150,401 research outputs found

    Country Profile on Disability: Republic of Uzbekistan

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    [Excerpt] The Law on Social Security of Disabled People in the Republic of Uzbekistan, Article 1 defines a person with disability as one who is in need of aid because he/she has physical or mental problems. Daily activities such as moving, orientation, speech, behavioral control, and/or work on one\u27s own are completely or partly limited. In Uzbekistan, persons with disabilities are screened in two steps. Firstly, a diagnosis is given by the hospitals where each person is registered according to his/her residential addresses. Secondly, persons with disabilities receive referrals to the Medicine Labour Expert Commissions (MLEC) of their respective district, which determines the grade of disability. Regarding reception of social security benefits, the MLEC defines persons with disabilities by legislature in accordance with national traditions, international norms, and the economic resources of Uzbekistan. According to the causes of disabilities, persons with disabilities are divided into three general groups: (1) Disability caused by genetic diseases, (2) Disability caused by acquired diseases, and (3) Disability caused by industrial injury such as traffic accidents, industrial accidents, and natural disasters

    Transforming International Cooperation

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    Die Welt der internationalen Zusammenarbeit befindet sich im Wandel. Globale Machtverschiebungen und der Aufstieg des Populismus haben die Welt multipolarer, aber nicht unbedingt multilateraler gemacht. Das traditionelle Nord-S├╝d-Hilfssystem wird in Frage gestellt, w├Ąhrend transnationale Herausforderungen alle L├Ąnder betreffen und st├Ąrkere globale Partnerschaften erfordern. In diesem Zusammenhang sticht die Graduierung von L├Ąndern aus der ├Âffentlichen Entwicklungshilfe (ODA) als ein Schwerpunktthema bei der Verkn├╝pfung aktueller Debatten hervor. Diese Publikation, die von der Deutschen Gesellschaft f├╝r Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) herausgegeben wird, bietet Experten aus verschiedenen Sektoren und Regionen die M├Âglichkeit, ihre Ansichten in offenen Dialogen und Spotlight-Texten auszutauschen. Sie betten die ODA-Graduierung in ihren breiteren globalen Kontext ein, diskutieren ihre Implikationen und fordern eine neue Partnerschaft auf der Grundlage globaler Ziele und des Wissensaustauschs. Diese Sammlung von Gedanken und Perspektiven wird daher hoffentlich als Meilenstein in der Debatte ├╝ber die Umgestaltung der internationalen Zusammenarbeit dienen. The world of international cooperation is in transition. Global power shifts and the rise of populism have made the world multipolar, but not necessarily more multilateral. The traditional NorthÔÇôSouth aid system is being called into question, while transnational challenges are affecting all countries and require stronger global partnerships. In this context, the graduation of countries from Official Development Assistance (ODA) stands out as a focal topic in connecting current debates. Facilitated by the Deutsche Gesellschaft f├╝r Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), this publication sees experts from various sectors and regions share and exchange their views in open dialogues and spotlight texts. They embed ODA graduation in its broader global context, discuss its implications and call for a new partnership based on global goals and knowledge sharing. This collection of thoughts and perspectives will thus hopefully serve as a milestone in the debate on transforming international cooperation

    Country Profile on Disability: Arab Republic of Egypt

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    A brief report on disability statistics, public policy and disability-related organizations and activities in Egypt

    Report on mining development plan of Iscaycruz (Oyon) area

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    Complying with the Peruvian Government request in 1985, preliminaly survey as well as the subject feasibility study, infrastructure to be related to develop the mine and economic intention for the district was conducted at the Iscaycruz district, which indicated high potentiality of occurrence of copper, lead and zinc deposits under the scheme of "Cooperative Mineral Exploration" since 1979. The survey was carried out by the feasibility study team which comprised with six specialists from Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and Metal Mining Agency of Japan (MMAJ) as a special participant together with the five Peruvian counter partners of Instituto Geol├│gico Minero y Metal├║rgico (INGEMMET)

    Report on the geological survey in the Urubamba river inferior area of the Republic of Peru. Final Report

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    This report describes results of the first year's survey in FY1998(Phase I) and the second year's survey in FY1999(Phase II), implemented in the Urubamba river inferior area of the Republic of Peru, under the technical cooperation for the mineral exploration. The survey was conducted with an aim to effectively select promising zones from the extensive survey arca in a short period of time, by means of satellite image analysis, existing data analysis and integrated studies of survey findings of an area upstream of the Amazon in eastern Peru, which covers the Ucayali River Basin and its upper streams, the Urubamba and the Tambo, where the metallogenic zoning has not been clarified in detail. The Urubamba river inferior arca covers an arca of about 65,500 km2, spreading over the 27 quadrangles of the 1:100,000-scale topographic map issued by the National Geographical Instituto of Peru. Topographically, the area extends from the Sub-Andes in the west to the Selva in the east. In Phase 1, the analysis of the JERS-1 SAR images was conducted of the 15 quadrangles (approx. 37,500km2; 72┬░ 30' to 75┬░ 00' W of longitude and 9┬░ 30' S to 11┬░ 00' S of latitude) west of the Urubamba inferior are a, while the analysis of existing Data was conducted of the whole inferior area of the Urubamba. Simultaneously, the technology transfer to the INGEMMMET, the Peruvian counterpart for the survey, was implemented concerning the methods of satellite image analysis. In Phase II, the analysis of the JERS-1 SAR images was conducted of the 12 quadrangles (approx. 28,000km2; 70┬░ 30' to 72┬░ 30' W of longitude and 9┬░ 30' to 11┬░ 00' S of latitude) west of the Urubamba inferior area. Resides, an integral analysis was conducted on the basis of the combined results of the satellite image analysis in Phases 1 and 11 and the analysis of the existing data, in order to evaluate potentials for occurrence of ore deposits in the entire inferior areas of the Urubamba River

    Report on mineral exploration in Iscaycruz (Oyon) area: consolidated report

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    This report summarizes results of the exploration works of the progressive stage of the Mineral Exploration by means of drilling and tunnelling explorations carried out during the period of three years from 1982 to 1984 in the lscaycruz Area (40 km2), the Republic of Peru. The lscaycruz Area had been extracted as a favorable arca where economic ore deposits would be expected to be emplaced, by the results of the early stage of the Mineral Exploration in the Oyon Arca (860 km2), which was carried out during the period of three years from 1979 to 1981. The purpose of this project is to confirm the existence of economic ore deposits, in the selected areas of Limpe area and Limpe-South area in the lscaycruz Arca, through the implement of investigations such as tunnelling exploration and drilling exploration both on the surface and in the underground. The Iscaycruz Arca is located about 150 km north of Lima, in the backbone range of the Western Andes. Geologically, Mesozoic sedimentary rocks are widely distributed in this area, forming remarkable composit folded structure due to tight folding with the axes in the Andean direction, namely NNW-SSE. The lscaycruz mineralized zone is located approximately 7 km south-southeast of Oyon, in the high mountain at the altitude of 4,700 m above sea level. The mineralization occurs in the limestones of the Santa Formation, about 50 to 100m in thickness, and continues about 12 km along the strike. In this mineralized zone, ore deposits are divided roughly into two categories; the one is contact metasomatic skarn type ore deposits represented by copper-zinc skarn orebodies and the other is hydrothermal replacement ore deposits represented by copper-lead-zinc massive sulphide orebodies as well as by disseminated orebodies of lead and zinc in the siderite beds. The cummulative amount of the investigation in this survey project is; as to the tunneling exploration, 2,008 m is the total excavation length of the Adit-N (835 m, at 4,090 m above sea level) and of the Adit-S (1 ,173 m, at 4,570 m above sea level); andas to the drilling exploration, 4,110 m of 19 holes is the total length of the surface drilling (2,040 m, 9 holes) and the underground drilling (2,070 m, 10 holes). Through the drilling exploration, indications of mineralization have been confirmed in all the hales; especially, in the 4 surface drill holes and in the 4 underground drill holes located in the Limpe area as well as in the 2 surface drill holes in the Limpe-South arca, were confined high grade orebodies with the thickness over 10 m, the grade of which is as high as 20% Pb, Zn and Cu combined. Also, in the tunnelling exploration, high grade orebodies have been confirmed at three localities and the conditions of the emplacement of the orebodyÔÇÖs have been clarified. Considering the results of these exploration works generally, it is estimated that the sizes of the orebodies in the Limpe area are 300 m in horizontal extension, over 150m in vertical extension and 10 to 30 m in thickness. By the result of the ore reserve estimation by polygon method, the expected ore reserves in this area is estimated to be 3,250 thousand tons with the grade as high as 20% Pb and Zn combined. As for the mineralization in the Limpe area, it would be necessary to conduct further detailed exploration works for the confirmation of the ore deposits, the ore reserves and possible extension of the orebodies at the depth. Also, it would be necessary to continue exploration for potentialities of mineral resources in the Lirnpe-South arca, Limpe-North area and Kunsha Punta arca. As to the investigation of the next stage, it is recommended to carry out the survey for the planning of the development including every item in necessary fields for the investment to the development of mineral resources

    Report on the geological survey in the Urubamba river inferior area of the Republic of Peru (Phase I)

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    This report describes results of the first year's survey in FYl998, implemented in the Urubamba river inferior area of the Republic of Peru, under the technical cooperation for the mineral exploration. The survey was conducted with an aim to effectively select promising zones from the extensive survey area in a short period of time, by means of satellite image analysis, existing data analysis and integrated studies of survey findings of an arca upstream of the Amazon in eastern Peru, which covers the Ucayali River Basin and its upper streams, the Urubamba and the Tambo, where the metallogenic zoning has not been clarified in detail. Simultaneously, the technology transfer to the INGEMMET - Instituto Geol├│gico Minero y Metal├║rgico, the Peruvian counterpart for the survey, was carried out concerning the methods of survey and analysis. Collection and analysis of existing data and the satellite image analysis for the purpose of the technology transfer was executed from January 24 to February 23, 1999. The Urubamba river inferior area covers an area of about 65,500 km2, spreading over the 28 quadrangles of the 1:100,000-scale topographic map issued by the National Geographical Instituto of Peru. In Phase 1, the analysis of the JERS-1 SAR images was conducted of the 15 quadrangles in the western part of the mentioned area, situated at 75┬░ to 70┬░30' W of longitude and 11┬░ o to 9┬░30' S of latitude, whilst the existing data analysis was conducted of the entire Urubamba river inferior area

    JICA Thematic Guidelines on Disability

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    [Excerpt] According to the United Nations (UN), there are approximately 600 million people worldwide with some form of disability, of which about 60 percent live in developing countries and only a small percentage are said to receive services such as rehabilitation. In developing countries, disability and poverty are closely connected, and the great majority of persons with disabilities are living in absolute poverty. They are not receiving the benefits of development, and it is not easy for them to participate in the development of their country. While a participatory approach to development is widely employed, measures to recognize persons with disabilities as participants have not yet been properly implemented in all fields of assistance. In the past, the support for persons with disabilities has been seen as part of social welfare assistance, and has tended to focus on persons with disabilities only as its beneficiaries

    Report on geological survey of Iscaycruz (Oyon) area: Phase II

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    This report summarizes results of the second year's work of the Cooperative Basic Geological Survey for Development of Mineral Resources carried out in the Iscaycruz Area, the Republic of Peru. The purpose of this project is to examine relationship between geological structure and mineralization, and to confirm lateral and vertical continuity of the mineralized zone, by means of drilling exploration and tunnelling exploration in this area. The Iscaycruz Area had been extracted as a favorable area where economic ore deposits would be expected to be emplaced, by the results of the Cooperative Basic Geological Survey for Development of Mineral Resources in the Oyon Area, which was carried out during the period of three years from 1979 to 1981. The Iscaycruz Area is located about 150 km north of Lima, in the backbone range of the West Andes. Geologically, Mesozoic sedimentary rocks are widely distributed in this area, forming remarkable com posit folded structure due to tight forlding with the axes in the Andean direction, namely NNW-SSE. The Iscaycruz mineralized zone is located approximately 7 km south-southeast of Oyon1 in the high mountain at the altitude of 4,700 m above sea level. The mineralization occurs in the limestones of the Santa Formation, about 50 to 100 meters in thickness, and continues about 12 km along the strike. In this mineralized zone, ore deposits are divided roughly into two categories; the one is contact metasomatic skarn type ore deposits represented by copper-zinc skarn orebodies and the other is hydrothermal replacement ore deposits represented by copper-lead-zinc massive sulphide ore bodies as well as by disseminated orebodies of lead and zinc in the siderite beds. The investigations in the present year, following the works in the last year, the tunneling exploration (Adit-N main tunnel, Adit-N crosscut, Adit-S main tunnel, total excavation length 680 m) and the underground diamond drilling (2 drill sites, 4 holes, total drill length 910 m) were carried out in the Limpe area in the central part of the lscaycruz mineralization zone, where the emplacement of high grade copper-lead-zinc massive sulphide ore deposits would be expected most favorably in the Iscaycruz mineralization zone. By the results of the tunnelling exploration, both main tunnels of Adit-N (4,690 meters above sea level) and Adit-S (4,570 meters above sea level) are located in quartzite of the Chimu Formation. The Santa Formation is recognized over 80 meters along the crosscut of the Adit-N and, in addition to the intense mineralization mainly of pyrite, indications of high grade zinc mi neralization of Zn l 7.13% in average of the true width of l 2 meters are confirmed on the horizon of the hanging-watt-side orebody. By the results of the underground diamond drilling, heavy pyrite mineralization was recognized in 4 holes respectively. By the drill hole JC-6, which was located in the north of the crosscut of the Adit-N, indications of high grade zinc mineralization (core length 7.0 m , Cu 0.32%, Zn 21.59%) and copper disseminations in pyrite mass (core length 7.8 m, Cu 2.48%, Zn 0.46%) were recognized in the peripheral zone of the massive pyrite orebody along the horizon of the footwalt- side orebody. And it has been clarified that there would be intimate relation between the pyrite mineralization and the copper-lead-zinc mineralization
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