165 research outputs found

    (No. 26) -- Puppy Mills, Pet Shops and Breeders Add to Pet Surplus

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    Puppy mills, pet shops and breeders add to pet surplus The commercial pet trade (Dalton B. Byerly) Dog and cat breeding as a source of animal overpopulation (Edward Newman) Humane slaughter in foreign plants exporting meat products to the United States Progress and prospects for laboratory animals New Director of Field Services Injunction against use of live rabbits for training greyhounds in Florida Our apologies to Mr. Stephen Byr

    Special Report on Animal Overpopulation: Breeding Surplus Dogs and Cats Causes Suffering

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    Overbreeding has created a surplus of nearly 50 million dogs and cats. These animals are unwanted and homeless. Some of them--the lucky ones--will get a quick, merciful death at humane society shelters. Most, however, haven\u27t even the hope of being reached and protected from suffering in the 3,000 or more communities without humane societies. Instead, they roam the country--starving, thirsting, suffering from disease and injury. This is suffering on a massive scale. Many factors contribute to it. Commercial interests like pet shops, for example, are partly to blame in suggesting there is money in breeding puppies and kittens. Veterinarians who charge high fees for spaying female animals and altering males are partly at fault. But most of the blame lies with misguided animal lovers and humane societies that adopt out unneutered dogs and cats

    A Mandatory Spay/Neuter Ordinance in San Francisco: The Solution to San Francisco’s Other Homeless Problem

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    This Capstone explains the dog overpopulation problem in San Francisco where the increase in dog impoundments and animal cruelty cases, particularly ones involving dogs, has been straining its Department of Animal Care & Control’s already limited resources. At least 33 local governments around the United States have implemented mandatory spay/neuter laws for all dogs as a way to curb dog overpopulation. This Capstone argues for San Francisco to adopt a similar mandatory spay/neuter law, in which all dogs over the age of six months must be spayed or neutered, with certain exceptions. This will relieve the strain on Animal Care & Control, save the City money, and decrease pain, suffering, and even death among San Francisco’s dog population. Not only is spaying and neutering crucial to reducing the population of unwanted dogs, but it also has many health, behavioral, and societal benefits. This Capstone analyzes the arguments for and against mandatory spay/neuter laws and ultimately argues that such laws should be mandatory. It provides an analysis of shelter data from two municipalities—Clark County, Nevada, and Los Angeles County, California—that have implemented mandatory spay/neuter laws, which reveals that recent dog intake and euthanasia rates are the lowest they have been in the past two decades, indicating that these laws are successful at reducing the unwanted dog population. This Capstone then outlines details of a mandatory spay/neuter law that would be ideal for San Francisco

    Crisis in Our Shelters: A Proposal

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    The Golden Retriever Rule: Alaska’s Identity Privilege for Animal Adoption Agencies and for Adoptive Animal Owners

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    Sedan 1900-talets mitt har anvÀndandet av tegelkonstruktioner i bostadsbyggandet minskat kraftigt; materialet har under modernismen upplevts otidsenligt och byggnadssÀttet har ansetts ineffektivt. Trots att kanalmurstekniken, som Àr en byggteknik med bÀrande tegelkonstruktion och högt isoleringsvÀrde, togs fram pÄ 1930-talet för att följa hÄrdare energihushÄllningskrav, har ÀndÄ lÀtta trÀregelkonstruktioner dominerat det svenska smÄhusbyggandet. Kraven pÄ energihushÄllning har under Ären ökat successivt och livscykelanalysen (LCA) har utvecklats. LCA Àr en metodik som analyserar produkters eller tjÀnsters klimatbelastning ur livscykelperspektiv. SvÄrigheter har dock funnits i att omsÀtta metodiken pÄ större komponenter Àn enskilda material. DÀrför har europastandarder tagits fram som enkom tjÀnar till att systematisera livscykelanalyser av hela byggnader och de kommer att följas i denna studie. Syftet med examensarbetet Àr att jÀmföra hur ett typhus med tegel som stommaterial belastar miljön under produktion och drift i en livscykel satt till 100 Är, jÀmfört med ett motsvarande trÀtyphus. Till tegelhusets nackdel talar den höga energiÄtgÄngen vid materialframstÀllningen. TrÀ Ä sin sida löper stor risk för förkortad livscykel i och med riskerna för fuktskador. För att undersöka skillnaderna i trÀ- och tegelkonstruktioner har en typhusritning i kanalmurskonstruktion analyserats mot en motsvarande trÀkonstruktion, dÀr byggnadstyperna har samma boarea och vÀggkonstruktionerna samma vÀrmemotstÄnd. För att fÄ fram husens skillnad energiÄtgÄng under driftskedet har energibehovsberÀkningar utförts för byggnaderna. Livscykelanalysen har utförts i programvaran Anavitor utifrÄn 3D-modeller med byggnadsinformation som matchas mot en materialdatabas med livscykeldata. Ur jÀmförelsen har resultat kunnat hÀmtas pÄ vilken av konstruktionerna som belastar miljön minst över livscykeln, med avseende pÄ klimatbelastning rÀknat i koldioxidekvivalenter. Resultat visar att ett tegelhus belastar miljön dubbelt sÄ mycket som ett trÀhus i produktionsfasen medan tegelhuset Àr miljövÀnligare avseende underhÄll och drift. Efter 100 Är Àr skillnaden 7,3 ton koldioxidekvivalenter, till trÀhusets fördel. Enligt livscykelanalysen har byggnaderna, enligt de antaganden som gjorts, belastat miljön lika efter 168 Är. Till tegelhusets fördel talar dess sÀkerhet gÀllande livslÀngd, bestÀndighet, fuktsÀkerhet och goda möjlighet till Äterbruk av stommaterialet.Since the mid-1900s has brick building marginalized; the material has in the modernist era been experienced as dated and the construction method considered inefficient. In the 1930s the canal wall technique were developed to meet the coming stringent energy requirements. Despite opportunities to meet modern building norms have yet lightweight timber structures dominated the Swedish construction sector concerning single-family houses since then. The requirements for energy conservation have increased over the years to an even greater degree, and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) has been developed; a methodology that analyzes products from a life cycle perspective. There have been difficulties to put the methodology on larger components than individual materials. Therefore, European Standards have been developed that specifically serve to systematize Life Cycle Assessments of entire buildings, which will be followed in this study. The purpose of this study is to compare which impact a standard house with brick structure has a on the environment in a lifecycle set to 100 years, compared with a corresponding timber structure. To the disadvantage for a brick house speaks the high energy consumption in material production. Timber structures at their part are at high risk for shortened life cycle due to risk of moisture damage. To examine the differences in wood and brick structures has a standard house drawing in canal wall technique been analyzed against a corresponding wooden construction. The building types have the same floor area and the wall constructions have the same heat resistance. To receive the differences in energy use during the operational phase between the buildings has energy calculations been made. The life cycle analysis has been performed in the software Anavitor based on 3D models with building information that is matched against a database of materials life cycle data. The results from the comparison are measured in terms of carbon dioxide equivalents, and will show which construction type will make least impact on the environment. Results show that a brick house has doubled environmental impact compared to a wooden house in the production phase. The brick house is a better alternative concerning environmental impact during operational phase and maintenance. After 100 years, the difference is 7,3 tons of carbon dioxide equivalents to the advantage of the wooden house. According to the LCA and the assumptions made, the buildings have charged the environment equally after 168 years. To the advantage of the brick house speaks its longevity, durability, moisture resistance and good opportunity for reuse of the bricks

    MWRO Fall 2001

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    New Native Nation program MWRO responds to Iowa flood Horse owners join in disaster plan Halt Hog Factories campaign (Amy Suarez) What you can d

    “I don’t want the responsibility:” The moral implications of avoiding dependency relations with companion animals

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    I argue that humans have moral relationships with dogs and cats that they could adopt, but do not. The obligations of those of us who refrain from incurring particular relationships with dogs and cats are correlative with the power of persons with what Jean Harvey calls “interactive power,” the power to take the initiative in and direct the course of a relationship. I connect Harvey’s points about interactive power to my application of Eva Kittay’s “dependency critique,” to show that those of us who refrain from incurring particular relationships of dependency rely on caregivers in our communities and regions to fulfill the moral and social demands that an abundance of unowned companionable animals makes on the community
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