423 research outputs found

    La política de desarrollo comunitaria en el umbral del siglo XXI

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    La Uni√≥n Europea, a trav√©s de su primer pilar, el comunitario, se ha convertido en un actor sumamente importante en la moderna pol√≠tica de cooperaci√≥n al desarrollo. La lucha contra la pobreza y las desigualdades internacionales se ha convertido en un tema esencial de la agenda internacional de nuestros d√≠as. La Uni√≥n est√° en buenas condiciones para experimentar con nuevos enfoques y para responder con rapidez ante los cambios de prioridades que imponen tanto la evoluci√≥n de sus intereses como la de la escena internacional. La Comisi√≥n Europea ha lanzado recientemente nuevas propuestas renovadoras de la pol√≠tica de cooperaci√≥n y ha reformado profundamente sus instrumentos de gesti√≥n. El Consejo de Ministros, por su parte, ha tomado decisiones que afectar√°n a la pol√≠tica de desarrollo en los pr√≥ximos a√Īos. Uno de los aspectos m√°s destacados de la acci√≥n comunitaria estriba en el decidido apoyo prestado a las v√≠nculos entre desarrollo y democracia. La ayuda a esta √ļltima se configura hoy como una de las palancas para promover el primero. La Uni√≥n ha ganado ya experiencia en este campo dif√≠cil que aparece en la actualidad como uno de los m√°s importantes retos para la pol√≠tica comunitaria del futuro. El art√≠culo, basado en documentaci√≥n oficial comunitaria, est√° impregnado por las experiencias de su autor, funcionario en la Comisi√≥n Europea durante casi quince a√Īos. _________________________________________The European Union has become, via its first pillar (the Community framework), one of the most important actors in development cooperation policy. Fighting poverty and international inequality are essential items on todays¬īs international agenda. The European Union is in an excellent position to work out new approaches to development cooperation and to respond quickly to changes in its own priorities. This is a consequence of the Union¬īs envolving interests and of its reactions to the rapidly chancing international environment. The European Commission has recently submitted a number of new proposals with the intention of updating and renewing the Union¬īs development policies. The Commission has also extensively amended its management structure and tools for dealing with the challenges of development. The Council of Ministers has taken several decisions which will shape the Union¬īs development cooperation policy for years to come. One of the most outstanding aspects of Community action in this area is the emphasis which has been put on the linkages between support for democracy and development assistance. The former has become an essential tool for gaining leverage to promote development. This article, based on Community documents, reflects the author¬īs experience as a senior Commission official for almost fifteen years

    Capital extranjero en la economía peruana: políticas y negociaciones en la década de los setenta

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    Incluye BibliografíaAnaliza la significacion que tienen las empresas extranjeras dentro de la economia peruana; identifica las actividades economicas en las que tienen una presencia predominante; examina el comportamiento del capital extranjero frente a los cambios que experimento la politica de desarrollo; estudia las nuevas formas de negociacion; y delimita la naturaleza de los conflictos con el capital extranjero

    Informe Sobre Los Resultados Del Programa de Investigacion de los Recursos Pesqueros Del Lago de Nicaragua

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    E1 Instituto de Fomento Nacional (INFONAC), basado en los principios de su Ley Creadora y en la politica de desarrollo pesquero que se ha trazado, tome en el mes de Enero de 1971, la firme determinacion de iniciar el Programa de Investigacion de los Recursos Pesqueros del Lago de Nicaragua con una duracion estimada de tres (3) aiios, teniendo como base de operaciones la Ciudad de Granada

    Agentes del "desarrollo"

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    Incluye BibliografíaDescribe cada una de las diferentes categorias de agentes y sus implicaciones en la planificacion, que deben ser tomados en cuenta en una consideracion realista en la formacion de una politica de desarrollo, los problemas que se presentan en el camino de politicas coherentes respaldadas por amplias coaliciones de agentes, y la forma en que pueden solucionar estos problemas en un esfuerzo concertado de planificacion

    A Subnational Examination of HIV/AIDS Mortality Rates in Mexico as a Function of the Social Gap Index and Multidimensional Poverty

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    Background: While Mexico has maintained a relatively low prevalence of HIV/AIDS and provides universal coverage of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), HIV/AIDS mortality rates have failed to decrease at the national level. However, national trends mask heterogeneity in HIV/AIDS incidence and mortality across states and regions, a finding which likely parallels the distribution of social and economic inequality in Mexico. Objectives: As HIV/AIDS mortality likely differs as a function of community social and material deprivation, I evaluated the states’ annual HIV/AIDS mortality rates in Mexican residents aged 15 and over as a function of the Social Gap Index (SGIx) for each year from 2004-2011. Additionally, I evaluated the relationship between indicators of a state’s educational attainment, healthcare deprivation, and prevalence of poverty with annual mortality rates for each year from 2004-2011. Methods: Using demographic information and mortality data from the Mexican Ministry of Health’s Epidemiological and Statistical Mortality System and population level measures of social and material deprivation from The National Council for Evaluation of Social Development and Policy, univariate regression analysis and Pearson correlation were conducted to examine the relationship between annual mortality rate with state level indicators of educational gap, healthcare access, and poverty. Additionally ANOVA was conducted to examine the relationship with between annual mortality rate and state SGIx. All analyses were conducted for each year from 2004-2011. Results: Mean annual mortality rate at the national level steadily increased from 2005 (M=3.11, SD=1.67) to 2011 (M=3.97, SD=2.32), with the greatest mortality rate in the state of Tabasco (10.45 per 100,000) in 2010. Regression analysis and Pearson correlation indicated no statistically significant relationship between annual mortality and the component variables at the state level. Similarly, the relationship between state SGIx score and annual mortality rate was not statistically significant. Conclusions: This study demonstrates the limited predictive validity of state and population level measures in determining HIV/AIDS mortality rates. This is likely due to the concentration of HIV/AIDS among high-risk subpopulations in Mexico. Coupled with the limited effectiveness of universal HAART therapy, this suggests the need for future research which specifically samples from high-risk population groups, including men who have sex with men and female commercial sex workers

    Integração das variáveis de natureza social no avaliação do risco de incêndio florestal na região de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro

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    Todos os anos os inc√™ndios florestais causam danos em milh√Ķes de hectares de florestas. Ao n√≠vel da Europa, Portugal √© o pa√≠s mais prejudicado pelos inc√™ndios florestais, apresentando um aumento na √°rea ardida desde a d√©cada de 80 Cola√ßo, et al. (2006) . Muito se tem vindo a fazer para controlar os fogos florestais, mas o facto √© que, os fogos fazem parte da din√Ęmica do Planeta, dos ecossistemas e nem sempre s√£o prejudiciais Gomes (2006, 1 09-119). Por todo o Mundo tem sido feita investiga√ß√£o sobre esta tem√°tica, nomeadamente na ecologia do fogo, no seu controlo e na sua previs√£o MACEDO, et al. (1987). Criaram-se modelos de predi√ß√£o do fogo adaptados a cada realidade, chamados os modelos de indexa√ß√£o de risco de inc√™ndio

    Integração das variáveis de natureza social no avaliação do risco de incêndio florestal na região de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro

    Get PDF
    Todos os anos os inc√™ndios florestais causam danos em milh√Ķes de hectares de florestas. Ao n√≠vel da Europa, Portugal √© o pa√≠s mais prejudicado pelos inc√™ndios florestais, apresentando um aumento na √°rea ardida desde a d√©cada de 80 Cola√ßo, et al. (2006) . Muito se tem vindo a fazer para controlar os fogos florestais, mas o facto √© que, os fogos fazem parte da din√Ęmica do Planeta, dos ecossistemas e nem sempre s√£o prejudiciais Gomes (2006, 1 09-119). Por todo o Mundo tem sido feita investiga√ß√£o sobre esta tem√°tica, nomeadamente na ecologia do fogo, no seu controlo e na sua previs√£o MACEDO, et al. (1987). Criaram-se modelos de predi√ß√£o do fogo adaptados a cada realidade, chamados os modelos de indexa√ß√£o de risco de inc√™ndio
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