6,017 research outputs found

    Recreating Reality: Waltz With Bashir, Persepolis, and the Documentary Genre

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    This paper examines Ari Folman‚Äôs Waltz With Bashir (2008) and Marjane Satrapi‚Äôs Persepolis (2007) to elucidate how artists, distributors, and audiences shape and define the porous boundaries of the documentary genre, and how such perceptions are shaped within a digital context. By analyzing how each film represents reality; that is, how documentaries attempt to represent the real world, this paper explores the elements of performativity within animated documentary as a reflection of both the growing fluidity of the documentary genre and the instability of the indexical in a digital age. In a digital context, where the ‚Äúreal‚ÄĚ can be manufactured at an increasing rate, stronger skepticism and cynicism push the documentary genre towards more subjective explorations, with animated documentaries serving as a key example of how genre distinctions have fluctuated in response

    Graphic Narratives of Women in War: Identity Construction in the Works of Zeina Abirached, Miriam Katin, and Marjane Satrapi

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    By applying terminology from trauma theory and a methodological approach from comics scholarship, this essay discusses three graphic autobiographies of women. These are A Game for Swallows by Zeina Abirached (trans. Edward Gauvin, 2012), We are on our Own by Miriam Katin (2006), and Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi (trans. Anjali Singh, 2004). Two issues are at the centre of the investigation: the strategies by which these works engage in the much-debated issues of representing gendered violence, and the representation of the ways traumatized daughters and their mothers deal with the identity crises caused by war

    Nationalization of Antiquities: Threats to Human Heritage Posed by Equating Modern Nations with Ancient Counterparts

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    Iran or Persia : what's in a name, the decline and fall of a tourism industry?

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    The future of tourism in Iran depends on the tenor of the government, whether it be Islamic traditionalist or Islamic liberalist. In Iran religion and politics are inescapably intertwined and inseparable, with the priority of religion over politics. This is highlighted in the changing emphasis of the UNESCO list where cultural heritage is being reshaped according to religious and political ideology. President Jimmy Carter, during a State dinner in Tehran in late December 1977, described Iran 'an island of stability in one of the more troubled areas of the world'; this serves as a salient warning to those tempted to make predictions about the future of Iran. Anti -Israeli rhetoric, holocaust denial, uncertain nuclear aims and ambitions, pollution, traffic, false imprisonment, hangings and stoning all serve to undermine the attractiveness of Iran as a destination

    Conflicts among Civilizations: The Influence behind War and Art

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    Why war or conflicts are fought between civilizations is a subject that could be debated with no end. The complexity of how our species reacts with each other and generates conflict exceeds the limitations of a single concept. There is not one answer to the question, but often the combination of the need for economic and political authority along with the thrill of victory, power, and nationalism joining together to create the motivation to fight and conquer

    GEGAR BUDAYA TOKOH UTAMA DALAM FILM ANIMASI PRANCIS √Ę‚ā¨ŇďPERSEPOLIS√Ę‚ā¨ Sebuah Tinjauan Psikologis

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    Kata kunci : Revolusi Iran, pola kehidupan, gegar budaya, coping, pendekatan psikologis Setiap manusia memiliki pola kehidupan yang mencerminkan unsur-unsur budaya. Sifat manusia yang dinamis membuat pola kehidupan yang dijalaninya juga bisa berubah dan menimbulkan permasalahan terutama terhadap sisi psikologis, salah satunya masalah gegar budaya. Gegar budaya bisa dikaji melalui berbagai bidang dan media, salah satunya melalui film animasi Prancis berjudul Persepolis. Film yang diadaptasi dari empat jilid novel grafis: Persepolis 1, Persepolis 2, Persepolis 3, dan Persepolis 4 ini bercerita tentang seorang tokoh bernama√ā¬† Marji (Marjane Satrapi) yang mengalami masalah gegar budaya akibat perpindahan yang ia lakukan ke Austria setelah terjadi revolusi di negara asalnya, Iran, yang membuatnya mengalami banyak permasalahan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tahapan, manifestasi, dan cara tokoh Marji menghadapi masalah gegar budaya yang dialaminya.Penelitian ini menggunakan teori tahapan gegar budaya W-Curve yang dikemukakan oleh Gullahorn dan Gullahorn pada tahun 1963 serta teori coping dari Folkman dan Lazarus pada tahun 1984. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitiankualitatif dengan menggunakan teknik content analysis (analisis isi) sebagai metode pengumpulan data dan analisis data deskriptif dalam proses analisis data.Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa tokoh Marji mengalami gegar budaya ketika ia berada di Austria dan gegar budaya ketika ia kembali lagi ke Iran. Kedua gegar budaya ini memiliki tahapan, penyebab, dan manifestasi yang berbeda. Untuk mengatasi masalah gegar budaya yang dialaminya, tokoh Marji melakukan beberapa bentuk coping, yaitu problem-focused coping (distancing, escape, dan planfull problem solving) dan emotion-focused coping (seeking social support, positive reinterpretation, dan self criticism).Penulis menyarankan agar pada penelitian selanjutnya dilakukan pengkajian kesejajaran fakta literer mengenai unsur sejarah dan politik negara Iran yang tampak dalam film Persepolis dengan fakta yang terjadi di Iran pada masa itu. Selain itu, membandingkan film Persepolis dengan novel grafisnya juga akan menjadi sebuah penelitian yang menarik

    Gegar Budaya Tokoh Utama dalam Film Animasi Prancis ‚ÄúPersepolis‚ÄĚ sebuah Tinjauan Psikologis

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    Kata kunci : Revolusi Iran, pola kehidupan, gegar budaya, coping, pendekatan psikologis Setiap manusia memiliki pola kehidupan yang mencerminkan unsur-unsur budaya. Sifat manusia yang dinamis membuat pola kehidupan yang dijalaninya juga bisa berubah dan menimbulkan permasalahan terutama terhadap sisi psikologis, salah satunya masalah gegar budaya. Gegar budaya bisa dikaji melalui berbagai bidang dan media, salah satunya melalui film animasi Prancis berjudul Persepolis. Film yang diadaptasi dari empat jilid novel grafis: Persepolis 1, Persepolis 2, Persepolis 3, dan Persepolis 4 ini bercerita tentang seorang tokoh bernama Marji (Marjane Satrapi) yang mengalami masalah gegar budaya akibat perpindahan yang ia lakukan ke Austria setelah terjadi revolusi di negara asalnya, Iran, yang membuatnya mengalami banyak permasalahan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tahapan, manifestasi, dan cara tokoh Marji menghadapi masalah gegar budaya yang dialaminya.Penelitian ini menggunakan teori tahapan gegar budaya W-Curve yang dikemukakan oleh Gullahorn dan Gullahorn pada tahun 1963 serta teori coping dari Folkman dan Lazarus pada tahun 1984. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitiankualitatif dengan menggunakan teknik content analysis (analisis isi) sebagai metode pengumpulan data dan analisis data deskriptif dalam proses analisis data.Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa tokoh Marji mengalami gegar budaya ketika ia berada di Austria dan gegar budaya ketika ia kembali lagi ke Iran. Kedua gegar budaya ini memiliki tahapan, penyebab, dan manifestasi yang berbeda. Untuk mengatasi masalah gegar budaya yang dialaminya, tokoh Marji melakukan beberapa bentuk coping, yaitu problem-focused coping (distancing, escape, dan planfull problem solving) dan emotion-focused coping (seeking social support, positive reinterpretation, dan self criticism).Penulis menyarankan agar pada penelitian selanjutnya dilakukan pengkajian kesejajaran fakta literer mengenai unsur sejarah dan politik negara Iran yang tampak dalam film Persepolis dengan fakta yang terjadi di Iran pada masa itu. Selain itu, membandingkan film Persepolis dengan novel grafisnya juga akan menjadi sebuah penelitian yang menarik

    Reading Comprehension Strategies in the ELA classroom

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    This research project analyzes reading comprehension strategies in the English/Language Arts classroom. The comprehension strategies implemented were as follows: ‚ÄúRead Write Pair Share,‚ÄĚ ‚ÄúExit Slips,‚ÄĚ ‚ÄúDialectical Journals,‚ÄĚ and ‚ÄúStudent Questioning for Purposeful Learning.‚ÄĚ The goal of this study was to determine which of these strategies are most effective in improving reading comprehension in the ELA classroom. Research participants were comprised of eighteen students in an English 12, track 3 classroom at Valparaiso High School, in Valparaiso, IN. All participants read at a level that is at least one grade level lower than their own. The strategies were incorporated as a component of the English 12 curriculum unit around the novel Persepolis. As students read, they completed the designated reading comprehension strategy for the particular lesson. Each strategy was practiced for one week. Student work was collected and performance was measured based on completion and accuracy. At the end of the unit, after all of the student work was collected, strategies were compared based on student assessment results. Students also took a survey, which asked them to rank the strategies in terms of how well they helped improve comprehension of the novel. Both assessment score and student survey results showed that ‚ÄúExit Slips‚ÄĚ were the most effective

    Xerxes and the Tower of Babel

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    Between Archaeology and Text: The Origins of Rice Consumption and Cultivation in the Middle East and the Mediterranean

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    Asiatic Rice Oryza sativa L. (Poaceae) is a domesticated grain crop native to the tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, which presently ranks among the most important grains in a global diet. Oryza sativa is comprised of two distinct phylogenetic subspecies, namely japonica and indica, for which genetic evidence indicates at least two centres of domestication: the Lower Yangtze valley for the broad thick-grained japonica (c. 4000 BC) and the Gangetic basin for the thin elongated indica variety (c. 2500 BC) (Fuller et al 2010; idem 2011; Nesbitt et al 2010: 325‚Äď7). Modern genetics of landraces from northeast India may indicate a third distinct origin for the so-called aus rice varieties (Londo et al 2006: 9581‚Äď2). The genetic history of this taxon is further complicated by post-domestication hybridisation between domesticates and their wild ancestors as well as the presence of rarer forms like the aromatic rice varieties (basmati in South Asia and sadri from Iran) which may be of independent origin (Nesbitt et al 2010: 324‚Äď5). In South Asia domesticated rice is attested at various archaeological sites in the Ganges basin from the mid-3rd millennium BC onwards. It subsequently appears at mature and late Harappan levels in north-western India (c. 2000 BC) before arriving at the edge of the eastern Iranian plateau at Pirak on the north Kachi plain in the early 2nd millennium BC (Costantini 1981; Fuller 2006: 36; Sato 2005). The presence of rice at Pirak heralds its gradual westward movement along the Iranian plateau via overland and perhaps even coastal routes into western Iran and Mesopotamia
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