12,109 research outputs found

    Hellenistic period

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    Gr─Źka, iako mala, je dr┼żava koja je danas poznata po dobro razvijenom turizmu, dok je ona zapravo imala jako burnu pro┼ílost. Poznata su nam razdoblja iz gr─Źke povijesti, a ono koje je zasigurno ostavilo dubok trag je helenizam. Aleksandar Veliki bio je jedan od najva┼żnijih i najpoznatijih osvaja─Źa tog doba. Veoma mlad, ali s velikim ambicijama pobje─Ĺuje u mnogo bitaka i tako zauzima veliko podru─Źje. Gradovi koje je osnivao dobili su zajedni─Źko ime Aleksandrija. Nakon osvojenog dijela istoka, za cilj si je postavio stvoriti novu prijestolnicu koja bi objedinila Gr─Źku, Malu Aziju i Europu s istokom. Umro je vrlo mlad od groznice i cilj nije ostvario. Potom po─Źinje helenisti─Źko radoblje koje je rezultat spoja izme─Ĺu gr─Źke i isto─Źne kulture, tradicije i obi─Źaja. Gr─Źki jezik je postao me─Ĺunarodni, ljudi su lak┼íe mogli komunicirati i jednostavnije su se razvijale ekonomija, gospodarstvo i kultura. Osim toga, ljudi su sve vi┼íe po─Źeli usavr┼íavati svoje vje┼ítine pa je tako srednji sloj postao brojniji. Javlja se i nekoliko filozofskih ┼íkola koje su na svoj jedinstven na─Źin imale poglede na ┼żivot, to su epikurejska, stoi─Źka i skepti─Źka ┼íkola. Prve dvije su djelovale na suprotan na─Źin. Gradili su se hramovi u kojima su ljudi mogli ─Źuvati novac, a oni su od toga ostvarivali prihod, dok se nije razvio bankarski sustav koji je preuzeo tu ulogu. Nastala je i velika potreba za kupnjom nekretnina kako bi se na neki na─Źin odu┼żili bogovima, ali i kako bi odre─Ĺena gra─Ĺevina predstavljala bogatstvo svoga grada. Znanstvenici, arhitekti, umjetnici, filozofi bili su brojni. Svojim djelovanjem ostavili su prepoznatljiv trag helenisti─Źkog razdoblja.Despite the fact that Greece is a rather small country that is well known by tourism today, its history was very turbulent. The periods of Greek history are well known to us, and one of those that left a great mark in history was Helenism. Alexander The Great was one of the most important and the most famous conquerors of that time. Even though he was young, his ambition drove him to the conquest of a huge area. The cities he has founded were named Alexandria. After he had conquered part of the East, his goal was to establish a new capital that would unite the conquered areas of Greece, Asia Minor and Europe with East. He did not achieve his goals since he died of fever. As a result of his conquests the Helenistic period emerges which consists of elements from Greek and eastern cultures, tradition and customs. The Greek language became international meaning that people used it for communication what eased the development of economy and culture. The middle cast becam more numerous as a result of skills development. Philosophical schools with peculiar views of life have been established Epicureanism, Stoicism, Skepticism. The first two schools had complety opposed ways of teaching. The temples were built where people were able to deposit their money which was used to make some profit for the temples. This was the case until the first banks were established and took over this role. It was believed that possesion of the buildings was a way to express the respect to gods so many were built and bought, and also buildings represented the richness of one city. Scholars, architects, artists, philosophers were numerous at that time. With their teachings and work they have left a remarkable trace in a Helenistic period

    Asylia and Peer Polity Interaction in the Hellenistic Period

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    This thesis proposes that the Peer Polity Interaction Theory can explain the spread of the civic title of territorial asylia (inviolability) in the Hellenistic period. The Greeks had always considered sacred space to be inviolable; thus there was no apparent need to acquire a separate title of inviolability. During the Hellenistic period, however, ambassadors canvassed the Greek world for recognition of asylia, and acceptances were inscribed in stone and placed in highly visible places. It was clearly a particularly sought after title. By surveying the primary epigraphic and numismatic sources and examining asylia in the context of the Peer Polity Interaction Theory, we can explain the networks created between the poleis in the Hellenistic period that enabled asylia to thrive. Interacting with other poleis within these networks would have been important in a world dominated by meddling Hellenistic kings, and later, by an emerging Roman power. The Peer Polity Interaction Theory proposes that a shared civic culture, competitive emulation, and kinship diplomacy, led to asylia becoming one of the most popular civic titles to obtain in the Hellenistic period

    Review of Agnieszka Kotlińska-Toma, Hellenistic Tragedy

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    Review of Agnieszka Kotlińska-Toma, Hellenistic Tragedy: Texts, Translations and a Critical Survey. Bloomsbury Classical Studies Monographs. London; New Delhi; New York; Sydney: Bloomsbury, 2015. Pp. xvi, 322. ISBN 9781472524218. $120.00. Kotlińska-Toma collects and translates the fragments of Greek tragedy of the Hellenistic period (323-31 BC); the study delivers a careful collection of the relevant texts, a descriptive overview of the nature of Hellenistic tragedy, and a summary of the stage conventions of the Hellenistic period, especially their differences from the Classical period

    Habent sua fata libelli: Aristotle's Categories in the first century BC

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    A re-examination of the question why, in the revival of interest, in the first century BC in AristotleÔÇÖs esoteric works, as opposed to his doctrines, the work Categories played so large a part. The answers suggested are that the work aroused interest just because it did not easily fit into the standard Hellenistic divisions of philosophy and their usual agendas, and that, more than AristotleÔÇÖs other works with the possible exception of the Metaphysics , it revealed aspects of AristotleÔÇÖs thought that had become unfamiliar during the Hellenistic period

    Archaeology from A to Z: Abu Zarad, an ancient town in the heartland of Palestine

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    A new agreement on cooperation for the archaeological exploration, cultural and tourist valorization of Tell Sheikh Abu Zarad, in central Palestine, has been signed in April 2015 by Rome Sapienza University and the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities of Palestine. In May-June 2015, the first season of archaeological investigation was carried out, putting on the map this ancient mound, one of the pre-classical cities in the heartland of the country. A GIS aided survey of the tell and its immediate environs, and a systematic collection of surface pottery allowed to reconstruct its ancient landscape, and to put forward a topographic analysis of the site, as well as a provisional timeline of its occupation from the Early Bronze Age until the Ottoman Period. At a preliminary examination, Tell Abu Zarad achieved the urban status in the Middle Bronze II-III, and in Iron I-II

    New Research on the Gymnasium of Eretria

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    Das Gymnasion von Eretria gilt als eines der besten Beispiele f├╝r fr├╝hhellenistische Pal├Ąstren. Dieser Beitrag pr├Ąsentiert die Ergebnisse neuer Forschungen, die die Schweizerische Arch├Ąologische Schule in Griechenland 2015 und 2016 durchgef├╝hrt hat und die signifikante neue Erkenntnisse f├╝r die Chronologie, den Plan und die Funktion des Komplexes liefern. Der Bau wurde um 330ÔÇô320 v. Chr. als Pal├Ąstra mit zwei verschiedengro├čen H├Âfen errichtet, die vermutlich f├╝r unterschiedliche Alters┬şgruppen konzipiert waren. Die Bauzeit korreliert mit der Einf├╝hrung der Ephebeia in Eretria. Nach verschiedenen Umbauten, die vor allem der Verbesserung der Badeanlagen dienten, wurde die Pal├Ąstra um 100 n. Chr. aufgelassen, als auch die Ephebeia an Bedeutung verlor

    1997 Travel! Adventure! Romance! Imaginative Fiction in the Classical World

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    An examination of romanic adventure novels of the Hellenistic period, including Leucippe and Cleitophon by Achilles Tatius and Aethiopika (or Chariklea) by Heliodorus

    An Iron Age II tomb with Phoenician items at Khirbet Bir el-Kharayib, Central Palestine

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    In 2017, during a salvage excavation carried out by the Department of Antiquities and Cultural Heritage of Palestine, an Iron Age shaft tomb close to the site of Khirbet Bir el-Kharayib in Central Palestine came to light. The funerary equipment of the tomb goes within the Iron Age IIA pottery tradition. Vessels of this period primarily consist of Red Slip Ware bowls and juglets, Black Slip Ware juglets, Simple Ware jars, jugs and juglets, and Cooking Ware pots. A Bichrome Ware jug, a bronze bowl and a zoomorphic figurine complete the funerary set

    Chronological evolution and problems of plates and bowls during hellenistic period

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    Bu ├žal─▒sman─▒n konusunu Hellenistik D├Ânem tabak ve kaseleri olusturmaktad─▒r. K─▒ta Yunanistan, Anadolu ve yak─▒n merkezlerin incelenmesiyle, Hellenistik d├Ânem tabak ve kaselerinin kronolojik gelisimlerini verebilmeyi, bu gelisme ─▒s─▒g─▒nda ortaya ├ž─▒kt─▒klar─▒ merkezlere g├Âre bir degerlendirme yapmay─▒, ├╝retimlerinde g├Âr├╝len benzerlik ve farkl─▒l─▒klar─▒ ortaya ├ž─▒kararak da form ve bezeme gelisimi hakk─▒nda bilgi edinmeyi ama├žlad─▒k. Sonu├ž olarak Hellenistik D├Ânem tabak ve kaselerinin degisik ├╝retim merkezlerinde farkl─▒ tarihlerde baslang─▒├ž g├Âsterdiklerini s├Âylemek m├╝mk├╝nd├╝r. K─▒ta Yunanistan'da Attika seramiginin ithal edilmeye baslanmas─▒yla beraber, taklitlerinin ├╝retilmeye basland─▒g─▒, Attika prototiplerinden t├╝reyen yerel kaplar─▒n gelistigi ancak yerel ├╝retimlerin artmas─▒yla beraber de seramikteki kalitede, form ve bezemede belirgin bir bozulma oldugu g├Âzlenmistir. The subject of this study is consists of the plates and bowls of Hellenistic period. We aimed that to evaluate the adornment and form evolution of plates and bowls by finding out similarities and differences according to their excavations and origins, during Hellenistic period by investigating in Continent of Greece and Anatolia. Consequently, it is possible to apprise that Hellenistic period dishes and bowls originate form different production centers at different times. Herewith importing of Attica ceramic in Continent of Greece, their imitations were made, local bowls that originated from prototypes of Attica ceramic were improved. Moreover, quality loss, obvious form and adornment deformations were observed by over local production these ceramics
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