11,606 research outputs found

    Many-Body Physics with Ultracold Gases

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    This article reviews recent experimental and theoretical progress on many-body phenomena in dilute, ultracold gases. Its focus are effects beyond standard weak-coupling descriptions, like the Mott-Hubbard-transition in optical lattices, strongly interacting gases in one and two dimensions or lowest Landau level physics in quasi two-dimensional gases in fast rotation. Strong correlations in fermionic gases are discussed in optical lattices or near Feshbach resonances in the BCS-BEC crossover.Comment: revised version, accepted for publication in Rev. Mod. Phy

    Many-body physics of intersubband polaritons

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    Intersubband polaritons are light-matter excitations originating from the strong coupling between an intersubband quantum well electronic transition and a microcavity photon mode. In this paper we study how the Coulomb electron-electron interaction and the Pauli saturation of the electronic transitions affect the physics of intersubband polaritons. We develop a microscopic many-body theory for the physics of such composite bosonic excitations in a microcavity-embedded two-dimensional electron gas. As a first application, we calculate the modification of the depolarization shifts and the efficiency of intersubband polariton-polariton scattering processes

    Shape-Invariance and Many-Body Physics

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    Recent developments in the study of shape-invariant Hamiltonians are briefly summarized. Relations between certain exactly solvable problems in many-body physics and shape-invariance are explored. Connection between Gaudin algebras and supersymmetric quantum mechanics is pointed out.Comment: To appear in the proceedings of "Symmetries in Nuclear Structure, Ettore Majorana Centre, Erice - Sicily, Italy, March 23-29, 2003"; 10 pages of Latex outpu

    Introducing many-body physics using atomic spectroscopy

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    Atoms constitute relatively simple many-body systems, making them suitable objects for developing an understanding of basic aspects of many-body physics. Photoabsorption spectroscopy is a prominent method to study the electronic structure of atoms and the inherent many-body interactions. In this article the impact of many-body effects on well-known spectroscopic features such as Rydberg series, Fano resonances, Cooper minima, and giant resonances is studied, and related many-body phenomena in other fields are outlined. To calculate photoabsorption cross sections the time-dependent configuration interaction singles (TDCIS) model is employed. The conceptual clearness of TDCIS in combination with the compactness of atomic systems allows for a pedagogical introduction to many-body phenomena.Comment: 15 pages, 6 figures, 1 table. The following article has been accepted by American Journal of Physic

    Many Body Physics with Coupled Transmission Line Resonators

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    We present the Josephson junction intersected superconducting transmission line resonator. In contrast to the Josephson parametric amplifier, Josephson bifurcation amplifier and Josephson parametric converter we consider the regime of few microwave photons. We review the derivation of eigenmode frequencies and zero point fluctuations of the nonlinear transmission line resonator and the derivation of the eigenmode Kerr nonlinearities. Remarkably these nonlinearities can reach values comparable to Transmon qubits rendering the device ideal for accessing the strongly correlated regime. This is particularly interesting for investigation of quantum many-body dynamics of interacting particles under the influence of drive and dissipation. We provide current profiles for the device modes and investigate the coupling between resonators in a network of nonlinear transmission line resonators.Comment: submitted to the proceedings of the CEWQO 2012 conferenc

    Multi-Agent Complex Systems and Many-Body Physics

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    Multi-agent complex systems comprising populations of decision-making particles, have many potential applications across the biological, informational and social sciences. We show that the time-averaged dynamics in such systems bear a striking resemblance to conventional many-body physics. For the specific example of the Minority Game, this analogy enables us to obtain analytic expressions which are in excellent agreement with numerical simulations.Comment: Accepted for publication in Europhysics Letter