3,347 research outputs found

    Feminist Literary Criticism and Lysistrata

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    Feminist Literary Criticism and the Author

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    In the course of this essay I wish to reopen the (never fully closed) question of whether it is advisable to speak of the author, or of what Foucault calls the author function, when querying a text, and I wish to reopen it precisely at the site where feminist criticism and post-structuralism are presently engaged in dialogue. Here in particular we might expect that reasons for rejecting author erasure would appear. However, theoretically informed feminist critics have recently found themselves tempted to agree with Barthes, Foucault, and the Edward Said of Beginnings that the authorial presence is best set aside in order to liberate the text for multiple uses. I wish to examine the ways in which feminist critics have moved away from what some would call the old-fashioned assumption that what we do when we read is try to decipher the intentions of the text in terms of what we assume to be the author\u27s deepest self. I also wish to make a further argument for reanimating the author, preserving author-function not only in terms of reception theory, as Foucault would seem at one point to advocate, but also in terms of a politics of author recognition

    To Be or Not To Be (a Man): Is That the Question? Men and/in Feminist Literary Criticism

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    [Abstract] While the question of men and/in feminism has long been subject to different (and often opposed) views and opinions, the more specific issue of men in feminist literary criticism remains largely unexplored. Nevertheless, the question of men in feminism is not exactly the same as the question of men in feminist literary criticism. As Toril Moi indicates, “while the latter is an interesting and relevant problem in its own right, it is strange, to say the least, not to find a single discussion of the difference between these two questions.” This paper thus sets out to address the particular subject of men and/in feminist literary criticism. While acknowledging the diversities within –and disagreements between– male and female feminisms, it posits that men can and should get involved in feminist literary theory, arguing that (female) feminism could be widened and enriched by new male feminist critical perspectives

    CITRA PEREMPUAN DALAM CERPEN KAMBOJA DI ATAS NISAN KARYA HERMAN RN: KAJIAN KRITIK SASTRA FEMINIS

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    This study aimed to describe texts that discussing about the image of women in the short story Kamboja di Atas Nisan karya Herman R.N by using a feminist literary criticism approach. The data of study are texts of the short story Kamboja di Atas Nisan karya Herman R.N. The data are collected through reading and noting. They are analysed by using the qualitative descriptive technique with reference to feminist literary criticism. The results of research shows that the image of women in the short story Kamboja di Atas Nisan are: 1) women's rights in education; 2) the struggle of a mother; 3) the struggle of Kamboja; and 4) the task of a woman in the view of men. In addition, the results of the study indicates that the image of women found in the short story Kamboja di Atas Nisan was in line with the view of feminist literary criticism aimed to obtain a just and equal position and role between women and men in society

    Is Feminist Literary Criticism Becoming Anti-Feminist?

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    Review of Feminist Literary Criticism: Explorations in Theory

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    FEMINIST LITERARY CRITICISM: EXPLORATIONS IN THEORY, edited by Josephine Donovan (The University Press of Kentucky, 1975.) 81 pp. Five essays never before published plus the editor\u27s brief preface and afterword, this slim volume is a useful addition to the growing shelf of feminist criticism

    Kedudukan Perempuan Bali yang Tercermin dalam Novel Tarian Bumi dan Tempurung Karya Oka Rusmini: sebuah Kritik Feminis

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    The aim of this research are to describe notch of Bali's woman in sociality, sexuality, and economy from the novel and how the implementation of Learning in university. The method used is a descriptive with qualitative form. The research approach is feminist literary criticism. The source of data in this research are Tarian Bumi and Tempurung Novel. The woman notch in sociality on the two of novel show the woman notch to be subordinated, exploited, and dominated. The woman notch in sexuality show a exploited to woman body. The woman notch in economy show the woman has dominated of family economy woman haven't rights of family inheritance. Based on the implementation of learning, the result of woman notch on novel can be learning material on the Study Program of Indonesian Language and Literary, on third semester, Courses of Literary Criticism with Feminist Literary Criticism

    Into the Millenium: Feminist Literary Criticism

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    Este ensayo examina la interesante crítica literaria feminista de las últimas décadas. Siguiendo el significativo cambio desde la ginocrítica hasta teorías de la diferencia más complejas, el artículo explora y contextualiza las estrategias críticas más recientes examinando una selección de ejemplos transculturales. 1985 vio la publicación de dos libros importantes: The Norton Anthology of Literature by Women, y la traducción inglesa de This Sex which Is not One (Luce Irigaray), que subrayó el impacto del feminismo francés y de la écriture féminine en la crítica feminista. En las décadas siguientes, una re-evaluación más inclusiva de la diferencia fue la empresa que emprendieron críticas literarias asiáticas, negras e hispanas. Y la problematización de la diferencia genérica fue el tema principal que trataron teóricas “queer” y lesbianas. El ensayo termina reflexionando sobre el futuro de la crítica literaria feminista en el próximo milenio.This paper examines the exciting work of feminist literary criticism in the last decades. Tracing the significant shift from gynocriticism to more complex theories of difference, the paper surveys and contextualizes these newer critical strategies by examining a selection of cross- cultural examples. 1985 witnessed the publication of two important books: The Norton Anthology of Literature by Women, and the English translation of Luce Irigary’s This Sex which Is not One, which highlighted the impact of French feminism and ecriture feminine on feminist criticism. In the decades which followed a more inclusive reassessment of difference was the undertaking of Asian, Black and Hispanic literary critics. And the problematization of gender difference was the radical theme of lesbian and queer theorists. The paper ends with reflections on what the future will be for feminist literary criticism in the millennium by examining models of current practice

    Pendekatan Sosiologi Feminis dalam Kajian Sastra

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    Pendekatan sosiologi sastra adalah salah satu pendekatan yang sering dipakai di dalam kajian sastra di Indonesia sejak Sapardi Djoko Damono memperkenalkannya di dunia kritik sastra Indonesia pada tahun 1978. Akan tetapi, di dalam praktik penerapan pendekatan sosiologi sastra di Indonesia terkini ada anggapan bahwa sosiologi sastra tidak cocok dengan kritik sastra feminis meski sudah jamak diketahui bahwa feminisme tidak bisa lepas dari konstruk sosial dan praktik patriarki di dalam masyarakat. Artikel ini hendak menunjukkan bahwa pendekatan sosiologi sastra dalam bentuk sosiologi feminis dengan kritik sastra feminis tidak saling kontradiktif. Artikel ini adalah artikel ulasan pustaka sistematik. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan metode pembacaan cermat ekstensif terhadap literatur yang bertautan dengan sosiologi sastra, sosiologi feminis, dan kritik sastra feminis. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat dinyatakan bahwa pendekatan sosiologi feminis dalam kajian sastra setidaknya dapat diterapkan melalui agenda pembacaan, dengan pembacaan anakronistik, atas kerja pemasaran dan pengusungan, atas situasi aktivitas pembaca, dan berdasarkan situasi dan kesadaran pengarang. Praktik-praktik ini sejatinya praktik yang dilakukan di dalam kritik sastra feminis. Artikel ini menunjukkan bahwa pendekatan sosiologi dalam rupa sosiologi feminis dengan kritik sastra feminis pada dasarnya tidak saling bertentangan sebab keduanya berasal dari feminisme.Sociology of literature is widely used in Indonesian literary criticism since its introduction in 1978 by Sapardi Djoko Damono. However, there is a doubt in recent Indonesian literary criticism to accept feminist literary criticism in some way as part of sociology of literature whilst it is already that feminism deals with social construct and patriarchy practice in society. This article aims to show that sociology of literature in the form of feminist sociology and feminist literary criticism are not contradictory as one claims. This is a systematic literature review. The method of collecting data is extensive close reading on sociology of literature, feminist sociology, and feminist literary criticism. Based on the extensive close reading, there are at least five models can be used in feminist sociologal approach: through reading agenda, using anachronistic reading, on the marketing strategy and endorsement, on the situation of the readers’ activity, and based on writer’s situation and consciousness. This article shows that feminist sociological approach in literature and feminist literary criticism are not in conflict as the two come from feminism.

    Digital Novels: A Recycled Advertisement about the Old Social Construction of Women’s Identity

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    21st-century digital novels, accessible through mobile apps like Webnovel, Dreame, and Play Books, commonly depict women characters as powerless, impoverished stepdaughters or illegitimate children. These prevalent themes in digital novels often reinforce patriarchal norms and present themes of fathers' financial struggles and indebtedness to wealthy families resulted to contract marriage or planned marriage. Employing the approach of feminist literary criticism, this study aims to examine how these novels uphold antiquated perceptions of women's identity. Through the reading strategy of feminist literary criticism is revealed that these digital novels represented the old construction about women identity, perpetuating the idea that women are powerless and financially dependent on men. From the setting of the novel, we know that the offered themes were not only occurred in eastern culture but also in western culture. They depict women as inanimate objects, lacking agency and voice. The narratives promote patriarchy by portraying male power and oppression as protection, often emphasizing material wealth. This notion is strategically disseminated through digital novels, targeting the millennial generation who have easy access to digital media. Consequently, younger women may internalize these ideas and accept their subjugated role. Instead, digital novels should empower women to navigate patriarchal constraints and depict men who respect and support women's autonomy, challenging traditional gender norms. While the study employs feminist literary criticism as the reading strategy, it's important to acknowledge that different theoretical frameworks or approaches may provide alternative interpretations of the novels. Recognizing the limitations and potential biases of the chosen methodology could lead to a more balanced analysis
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