3,577 research outputs found

    Geopolítica, (de)colonialidad e identidad : la conciencia dividida de Rubén Darío / Geopolitics, (De)coloniality and Identity: the Divided Consciousness of Rubén Darío

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    In this article, I analyze Rubén Darío?s essays, chronicles, and newspaper articles through the framework of the coloniality of power and the coloniality of knowledge developed by Aníbal Quijano among others. I argue that reading his political writings, we observe a subject with a divided consciousness. On one hand, Darío repro-duces Eurocentric thinking that characterizes coloniality and, on the other hand, he criticizes and questions such paradigm. To support my argument, I use the geopolitical divisions ?East/West? and ?North/South? in order to trace the Nicaraguan poet?s concerns and thoughts regarding Europe and the United States. In other words, I examine from where Darío thinks and how his positions align with or deviate from coloniality and de-coloniality.Keywords: Rubén Darío, Coloniality of Power, Coloniality of Knowledge, De-coloniality, Geopolitics, Divided Consciousnes

    On colonial blind spots, ego-politics of knowledge and 'Universal Reason'

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    This paper examines the notion of death as a philosophical and counter-hegemonic subject ‘erased’ from the imperialist cartography of knowledge. It revolves around three main points: the ‘loss’ of death from the imperialist epistemology of the global North, its subservient position towards the dominance of life in biopolitical discourses, and the instrumentality of death under the ongoing matrix of colonial/capitalist power. The paper challenges the hegemonic rationality of biopolitical discourses while proposing counter-hegemonic alternatives: they are hereby mainly situated in the critique of sovereignty exemplified by Achille Mbembe’s groundbreaking work on the politics of death. In what serves as an attempt to avert our gaze from the dominant viewpoint of epistemic imperialism, the paper invites us to ‘unlearn’ what we are supposed to be proud of. As a way to engage in the decolonizing processes, it pleads for self-liberation from the forms of knowledge that, in their claim to be ‘universal’, continue to pertain to the imperialist reason and its hegemonic matrix of power

    Kittens in the Oven: Race Relations, Traumatic Memory, and the Search for Identity in Julia Alvarez’s \u3cem\u3eHow the García Girls Lost Their Accents\u3c/em\u3e

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    The search for an ever-elusive home is a thread that runs throughout much literature by authors who have immigrated to the United States. Dominican authors are particularly susceptible to this search for a home because “for many Dominicans, home is synonymous with political and/or economic repression and is all too often a point of departure on a journey of survival” (Bonilla 200). This “journey of survival” is a direct reference to the dictatorship of Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina, who controlled the Dominican Republic from 1930-1961. The pain and trauma that Trujillo inflicted upon virtually everyone associated with the Dominican Republic during this era is still heartbreakingly apparent, and perhaps nowhere is that trauma more thoroughly illustrated than in the literature of Julia Alvarez. Alvarez is a prime example of an author who utilizes narrative in a clear attempt to come to grips with lingering traumatic memories. After her father’s role in an attempt to overthrow the dictator is revealed, Alvarez’s family is forced to flee the Dominican Republic as political exiles, and a sense of displacement has haunted her since. Because both the Dominican Republic and the United States are extraordinary racially charged, concepts of home and identity are inextricably bound to race relations in much of Alvarez’s art. Using theoretical concepts drawn from the fields of trauma studies and Black cultural studies, this essay examines Alvarez’s debut novel in order to illustrate the myriad ways in which culture, politics, and race converge and speak through each other, largely in the form of traumas that can irreparably alter one’s sense of home, voice, and identity

    How does the Labour of Women Unveil the Coloniality of Power? An Anthropological Context of the RMG (Readymade Garments) Workers of Bangladesh

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    The readymade garments workers in Bangladesh are the most important persons in the economy of Bangladesh Without their contribution we have not got the status of a middleincome country There is a distinct similarity between the garment s workers and slavery in terms of the long work hours wage gap and curbing human rights This research is focused on the relation between power and labor in the garment factory So this paper is based on the theory of Coloniality of Power by Anibal Quijano 2000 It is investigating how the labourers have become modern slaves how they are being treated and how their flesh and blood are used to bear the practice of colonialism This paper concludes with some recommendations for stopping this practic

    Coloniality of power and international students experience: what are the ethical responsibilities of social work and human service educators?

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    This article explores theoretical responses to the living structures of dominance and subordination within modern postcolonial societies, highlighting racialised international students’ experiences within Australian universities. Drawing on coloniality of power and border thinking, it seeks to address ethical responsibilities for social work and human service educators from the author’s positioning as a non-Western immigrant ‘Other’, and experience of belonging as an educator of future social work and human service practitioners in Australia. Utilising autoethnographic and qualitative study, the article offers great insight into the systemic nature of discrimination in Australian tertiary education institutions. It suggests a need for critical, self-reflexive awareness about the legacies of colonialism and hegemonic whiteness to permeate social work and human service profession and education. This article, thus, enables decolonising minds, securing informed understanding, and initiating a shift in the way non-white (and non-Western) racialised international social work students are seen, constructed, and understood in contemporary Australian (Western) societies

    Tracing the Socioeconomic, the Cultural and the Political in Latin American Postcolonial Theory

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    It is far from obvious which theories are the most promising ones for the task of critically addressing interdependent inequalities in Latin America as well as global forms of inequality that affect Latin American countries. In this working paper, I look at Latin American postcolonial theories in this respect. Following Nancy Fraser’s analytic distinction of socioeconomic, cultural and political aspects of injustice, and affirmative as well as transformative remedies against them, I undertake a two-sided operation. In a first step, I use Fraser’s framework to shed light on the accounts of inequality that we can gain from the work of Aníbal Quijano, María Lugones and Walter Mignolo. In a second step, I tease out in which ways these accounts transcend and thus challenge the framework used on them