for an individuals and also good for the healthy life, and protection from the various diseases. To achieved the complete cleanness in the country, the central and state governments are jointly operating the sanitation related services in the state. This study is an attempt to assess the satisfaction level from the sanitation services in Gorakhpur district of Uttar Pradesh. For this purpose, 285 sample have been selected randomly in both rural (165) and urban (120) habitants of the district. The satisfaction of sanitation services has been measured with respect to three variables that are gender, habitat, and community. For the analysis of data, a descriptive statistics techniques such as Mean, Standard Deviation and ANOVA, have been used. After careful analysis of data, one can find out that the female population (Grand Mean = 8.0446) are less satisfied with sanitation service as compared to male population (Grand Mean = 9.2656). It is also revealed from the data analysis that urban population (Grand Mean = 11.8500) are satisfied with sanitation services as compared to rural population (Grand Mean = 6.2242) of the district. Therefore, the findings of the study advises that a suitable mechanism must be require or available ones need to more straighten to monitored on the sanitation services in rural areas of the district and for better sanitation services government should encourage a women’s self-help group to participate in it

    Strengthening local governance arrangements for sanitation: case studies of small cities in Indonesia

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    Local governments in Indonesia have the primary responsibility for delivering sanitation (wastewater) services. However, in large part due to governance factors, local governments invest little in sanitation services and delivery of services is weak. This research adopted a participatory, case study approach to investigate governance and institutional arrangements for planning, budgeting and implementing sanitation services in small cities and towns in Sumatra, Indonesia. The research focused on the effectiveness of city/regency planning for sanitation, the effectiveness of pokja sanitasi (sanitation committees), the links between planning and investment, and local government roles and responsibilities. This paper presents the findings of three case studies. Barriers to effective delivery of sanitation services include: prescriptive local budgeting and approval systems; lack of local government ownership of assets; and policy, funding and technical arrangements that are biased against strategic delivery
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