155,652 research outputs found

    Enhancing the environmental sustainability of IT

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    Emerging technologies for learning report - Article exploring green I

    Environmental sustainability

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    Presented at Ground water and surface water under stress: competition, interaction, solutions: a USCID water management conference on October 25-28, 2006 in Boise, Idaho.Includes bibliographical references.A study was conducted on a large-scale irrigated area located in southern Italy to analyze the cumulative effects of long-term water management practices on soils and aquifers. Assessing the environmental sustainability of irrigation systems operations was the main goal of the present research. This included envisaging feasible changes to "business-as-usual" in the study area with the aim of reducing pressures and of meeting current and future management objectives. The Determinants-Pressure-State-Impact-Response methodology suggested by the European Environmental Agency was applied to the case study to analyze cause-effect relationships between driving forces, pressures and potential impacts. Simulations of alternatives in water management and evaluation of resulting consequences were conducted by developing a spatial Decision Support System (DSS) on the study area. This basically involved development and ranking of alternatives by using a commercial software package (DEFINITE DSS). Evaluation of the most likely resulting consequences was conducted by creating maps of environmental risk by means of two commercial GIS software packages (ArcGIS and IDRISI). The used approach showed its usefulness for achieving better understanding of relevant aspects related to management of irrigation water at regional scale, for designing strategic monitoring programs to be implemented and for envisaging feasible management alternatives on large-scale irrigation systems

    Relationship between accounting benefits and ERP user satisfaction in the context of the fourth industrial revolution

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    The importance of corporate social responsibility is shaping investment decisions and entrepreneurial actions in diverse perspectives. The rapid growth of SMEs has tremendous impacts on the environment. Nonetheless, the economic emergence plan of Cameroon has prompted government support of SMEs through diverse projects. This saw economic growth increased to 3.8% and unemployment dropped to 4.3% caused by the expansion of private sector investments. The dilemma that necessitated this study is the response strategy of SMEs operators towards environmental sustainability. This study, thus seeks to examine the effects of entrepreneurial intentions and actions on environmental sustainability. The research is a conclusive case study design supported by the philosophical underpins of objectivism ontology and positivism epistemology. Data was sourced from four hundred (400) SMEs operators purposively sampled from the Centre and Littoral regions of Cameroon using structured questionnaire. Data was analysed using the Structural Equation Modelling technique with the aid of statistical packages including: SPSS 24 and AMOS 23. The study revealed that entrepreneurial action has weak positive statistical significant impacts on environmental sustainability; whereas entrepreneurial intention has strong positive statistical significant effects on environmental sustainability. Entrepreneurial intention comprised of self-efficacy and perceived control whereas, entrepreneurial actions involved entrepreneurial alertness and uncertainty. This study concludes that entrepreneurs in Cameroon have sustainable intentions to protect the environment but; the current actions taken are inadequate. This research recommends that entrepreneurs should enhance efforts toward attaining the state of genuine sustainabilit

    The Impact of Entrepreneurial Intentions & Actions on Environmental Sustainability: The Case of SMEs in Cameroon.

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    The importance of corporate social responsibility is shaping investment decisions and entrepreneurial actions in diverse perspectives. The rapid growth of SMEs has tremendous impacts on the environment. Nonetheless, the economic emergence plan of Cameroon has prompted government support of SMEs through diverse projects. This saw economic growth increased to 3.8% and unemployment dropped to 4.3% caused by the expansion of private sector investments. The dilemma that necessitated this study is the response strategy of SMEs operators towards environmental sustainability. This study, thus seeks to examine the effects of entrepreneurial intentions and actions on environmental sustainability. The research is a conclusive case study design supported by the philosophical underpins of objectivism ontology and positivism epistemology. Data was sourced from four hundred (400) SMEs operators purposively sampled from the Centre and Littoral regions of Cameroon using structured questionnaire. Data was analysed using the Structural Equation Modelling technique with the aid of statistical packages including: SPSS 24 and AMOS 23. The study revealed that entrepreneurial action has weak positive statistical significant impacts on environmental sustainability; whereas entrepreneurial intention has strong positive statistical significant effects on environmental sustainability. Entrepreneurial intention comprised of self-efficacy and perceived control whereas, entrepreneurial actions involved entrepreneurial alertness and uncertainty. This study concludes that entrepreneurs in Cameroon have sustainable intentions to protect the environment but; the current actions taken are inadequate. This research recommends that entrepreneurs should enhance efforts toward attaining the state of genuine sustainabilit

    The role of ICT in assuring environmental sustainability

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    Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) affect the environment both positively and negatively at various levels. At the most direct level, production, use and disposal of IT equipment is becoming a serious environmental concern. While by many measures the impacts of automobiles are much larger than those of computers, the short lifespan, chemically intensive production processes and content of toxic materials in a computer imply it has a significant environmental impact. There is much that is being done to deal with these issues, such as recently passed EU legislation mandating takeback and recycling systems for electronic goods. Much remains murky, however, about the scope and nature of the problems involved and what should be the appropriate response. There is thus much useful work to be done to realize environmentally friendly computers. When you are citing the document, use the following link http://essuir.sumdu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/839

    Environmental Sustainability and the Hospitality Customer Experience: A Study in Tourist Accommodation

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    Academic research on sustainability in the hospitality industry is scarce and fragmented, and requires a general structure to lend coherence to its approach. There is a need for empirical research to fathom the question of environmental sustainability and customer experience in the hospitality industry and to study the interaction between the two concepts. This paper aims to close these gaps by establishing the nature of the relationship between customers’ perceptions of the environmental practices in tourism accommodation and their customer experiences and levels of satisfaction. The working hypotheses, based on a review of the literature on environmental sustainability and customer experience in the hospitality industry, are tested in an empirical study of 412 Spanish customers who stayed in various types of tourist accommodation. The main conclusion is that the relationship between environmental sustainability and customer experience in the hospitality industry can be demonstrated. This paper also validates a measurement scale based on the most accepted dimensionality of the construct: cognitive (think), affective (feel), behavioral (act), sensory (sense) and social (relate)

    Financing SD: Country Undertakings and Rights for Environmental Sustainability

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    The paper proposes a global mechanism to finance and promote sustainable development (SD) that is multinational, provides incentives for rich and poor countries to promote SD, incorporates the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and links incentives and funding for SD to structural benchmarks and performance targets. The mechanism would operate as a large fund into which rich countries would pay based on their level of population, per capita income and change in an individual or composite measure of environmental sustainability. The approach offers a number of features that make it a superior mechanism to the Global Environmental Facility (GEF). Receipts from the funds, called Country Undertakings and Rights for Environmental Sustainability (CURES), would be made to poor countries based on their population, per capita income and absolute level of environmental sustainability. To illustrate the mechanism, Genuine Savings (GS) is used as a measure of environmental sustainability and country contributions and payments from a $10 billion annual fund are calculated and compared. The control of Indonesian forest fires is used as an example where CURES could be used to fund initiatives that could generate very large global benefits.sustainable development, environmental performance, genuine savings

    Environmental sustainability and financial performance of SMEs

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    This paper focuses on the relationship between environmental sustainability and the financial performance of SMEs in terms of profit development and revenue development. The analysis uses a unique dataset of 337 Dutch and Chinese firms. The results suggest a significant positive association between environmental sustainability and firm performance. It appears, however, that different indicators of environmental sustainability display a distinct relationship with the two performance measures. When firms have a policy on the re-usage of materials they perform significantly better in terms of profit development and when firms have a policy on the reduction of pollution they perform significantly better in terms of revenue development. Furthermore, we also find that firms that communicate to their employees about their sustainability efforts perform better in terms of profit development. Finally, weak support is found for a moderating effect of communication to employees on the positive relationship between sustainability and profit development.

    China and India.s Development Strategies: Lessons for Developing Countries

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    Development, Industrial Policy, Environmental Sustainability
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