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Abstract

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with poorer health, yet pathways through which IPV affects either mental or physical health are not well characterized. Methods Structural equation modeling was used to test a model in which physical-IPV and battering were considered as separate independent variables. The sample included 191 women currently experiencing either physical IPV or battering. Emotional support provided to women experiencing IPV was hypothesized to mediate the impact of IPV on current mental and physical health (dependent variables). Results Higher scores on emotional support were associated with better physical (β = −0.23, P < 0.01) and mental health (β = −0.27, P < 0.001). Physical IPV was directly associated with poorer mental health (β =.023, P < 0.01) and indirectly associated with poorer physical health (β = 0.18, P < 0.001) and mental health (β = −0.04, P < 0.05), primarily through battering. Higher battering scores were directly associated with less emotional support (β = −0.33, P < 0.001) and indirectly associated with poorer physical (β = 0.12, P < 0.01) and mental health (β = 0.09, P < 0.01), primarily through emotional support. Model diagnostics indicated a good fit (χ2

Topics: Spouse abuse, Violence, Social support, Health, Modeling Article
Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.451.9458
Provided by: CiteSeerX
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