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Event-by-event multiplicity fluctuations in Pb-Pb collisions in ALICE

Abstract

Fluctuations of various observables in heavy-ion collisions at ultra-relativistic energies have been extensively studied as they provide important signals regarding the formation of a Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP). Because of the large number of produced particles in each event, a detailed study of event-by-event multiplicity fluctuations has been proposed as one of the signatures of the phase transition. In addition, the understanding of multiplicity fluctuations is essential for other event-by-event measurements. In the present work, we have calculated the scaled variance (ωch=σ2/μ\omega_{\rm ch}=\sigma^{\rm 2} / \mu) of the charged-particle multiplicity distributions as a function of centrality in Pb-Pb collisions at LHC energies. Here, μ\mu and σ\sigma denote the mean and the width of the multiplicity distributions, respectively. The trend of scaled variances as a function of centrality is presented and discussed. Volume fluctuations play an important role while measuring the multiplicity fluctuations, which are also discussed. The results are expected to provide vital input to theoretical model calculations.Fluctuations of various observables in heavy-ion collisions at ultra-relativistic energies have been extensively studied as they provide important signals regarding the formation of a Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP). Because of the large number of produced particles in each event, a detailed study of event-by-event multiplicity fluctuations has been proposed as one of the signatures of the phase transition. In addition, the understanding of multiplicity fluctuations is essential for other event-by-event measurements. In the present work, we have calculated the scaled variance (ωch=σ2/μ\omega_{\rm ch}=\sigma^{\rm 2} / \mu) of the charged-particle multiplicity distributions as a function of centrality in Pb-Pb collisions at LHC energies. Here, μ\mu and σ\sigma denote the mean and the width of the multiplicity distributions, respectively. The trend of scaled variances as a function of centrality is presented and discussed. Volume fluctuations play an important role while measuring the multiplicity fluctuations, which are also discussed. The results are expected to provide vital input to theoretical model calculations

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Last time updated on 09/08/2016

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