p. 907-913This paper deals with the arrival of freedom at the world of structures giving birth a new
generation of forms: the free forms. Its purpose is to analyze, to discuss and to comment
critically this singular fact as well as their implications on the designers' task. It is more a
philosophical than a technical paper.
For centuries man has imagined new forms for their structures but he has not been always able to analyze and to build them. Before the arrival of the electronic calculus, the
representation and analysis of structural forms could be limited to those ones belonging to
the Euclidean Geometry. The computers broke those limitations and they gave wide
freedom to the designers to conceive a new generation of forms; these new forms were
called "free forms".
Nowadays any form imagined can be represented, it can be analyzed and it can be built.
Nevertheless not any imagined form can become a structural free form. Perhaps it could be a beautiful sculptural form, but not necessarily a structural one. For being a structural form, the inescapable laws of the mechanics must be satisfied. Moreover a structural free form can become an architectural free form just only when aesthetical, functional, environmental and social requirements, among others, are accomplished.
Freedom has widened the horizons of creativity for the designers' task. Simultaneously new responsibilities have come altogether with this freedom. Today free form designers face permanent challenges; designers must be familiar with the menus of new and multiple tools created by the modern technology and they must be trained to make the right use of them.
They must handle those wide menus in order to select the most appropriated options to
generate, to model and to analyze the new free forms. At the same time they must select the most appropriated new materials and techniques to build these free forms. Finally, designer must be fully conscious of the high impact of their engineering and architectural works on the people and physical environment without forgetting their commitment to the society.Andres, OA. (2010). About the freedom of free forms. Editorial Universitat Politècnica de València. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/695