84 research outputs found

    Interlayer Interactions in Anisotropic Atomically-thin Rhenium Diselenide

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    Recently, two-dimensional (2D) materials with strong in-plane anisotropic properties such as black phosphorus have demonstrated great potential for developing new devices that can take advantage of its reduced lattice symmetry with potential applications in electronics, optoelectronics and thermoelectrics. However, the selection of 2D material with strong in-plane anisotropy has so far been very limited and only sporadic studies have been devoted to transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDC) materials with reduced lattice symmetry, which is yet to convey the full picture of their optical and phonon properties, and the anisotropy in their interlayer interactions. Here, we study the anisotropic interlayer interactions in an important TMDC 2D material with reduced in-plane symmetry - atomically thin rhenium diselenide (ReSe2) - by investigating its ultralow frequency interlayer phonon vibration modes, the layer dependent optical bandgap, and the anisotropic photoluminescence (PL) spectra for the first time. The ultralow frequency interlayer Raman spectra combined with the first study of polarization-resolved high frequency Raman spectra in mono- and bi-layer ReSe2 allows deterministic identification of its layer number and crystal orientation. PL measurements show anisotropic optical emission intensity with bandgap increasing from 1.26 eV in the bulk to 1.32 eV in monolayer, consistent with the theoretical results based on first-principle calculations. The study of the layer-number dependence of the Raman modes and the PL spectra reveals the relatively weak van der Waals interaction and 2D quantum confinement in atomically-thin ReSe2.Comment: 17 pages, 5 figures, supplementary informatio

    Magnetic hot-spots generation at optical frequencies in all-dielectric mesoscale Janus particles

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    At optical frequencies due to the small value of the magnetic permeability of natural materials, the magnetic effects are week. To this end, the natural dielectric materials are unemployable for practical magnetic applications in optics. We have shown that it is possible to induce the intense magnetic hot spots in a Janus dielectric mesoscale particle. The basic idea of the Janus particle based on a combination of the effects of a photonic jet, whispering gallery waves and the concept of solid immersion. Simulations show that H^2/E^2 contrast maybe more 10 and maximal magnetic field intensity enhancement is more than 1000 for a wavelength-scaled particle with refractive index less than 2.Comment: 11 pages, 9 figure

    Direct Identification of Monolayer Rhenium Diselenide by an Individual Diffraction Pattern

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    In the current extensive studies of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), compared to hexagonal layered materials, like graphene, hBN and MoS2, low symmetry layered two‐dimensional (2D) crystals have shown great potential for applications in anisotropic devices. Rhenium diselenide (ReSe2) has the bulk space group P1ത and belongs to triclinic crystal system with a deformed cadmium iodide type structure. Here we propose an electron diffraction based method to distinguish monolayer ReSe2 membrane from multilayer ReSe2, and its two different vertical orientations, our method could also be applicable to other low symmetry crystal systems, including both triclinic and monoclinic lattices, as long as their third unit‐cell basis vectors are not perpendicular to their basal planes. Our experimental results are well explained by kinematical electron diffraction theory and corresponding simulations. The generalization of our method to other 2D materials, like graphene, is also discussed