4 research outputs found

    Refined Analysis of the Asymptotic Complexity of the Number Field Sieve

    Get PDF
    The classical heuristic complexity of the Number Field Sieve (NFS) is the solution of an optimization problem that involves an unknown function, usually noted o(1)o(1) and called ξ(N)\xi(N) throughout this paper, which tends to zero as the entry NN grows. The aim of this paper is to find optimal asymptotic choices of the parameters of NFS as NN grows, in order to minimize its heuristic asymptotic computational cost. This amounts to minimizing a function of the parameters of NFS bound together by a non-linear constraint. We provide precise asymptotic estimates of the minimizers of this optimization problem, which yield refined formulas for the asymptotic complexity of NFS. One of the main outcomes of this analysis is that ξ(N)\xi(N) has a very slow rate of convergence: We prove that it is equivalent to 4logloglogN/(3loglogN)4{\log}{\log}{\log}\,N/(3{\log}{\log}\,N). Moreover, ξ(N)\xi(N) has an unpredictable behavior for practical estimates of the complexity. Indeed, we provide an asymptotic series expansion of ξ\xi and numerical experiments indicate that this series starts converging only for N>exp(exp(25))N>\exp(\exp(25)), far beyond the practical range of NFS. This raises doubts on the relevance of NFS running time estimates that are based on setting ξ=0\xi=0 in the asymptotic formula.Comment: Accepted for publication in Mathematical Cryptolog