Repository landing page

We are not able to resolve this OAI Identifier to the repository landing page. If you are the repository manager for this record, please head to the Dashboard and adjust the settings.

Cytotoxic, Antitumour and Antimetastatic Activity of Two New Polyacetylenes Isolated from Vernonia scorpioides (Lam.) Pers

Abstract

Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)Vernonia scorpioides (Lam.) Pers., popularly known as Enxuga, Erva-de-SAo SimAo and Piraca, has been used in folk medicine for its anti-inflammatory, wound healing and antimicrobial properties. Two polyacetylenes, 5-octa-2,4,6-triynyl-furan-2(5H)-one (1) and 8-hydroxy 3-4 dihydrovernoniyne (2), were isolated from the dichloromethane extract fraction of V.scorpioides. In this study, polyacetylene 1 demonstrated a more potent cytotoxic activity than 2 in the tumour cell lines examined, and cytotoxicity was found to be comparable to a commercial drug (p>0.05) in melanoma cells. No significant cytotoxic effect was observed in normal cell lines. Furthermore, polyacetylene 1 induced an in vitro increase in caspase-3 activity in B16F10 cells. When polyacetylene 1 was administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) in mice, a reduction in solid tumour volume and metastasis was observed in mice injected with B16F10 cells. An increase in locomotor activity was also observed in mice with solid tumours, and an inhibition of mechanical hypersensitivity was observed in a mouse model of metastasis. Notably, no significant morphological change was observed in several organs harvested from the treated mice. In conclusion, in vitro and in vivo anticancer activity of polyacetylene 1 was consistently observed and involved the induction of apoptosis by the activation of caspase-3. The anticancer activity demonstrated by polyacetylene 1, together with the absence of preliminary toxicological effects, represents a new and interesting option for the management of neoplastic disease.1135307315Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)Fundacao de Apoio a Pesquisa Cientofica e Tecnologica do Estado de Santa Catarina (FAPESC)Pro-Reitoria de Pesquisa, Pos-Graduacao, Extensao e Cultura of the Universidade do Vale do Itajai (ProP-PEC/UNIVALI), BrazilConselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES

Similar works

Full text

thumbnail-image

Repositorio da Producao Cientifica e Intelectual da Unicamp

redirect
Last time updated on 10/04/2020

Having an issue?

Is data on this page outdated, violates copyrights or anything else? Report the problem now and we will take corresponding actions after reviewing your request.