The Spatial Risk of Assault on Police Officers in Toronto, Ontario


Since September 12th, 2022, nine police officers in Canada have been fatally assaulted in the line of duty. These officer deaths raise important questions concerning the nature of risks police face on duty, as well as the ways we can better understand those risks. Utilizing a Risk Terrain Modelling (RTM) approach, this study examined the risk of assault to police officers in Toronto, Ontario using Assault to Peace Officer data from January 1st, 2022, to December 31st, 2022. This study revealed that the risk of assault to police varies by the physical features present in each Division of the Toronto Police Service. Specifically, 7 features of the physical environment were found to increase risk of assault to police, with locations with high previous rates of robbery posing the most consistent risk. The resulting output provides The Toronto Police Service and policymakers with information and suggestions on how to utilize RTM methods to improve the safety of officers on-duty

Similar works

This paper was published in Scholarship@Western.

Having an issue?

Is data on this page outdated, violates copyrights or anything else? Report the problem now and we will take corresponding actions after reviewing your request.