678 research outputs found

    Les sites web des communes françaises: marketing, communication et démarche participative des habitants. Application aux communes du département de la Loire

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    Le réseau des réseaux est devenu un support marketing sur lequel les organisations se doivent d'être présentes. Les communes développent donc des sites sur internet qui ont des objectifs contextuels différents. L'étude de 15 sites de communes du département de la Loire montre en effet que les collectivités locales utilisent le web pour se positionner, voire se différencier.Marketing – Démarche participative – Communication - Managementpublic local - Positionnement

    Le management public local au regard de la spécificité territoriale française

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    L'histoire et la culture sont à l'origine de la singularité de la situation locale française. Ce particularisme exige des décideurs locaux des réponses et mesures adaptées. Le recours systématique au partenariat, la réorganisation de la prise de décision, et le partage des rôles entre élus et fonctionnaires semblent consacrer l'émergence du management public local français.Management public, fonction publique territoriale, prise de décision

    Silence for Orchestra: Incorporating Silence in Musical Language through Theories of Expectation

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    The purpose of Silence: for Orchestra is to incorporate silence as a captivating source of musical language. Silence\u27s goal is to encourage the audience to appreciate silence as musch as music. David Huron\u27s research in musical expectations served as a guide to create a piece that develops, contradicts, and conforms to a listener\u27s expectations. Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis\u27s work describes five functions of silence found in music. These functions can be applied to the silences used in my piece in order to further conform to the listener\u27s expectations

    David Huron, Sweet Anticipation: Music and the Psychology of Expectation

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    review of David Huron's "Sweet Anticipation: Music and the Psychology of Expectation". Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2006. ISBN-10: 0-262-08345-0; ISBN-13: 978-0-262-08345-4 (hardcover) $40.00This review is written from a musician’s perspective. A second review (EMR000024a), written from a cognitive psychologist’s point of view, may be found on pp. 67-70 of this issue

    The Prolactin Theory of Sad-Music Enjoyment is Wrong.

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    Música e mente: fundamentos da musicologia cognitiva

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    Resumo: Esta foi a primeira de um ciclo de seis palestras ministradas pelo Prof. David Huron na Universidade da Califórnia, Berkeley/EUA, em 1999. Nela, o Prof. Huron traça um panorama dos fundamentos da musicologia cognitiva, apresentando: 1) um breve histórico da disciplina desde suas origens, a partir da revolução cognitiva e da psicologia da música; 2) suas características definidoras e seus principais desafios. Em seguida, o autor trata de um tema fundamental para a musicologia cognitiva: representações mentais da música. Para isso, o Prof. Huron lança mão de exemplos de pesquisas desenvolvidas por ele e por outros autores. A palestra finaliza defendendo uma proposta que fundamenta a musicologia cognitiva: a interação entre o estudo dos aspectos biológicos e culturais da música. David Huron é professor na Ohio State University e sua atuação como pesquisador envolve os campos da cognição musical, da música computacional e da musicologia sistemática. Palavras-chave: musicologia cognitiva; psicologia da música; representação mental; esquemas percptivos

    Commentary on "Asynchronous Preparation of Tonally Fused Intervals in Polyphonic Music" by David Huron

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    In his most recent contribution to an important and well-framed series of papers on auditory grouping and the perception of polyphonic music, David Huron seeks further evidence for his working hypothesis that J.S. Bach controls the employment of perfect consonances by desynchronizing their onsets, thereby inhibiting the perceptual fusion of polyphonic voices. However the more novel contribution of the present study would seem to be its demonstration that Bach also regulates the employment of dissonant tones by consistently desynchronizing their onsets. This finding provides the first concrete evidence for Wright and Bregman’s otherwise untested hypothesis that the control and salience of dissonance in polyphonic music are closely related to principles of auditory stream segregation (Wright, 1986; Wright & Bregman, 1987)

    Music Cultures: SEMPRE Conference Proceedings

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    To celebrate Hull as the UK's City of Culture in 2017, the School of Drama, Music and Screen hosted a 3-day International Interdisciplinary Conference based on the overarching theme of ‘Musical Cultures’. The conference featured keynote addresses by Professor David Huron (Ohio State University, USA), Professor Patricia Shehan-Campbell (University of Washington, USA), Professors Mine Dogantan-Dack (University of Oxford, UK) and Daniel Leech Wilkinson (King’s College, London, UK). The event included spoken presentations, poster sessions, performance sessions, composition workshops, and concerts by local and international ensembles, including the University of Hull’s Associate Artists, The Berkeley Ensemble. SEMPRE’s 2017 Aubrey Hickman Award was given at this conference in recognition of a paper that offers a significant and previously unpublished contribution to the knowledge and understanding of music education or music psychology

    Fitness and Musical Taste: Do Physically Fit Listeners Prefer More Stressful Music?

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    Research suggests that person-based dispositional factors, as well as properties of the music, influence a person's musical taste. In this study, we examined the possibility that the interaction between the stressfulness of the music and a listener's capacity for handling stress contributes to that listener's musical preferences. The key prediction relating fitness to musical preference is that the stressfulness of the music should tend to reflect the person's capacity for handling stress, including his or her physical fitness. The study method made use of an online questionnaire to assess physical fitness, impulsivity and sensation-seeking tendencies, and musical preferences. To create an independent index for estimating musical stressfulness, a parallel study was conducted, where an independent group of judges assessed the stressfulness of the music identified by participants in the main study. The stressfulness of the music was predicted using the survey-based dispositional factors in two regression models, where sex, current age, education, current fitness, and age at the time of musical preference were found to predict the stressfulness of the preferred music. The results suggest that males, younger participants, people with fewer years of education, and those who are more physically fit tend to prefer more stressful music

    Comparison of Word Intelligibility in Spoken and Sung Phrases

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    Twenty listeners were exposed to spoken and sung passages in English produced by three trained vocalists. Passages included representative words extracted from a large database of vocal lyrics, including both popular and classical repertoires. Target words were set within spoken or sung carrier phrases. Sung carrier phrases were selected from classical vocal melodies. Roughly a quarter of all words sung by an unaccompanied soloist were misheard. Sung passages showed a seven-fold decrease in intelligibility compared with their spoken counterparts. The perceptual mistakes occurring with vowels replicate previous studies showing the centralization of vowels. Significant confusions are also evident for consonants, especially voiced stops and nasals
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