Leadership behaviour styles and the UAE municipalities employees motivation through entrepreneurial mindset

Abstract

The United Arab Emirates is looking to be one of the highly effective countries in the world. Therefore,creating programs to enhance a leader's capabilities and monitoring their progress can be beneficial for the overall effectiveness of a government and its leadership. Excellence awards can also serve as incentives and recognition for those who demonstrate outstanding performance. UAE organisations follow different leadership behaviour styles which are impactful on their performance standard. The UAE municipalities suffer from low employee motivation, which attributes to the leadership behaviour styles. This research aims to examine the impact of four leadership behaviour styles: directive style, supportive style, participative style, and achievement-oriented style. These four leadership behaviour styles are retrieved from the Path goal theory, which considers the employee motivation determinants by the expectancy theory. The association between the leadership behaviour styles suggested by the Path-Goal Theory primarily emphasizes leadership behaviors and their impact on employee motivation, it may not explicitly address certain factors like the entrepreneurial mindset, which stands on the thinking that enables the employee to overcome challenges, be decisive, and accept responsibility.The mediation effect of the entrepreneurial mindset factor is tested by this research to fill this gap and contributes significantly to the body of leadership behaviour styles knowledge. The study also validates the proposed conceptual framework using a structural equation modelling, then uses smart PLS with the data collected from 341 employees from the UAE municipalities to test the constructed hypotheses of this research. The finding of this research revealed a positive and significant relationship between achievement-oriented style and employee motivation in the municipalities of the UAE, a positive and significant relationship between entrepreneurial mindset and employee motivation in the municipalities of the UAE, a positive and significant relationship between participative style and employee motivation in the municipalities of the UAE, and positive and significant relationship between supportive style and employee motivation in the municipalities of the UAE. With regard to the mediation effect of the entrepreneurial mindset factor, there was a mediation of entrepreneurial mindset for the relationship between directive style and employee motivation, no mediation of entrepreneurial mindset for the relationship between achievement-oriented style and employee motivation, no mediation of entrepreneurial mindset for the relationship between participative style and employee motivation, and no mediation of entrepreneurial mindset for the relationship between supportive style and employee motivation. It is important for the employees to be appreciated verbally or in writing for their activities in the municipalities, to increase their powers and responsibilities and provide training and career development opportunities. All of these are the main leadership behaviour styles and motivational factors that provide employees with psychological and social support rather than just economic benefit.This research will add to the body of information regarding leadership behaviour styles in the Full Range Leadership behaviour styles Model by determining the preferred leadership behaviour styles in the municipal public sector from the employees' perspective. It can be stated that psycho-social motivation ties employees more. The findings can assist managers in determining which type of leadership behaviour styles is most suitable in terms of outcomes, as well as how they can adjust their leadership behaviour styles to make them more successful and result-oriented

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Last time updated on 14/02/2024

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