891,596 research outputs found

    Risk Factors of Diarrhoea in Malnourished Children Under Age of 5 Years

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    Background: Acute infectious enteritis remains one of the commonest causes of death among infants and children in developing countries. Acute enteritis is defined as a loss of stool consistency with pasty or liquid stools, and/or an increase in stool frequency to more than three stools in 24 hours with or without fever or vomiting. Human survival depends on the secretion and reabsorption of fluid and electrolytes in the intestinal tract. The objective of the study is to evaluate the risk factors of diarrhoea in children under age of 5 years. Methodology: It was an observational study. Study was completed in about six months. Non-probability purposive sampling technique was used. In this study, 270 samples were taken from Diarrheal ward of The Children Hospital Lahore, Pakistan. Results: In this study, out of 270 patients, 58.52% were males and 41.48% were females. 90.37% patients were vaccinated. 54.81% had weaning history. 91.85% patients had feeding history. 29.26% had blood in stool. 96.67% patients were dehydrated. 95.56% patients had loose watery diarrhoea. 62.96% patients used boiled water. 58.52% patients consumed less than half litre of water, 30.00% patients consumed 1 litre of water and 11.48% patients consumed > 1 litre of water. 49.18% patients had proper hygiene. 38.15% mothers of patients were well educated. 40.37% patients had model household condition. 57.41% patients lived in rural area and 42.59% patients lived in urban area. Conclusion: The variation in the level of diarrheal morbidity was well explained by maternal education, income, personal hygiene, refuse disposal system and the effect of health extension programme

    Impact of prescribed fire in soil properties after 5-years: experimental study.

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    Wildfires are a serious problem in areas with a Mediterranean climate owing to the hot summers and drought conditions providing perfect conditions for wildfire, especially when there are large amounts of fuel accumulation and continuity between forested areas. In the Mediterranean, high severity fires that spread rapidly are common and difficult to be extinguished. Thus, the identification of tools to reduce fire spread and minimize their incidence and effects is crucial. Preventive forestry is a good tool for achieving forest structures with lower amounts of fuel and a greater resistance to fire. Prescribed fire is the planned use of fire under predetermined weather, fuel and topographic parameters to achieve clearly defined objectives as controlling fire regimes by managing fuel, counteracting the disappearance of biomass-consuming land management practices and reducing the overall fire risk. Normally, prescribed fires are low intensity fires and, if managed adequately, do not cause any damage to trees, especially in Mediterranean ecosystems where trees are resilient to fire. Besides, prescribed fires usually have different impacts on soils, water resources, biodiversity, the risk-reduction of wildfires and carbon storage. Prescribed fires usually are of low/moderate severity. Because of this, the effects of prescribed fires on soils properties may vary from one site to another. The objectives of our study are to: i) determine the impact of the prescribed fire just after and ii) 5-years later with respect to natural conditions. To do this, in 2011, a prescribed fire was conducted in one experimental area of Mediterranean rangeland. After the fire, soil samples (0-5 cm of depth) were taken in burned and unburned plots in order to analyse: pH, electrical conductivity (EC), soil organic carbon, cationic exchangeable capacity (CEC), aggregate stability (AS), and hydrophobicity. The results indicated that: i) prescribed fire only had significantly effects in CEC just after the fire; 5-years after, there were no significant differences between the unburned and burned plots, but two soil properties significantly changed when burned soil samples from 2016 and 2011 were compared: EC and AS in the fraction of 0.053-0.125 mm. In general, the soil properties were not substantially modified by the prescribed fire, supporting the idea it is a very useful tool with very low impact for managing Mediterranean rangelands in order to reduce fuel accumulation and fire risk.Universidad de Málaga. Campus de Excelencia Internacional Andalucía Tech

    Westfield 5 years on

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    Sometimes It Takes 5 Years

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    The Last 5 Years (2015)

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    https://thekeep.eiu.edu/productions_2010s/1071/thumbnail.jp

    Catalogue: Workspace Program - 5 Years

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    This catalogue features majorly five parts: (1) cover page, (2) exhibition introduction, (3) an catalogue article by Laurance Wieder, (4) artists works, and (5) list of artists and credits page. (Jerry Wu\u2723).https://digital.kenyon.edu/zhoudocs/1105/thumbnail.jp

    Serendipitous UV source catalogues for 10 years of XMM and 5 years of Swift

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    Two UV serendipitous source catalogues are presented which were compiled based on the observations with two similar UV telescopes, one being on-board the ESA’s XMM Newton observatory and another—on-board the NASA’s Swift satellite. Both telescopes have similar optical and registration systems providing photometry in three ultraviolet and three visible bands. After processing a 10 years long series of observations from XMM and 5 years from Swift, we have compiled two source catalogues containing more than 4 million sources for XMM and 6 million sources for Swift. We describe the processing algorithms and present catalogue characteristics in comparison with each other
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