Daya Proteksi Ekstrak Kulit Jeruk Purut (Citrus hystrix) terhadap Nyamuk Demam berdarah = Protection Capacity of Kaffir Lime (Citrus hystrix) Peel Extract Against Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever Mosquitoes

Abstract

The use of chemicals as mosquitos repellent may cause health problems. Extract of caffir lime (Citrus hystrix) as mosquitoes can be used as another option.The present study was aimed to analyze the protection capacity of C. hystrix against Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus. The experimental study using completely randomized design was done. The obtained data were calculated using the protection capacity fomlUla and analyzedusing t-test. Theresult indicated thatprotection capacityof Citrushystrix extract for 6 hours on average gave 34.82% of protection against Ae. aegypti and 41,44% of Ae. albopictus.The caffir lime extract has been able to reject the mosquitoes, Ae. aegypti andAe. albopictus. Although the thrust of the caffir lime isnot as good as chemical products, butit can be used as alternative mosquitoesrepellent. Penggunaan bahan kimia sebagai bahan penolak (repellent) nyamuk dapat menimbulkan masalah kesehatan. Ekstrak kulitjeruk purut (Citrus hystrix) sebagai repellent nyamuk dapat digunakan sebagai pilihan lain. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisa kemampuan daya proteksi ekstrak kulit jeruk purut terhadap nyamuk Ae. aegypti dan Ae. albopictus. Penelitian eksperimental dengan metode rancangan acak lengkap selesai dilakukan. Datayang diperoleh dihitung menggunakan rumus daya proteksi dan dianalisis menggunakan uji beda. Hasilnya menunjukkan, bahwa ekstrak kulit jeruk purut (Citrus hystrix) selama 6 jam memberikan proteksi rata-rata 34,82% dan 41,44%, masing-masing terhadap Ae. Aegypti danAe. albopictus. Ekstrak kulit jeruk purut mampu menolak nyamukAe. aegypti maupunAe. albopictus. Meskipun kemampuan daya tolak kulit jeruk ini tidak sebaikbahan kimia, namun dapat dijadikanbahan alternatifpenolak nyamuk

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This paper was published in UGM Journals, OAI Repository.

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