WIC Community Spill-Over: Access to WIC-authorized Stores and Child Consumption Behaviors

Abstract

abstract: Background: Stores authorized by the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) have been shown to improve the community food environments of lower-income areas by stocking healthy food items in accordance with the program’s food package guidelines. Whether greater access to WIC-authorized stores is associated with improvements in diet among children from WIC and non-WIC households is not well understood. Methods: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data collected in 2009-2010 and 2014 for the New Jersey Child Health Study (NJCHS). Surveys from 2,211 urban households with 3-18-year-old children. Counts of WIC stores near children’s homes determined through geo-coding of store and household addresses using roadway network distances of 0.5 and 1.0 mile. Children’s consumption was categorized in age-specific deciles of quantities consumed for each food category examined: fruits, vegetables, sugar from sugar-sweetened beverages, total added sugars. Associations between counts of WIC stores and children’s consumption were examined, first for the full sample, then by household WIC participation. Results: No significant associations between WIC store counts near children’s homes and consumption were observed in the overall sample at any distance. A small, but significant inverse relationship was seen in total added sugar consumption among children residing in WIC households only, with each additional WIC store within a 0.5 mile roadway network associated with a 0.24-decile lower consumption (p = .047). In age-stratified exploratory analysis, higher vegetable (p = .024) and combined fruits and vegetables (p = .006) consumption were seen in the under 5 age group only. Conclusions: Living close to more WIC-authorized stores was associated with healthier consumption, but only for a subset of children and only for a few food categories examined. Lack of a consistent pattern of healthier consumption among children suggests that access to WIC stores may have a positive, albeit limited impact on children’s diets.Dissertation/ThesisMasters Thesis Nutrition 202

Similar works

Full text

thumbnail-image

ASU Digital Repository

redirect
Last time updated on 08/04/2021

This paper was published in ASU Digital Repository.

Having an issue?

Is data on this page outdated, violates copyrights or anything else? Report the problem now and we will take corresponding actions after reviewing your request.