Controlled synthesis of mesoporous carbon modified by tungsten carbides as an improved electrocatalyst support for the oxygen reduction reaction


Mesoporous carbon was modified with tungsten carbides by the carbothermal hydrogen reduction of a layer of chemisorbed 1:12 phosphotungstic anions (PW12O403-) on carbon surfaces. Depending on the temperature of carbothermal treatment, different tungsten species, i.e., W, W2C, WC, were formed on the carbon matrix. No significant changes in both surface areas and mesostructures were observed during the formation of various tungsten species on carbon surfaces under high-temperature conditions. A uniform dispersion of Pt nanoparticles (1-6 nm) can be achieved via nanoconfinement on the surfaces of both mesoporous carbon and tungsten carbide-modified mesoporous carbon. Pt nanoparticles supported on mesoporous carbons modified with tungsten carbide (Pt/WC-C) exhibit enhanced electrocatalytic activities relative to the control, in which mesoporous carbons without carbide modification were directly used as a support (Pt/C). In addition, both enhanced thermal stability and good electrochemical stability were observed for the Pt/WC-C electrocatalyst. Published by Elsevier B.V

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oai:ir.nimte.ac.cn/:174433/401Last time updated on 1/22/2018

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