31,882 research outputs found

    New frontiers and applications of attachment theory

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    Editoriale dell'E-Book internazionale di cui l'autrice \ue8 Topic Editor, introduce e commenta lo stato dell'arte sull'attaccament

    Attachment Theory and Maternal Drug Addiction: The Contribution to\ua0Parenting interventions.

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    Children\u2019s emotional and relational development can be negatively influenced bymaternal substance abuse, particularly through a dysfunctional caregiving environment. Attachment Theory offers a privileged framework to analyze how drug addiction can affect the quality of adult attachment style, parenting attitudes and behaviors toward the child, and how it can have a detrimental effect on the co-construction of the attachment bond by the mother and the infant. Several studies, as a matter of fact, have identified a prevalence of insecure patterns among drug-abusing mothers and their children. Many interventions for mothers with Substance Use Disorders have focused on enhancing parental skills, but they have often overlooked the emotional and relational features of the mother\u2013infant bond. Instead, in recent years, a number of protocols have been developed in order to strengthen the relationship between drug-abusing mothers and their children, drawing lessons from Attachment Theory. The present study reviews the literature on the adult and infant attachment style in the context of drug addiction, describing currently available treatment programs that address parenting and specifically focus on the mother\u2013infant bond, relying on Attachment Theory

    Medically unexplained symptoms and attachment theory: The BodyMind Approach

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    © 2019 Payne and Brooks. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.This article discusses how The BodyMind Approach ® (TBMA) addresses insecure attachment styles in medically unexplained symptoms (MUS). Insecure attachment styles are associated with adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and MUS (Adshead and Guthrie, 2015) and affect sufferers' capacity to self-manage. The article goes on to make a new hypothesis to account for TBMA's effectiveness (Payne and Brooks, 2017), that is, it addresses insecure attachment styles, which may be present in some MUS sufferers, leading to their capacity to self-manage. Three insecure attachment styles (dismissive, pre-occupied and fearful) associated with MUS are discussed. TBMA is described and explanations provided of how TBMA has been specifically designed to support people's insecure attachment styles. Three key concepts to support insecure attachment styles involved in the content of TBMA are identified and debated: (a) emotional regulation; (b) safety; and (c) bodymindfulness. There is a rationale for the design of TBMA as opposed to psychological interventions for this population. The programme's structure, facilitation and content, takes account of the three insecure attachment styles above. Examples of how TBMA works with their specific characteristics are presented. TBMA has been tested and found to be effective during delivery in the United Kingdom National Health Service (NHS). Improved self-management has potential to reduce costs for the NHS and in General Practitioner time and resources.Peer reviewe

    Lack of trust in maternal support is associated with negative interpretations of ambiguous maternal behavior

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    Attachment theory assumes that children who lack trust in maternal availability for support are more inclined to interpret maternal behavior in congruence with their expectation that mother will remain unavailable for support. To provide the first test of this assumption, early adolescents (9-13 years old) were asked to assess whether ambiguous interactions with mother should be interpreted in a positive or a negative way. In our sample (n = 322), results showed that early adolescents' lack of trust in their mother's availability for support was related to more negative interpretations of maternal behavior. The associations remained significant after controlling for depressive mood. The importance of these findings for our understanding of attachment theory, attachment stability, and clinical practice are discussed

    Masculinities, Attachment Theory and Transformative Learning: A Discussion of Some Theoretical Considerations for Developing an Emotionally Secure Teaching Praxis

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    This paper situates education as an integral component of the overall prison rehabilitation process. The article discusses how an educational practitioner\u27s knowledge of attachment theory and masculinities can be utilized to develop a secure methodological teaching environment in the classroom of a prison education unit and create a space where transformative learning can take place. The link between attachment theory and the social and institutional composition of masculinities are considered for their influence on perceptions and concepts of the masculine self and masculine identity in general. The practitioner who is cognizant of these issues has the potential to develop secure methodological frameworks that focus on creating a nurturing learning environment that has the potential to provide students with a space to safely reflect, examine and potentially transform their learning experiences and thus their sense of self

    Attachment Theory, Pastoral Ministry and Health: a Teaching Case Application

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    The Ultimatum Game and Expected Utility Maximization – In View of Attachment Theory

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    In this paper we import a mainstream psycholgical theory, known as attachment theory, into economics and show the implications of this theory for economic behavior by individuals in the ultimatum bargaining game. Attachment theory examines the psychological tendency to seek proximity to another person, to feel secure when that person is present, and to feel anxious when that person is absent. An individual's attachment style can be classified along two-dimensional axes, one representing attachment "avoidance" and one representing attachment "anxiety". Avoidant people generally feel discomfort when being close to others, have trouble trusting people and distance themselves from intimate or revealing situations. Anxious people have a fear of abandonment and of not being loved. Utilizing attachment theory, we evaluate the connection between attachment types and economic decision making, and find that in an Ultimatum Game both proposers' and responders' behavior can be explained by their attachment styles, as explained by the theory. We believe this theory has implications for economic behavior in different settings, such as negotiations, in general, and more specifically, may help explain behavior, and perhaps even anomalies, in other experimental settings.Attachment Theory, Experimental Economics, Behavioral Economics, Ultimatum Game, Psychology and Economics

    Addiction and attachment : mental health clinicians\u27 use of attachment theory in the treatment of substance use disorders

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    This study explores mental health clinicians\u27 use of attachment theory in the treatment of substance use disorders (SUDs). There are many quantitative studies that show a correlation between substance use and insecure attachment style, yet there is little research that looks at whether or how mental health clinicians are using attachment theory in treatment or the possible benefits and limitations of its use. This is a qualitative study that sampled ten mental health clinicians to see if and how attachment theory is used in treating SUDs. It also explored the benefits and limitations of using attachment theory in the treatment of SUDs. Participants\u27 responses reveal that all participants held a general understanding of attachment theory and all except one participant did not deliberately consider attachment theory in the treatment process. However, all participants spoke to considering attachment-style in the treatment process. Evidenced-Based Practices (EBPs) were cited as one of the most common treatment approaches. Overall, attachment theory shows a utility in treatment, however, it should be used in conjunction with other treatment approaches and models as the study also shows its limitations for use. Also, the study reveals the need for future studies to look at treatment outcomes of the use of attachment theory in the treatment of SUDs

    Tracing the storyline from parent to child : insights into improved family therapy : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Education in Guidance Counselling at Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand

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    The effects of the application of attachment theory and classification measurements to family therapy was examined in order to judge its contribution to family therapy. A narrative case study analysis of attachment relationships was conducted of the first three counselling sessions with five solo mothers of European-origin seeking assistance with their children's behaviour. The Adult Attachment Interview (George, Kaplan & Main, 1985) was a vital component of the application of adult attachment concepts within a family therapy setting. The results of the interview formed the basis for assessment of intergenerational transmission of attachment relationships, and the client's ability or readiness to be in a therapeutic relationship. This approach helped the therapist better understand the clients' conceptualisation of intimate relationships in order to more accurately address dysfunctional habits of relating. The findings suggest that the integration of attachment theory into traditional family therapy methods can greatly enhance the therapist's understanding of historical causes of the presenting problem. This enriched understanding can point to more comprehensive therapeutic interventions, which will contribute to fundamental and lasting improvements in family relations

    Parenting, Attachment Theory, and God

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    Have you ever stopped to consider how experiences in your childhood may have impacted your perceptions of God? Posting about ­­­­­­­­the importance of the parent-child relationship from In All Things - an online journal for critical reflection on faith, culture, art, and every ordinary-yet-graced square inch of God’s creation. https://inallthings.org/parenting-attachment-theory-and-god
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