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De Lanson à teoria do campo literário

Abstract

O texto efetua um balanço histórico dos estudos literários franceses pelo prisma de suas principais correntes e autores: a abordagem da Escola de Genebra, que concebia o ato crítico como encontro entre a consciência crítica e o projeto criativo; a proposta sartriana de explicar a especificidade das obras literárias pelos condicionamentos sociais e psicológicos; o estruturalismo genético de L. Goldmann, cujo conceito explicador da literatura era o grupo social; a teoria das formas literárias, que pretendia isolar o texto como forma de seu contexto; a crítica genética, voltada para a dinâmica do processo criativo pelo estudo dos manuscritos; a teoria do campo literário de Bourdieu, que restaura a autonomia da literatura como fato social com base na lógica interna do campo.The article addresses a historical state of the art concerning the French literary studies, stressing its main trends and authors: the Geneva school approach, that conceived the critical act as encounter between the critical conscience and the creative project; the Sartre proposal to explain features of the literary works through social and psychological constraints; L. Goldmann's genetic structuralism, whose explaining concept about literature was the social group; the theory of literary forms which intended to isolate the text as form from its context; the genetic criticism, focusing the dynamics of the creative process based in the study of manuscripts; Bourdieu's theory of literary field, that recovers the autonomy of literature as a social fact embedded within the internal design and logic of the field

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Last time updated on 17/12/2014

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