Location of Repository

Of the earthquake and other stories: the continuity of change in Pakistan-administered Kashmir

By Miguel Loureiro

Abstract

On October 8th 2005 the villages surrounding Chinati bazaar in Bagh district of\ud Pakistani-administered Kashmir (PaK) were hit by an earthquake measuring 7.6 on the\ud Richter scale that affected the lives of more than 3.5 million people in PaK and Khyber\ud Pukhtunkhwa. In this thesis I attempt to understand, through the stories and narratives\ud of the people of Chinati bazaar, how they lived through, made sense of, and dealt with\ud the earthquake and its aftermath. I use participant observation and conversations to tell\ud the stories of those affected by the earthquake in their own voices as much as possible.\ud The storytellers of the bazaar lived through two types of events: the earthquake itself\ud and the post-earthquake rehabilitation and reconstruction process. The latter brought\ud with it both positive and negative impacts: if, on the one hand, it brought progress and a\ud new hope that life could be ‘Built Back Better’, on the other hand, it brought a different\ud type of suffering – one that led to a loss of honour and dignity, resulted in social\ud upheavals, and led to the exclusion and marginalization of certain groups. In this thesis I\ud focus on both these ‘events’.\ud \ud Through these stories I build an argument about post-disaster discourses of change. I\ud argue that while the narratives of the storytellers of Chinati bazaar posit the earthquake\ud as a point of rupture in their confabulated stories, from which the collective memory of\ud the bazaar dates its movement towards becoming modern and global, these changes\ud have their origins instead in ‘bigger’ stories of modernisation and globalisation that predate\ud the earthquake and that highlight and emphasise more continuous processes of\ud change that have been occurring over a longer period of time. In this thesis I analyse\ud how these two competing discourses of rupture and dramatic change on the one hand,\ud and slow, continuous change on the other, play out in the lives of the storytellers of\ud Chinati Bazaar

Topics: DS401, DS485.K27, GF051, QE0521
Year: 2012
OAI identifier: oai:sro.sussex.ac.uk:43284

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (2010). (eds) Power and Influence in India: bosses, lords and captains. doi
  2. (1997). (eds) Social Suffering. doi
  3. (1884). A Dictionary of Urdu, Classical Hindi, doi
  4. (2003). A Different Jihad: Dalit Muslims' challenge to Ashraf hegemony.
  5. (1995). A Field of One's Own: gender and land rights in South Asia. Cambridge, Cambridge South Asian Studies. doi
  6. (1873). A Gazetteer of Kashmir and the Adjacent Districts of Kishtwar,
  7. (1847). A History of the Reigning Family of Lahore: with some account of the Jummoo Rajahs, the Seik soldiers and their
  8. (1957). A Natural Science of Society. doi
  9. (1960). A Punjabi Village in Pakistan. doi
  10. (2005). A Social Science Research Agenda for the Disasters of the 21 st Century: theoretical, methodological and empirical issues and their professional implementation, in: R. Perry and E. Quarantelli (eds) What is a Disaster? New answers to old questions.
  11. (1999). After Atlas Shrugs: cultural change or persistence after a disaster, in: Oliver-Smith
  12. (2000). Agricultural Census doi
  13. (2011). AJK elections: Clan loyalty matters more than manifesto. The Express Tribune.
  14. (1996). Anthropological Research on Hazards and Disasters. doi
  15. (2005). Anthropology and Development: the uneasy relationship, doi
  16. (1999). Anthropology and the Angry Earth: an overview, in: Oliver-Smith
  17. (2008). Anthropology is Not Ethnography. doi
  18. (1994). At risk: natural hazards, people's vulnerability, and disasters. doi
  19. (2009). Azad Kashmir at a Glance.
  20. (1990). Azad Kashmir Statistical Yearbook.
  21. (2008). Bagh Regrows: earthquake survivors as catalysts of community and personal reconstruction.
  22. (1988). Bargaining with Patriarchy. doi
  23. (2011). Blame Narratives and Religious Reason in the Aftermath of the 2001 Gujarat Earthquake. South Asia: doi
  24. (2006). Bringing Electoral Politics to the Doorstep: who gains who loses? Decentralisation Task Force Meeting of the Initiative for Policy Dialogue (IPD).
  25. (2007). Buzzwords and Fuzzwords: deconstructing development discourse. doi
  26. (1979). Caste and Kinship in Kangra. doi
  27. (2008). Caste Politics Destroying Birmingham Politics, claims Councillor.
  28. (1993). Caste: the emergence of the South Asian social system. doi
  29. (2001). Castes of Mind: colonialism and the making of modern India. doi
  30. (1996). Charred Lullabies: chapters in an anthropology of violence. doi
  31. (2004). Cheap Calls: The social glue of migrant transnationalism. doi
  32. (1977). Class and Power in a Punjabi Village. doi
  33. (2006). Collective Action, Common Property, and Social Capital in South India: an anthropological commentary. doi
  34. (2004). Community-based and -driven Development: a critical review. The World Bank Research Observer doi
  35. (2002). Community-based Targeting Mechanisms for Social Safety Nets: a critical review. doi
  36. Conflicting Models of Risk: clinical genetics and British Pakistanis, in: P. Caplan (ed) Risk Revisited. London,
  37. (2010). Context-bound Islamic theodicies: the tsunami as supernatural retribution vs. natural catastrophe in Southern Thailand. doi
  38. (1990). Conversations in Colombia: the domestic economy in life and text. Cambridge, doi
  39. (2000). Corruption as Everyday Practice: the public-private divide in local Indian society. doi
  40. (1995). Critical Events: an anthropological perspective on contemporary India. doi
  41. (2005). Cultivating Development: ethnography of aid policy and practice. London, doi
  42. (2000). Cultures of Consultancy. doi
  43. (2002). Danger and the No-Risk Thesis, in: S. Hoffman and A. Oliver-Smith (eds) Catastrophe and Culture: the anthropology of disaster.
  44. (1954). Danger in Kashmir. doi
  45. (2009). Deconstructing and Reconstructing ‘Muslim Women’ Through Women’s Narratives. doi
  46. (1980). Development Azad Jammu and Kashmir
  47. (1987). Disasters and Social Change, in: doi
  48. (1993). Disasters and Social Change: consequences for community action and affect.
  49. District Profile,
  50. (1999). Dominant Daughters-in-Law and Submissive Mothers-in-Law? Cooperation and conflict in South India. doi
  51. (2007). Earthquake 8/10: learning from Pakistan's experience.
  52. Earthquake Data Base.
  53. (2005). Earthquake: preliminary damage and needs assessment. Islamabad, Asian Development Bank.
  54. (1981). Engendered Structures: some problems in the analysis of reproduction, in:
  55. ERRA (2006a). FAQs on Rural Housing Reconstruction Program.
  56. et al (2004). At Risk: natural hazards, people's vulnerability and disasters (2 nd ed). doi
  57. et al (2005). Seeing the State: governance and governmentality in India. Cambridge, doi
  58. et al (2010). Beyond risk management: Vulnerability, social protection and citizenship in Pakistan. doi
  59. et al (2010). Targeting Vulnerability after the 2005 Earthquake: Pakistan's Livelihood Support Cash Grants programme. doi
  60. (2005). Existential Anthropology: events, exigencies and effects. doi
  61. (1999). Expectations of Modernity: myths and meanings of urban life on the Zambian copperbelt. doi
  62. (1970). Explorations into the Kin-Networks of the Punjabi Society: A Preliminary Statement. doi
  63. (2003). Extension Through Women's Community Development Groups: a case study of female extension assistants in Azad Jammu & Kashmir.
  64. (1979). Family and Household: The Analysis of Domestic Groups. doi
  65. (2007). Family Systems: perceptions of elderly patients and their attendants presenting at a university hospital in Karachi,
  66. (2000). Fertility Status of Cultivated Land doi
  67. (1979). Frogs in a Well: Indian women in purdah. London, doi
  68. (2007). From the Margins to the Mainstream? Disaster research at the crossroads. doi
  69. (1996). Frontier Perspectives: essays in comparative anthropology. Karachi,
  70. Gender Policy for Earthquake Affected Areas.
  71. (1994). Gender, Headship and Intrahousehold Resource Allocation. doi
  72. (1998). Gender, Participation and the Politics of Difference, in: doi
  73. (1999). Gender, Symbolism and Praxis: theoretical approaches, in:
  74. (1994). Gifts, Favors, and Banquets: the art of social relationships in China. doi
  75. (1995). Global Migrants, Local Lives: travel and transformation in rural Bangladesh. doi
  76. (2005). Govt to Provide a New Home in Place of Each Home Razed in Earthquake:
  77. (2001). H.I.E.S.: Household Integrated Economic Survey. Islamabad, Federal Bureau of Statistics,
  78. (1990). Hazarawal: formation and structure of district ethnicity,
  79. (1991). Hierarchy and Difference: an introduction, in: D. Gupta (ed) Social Stratification. New Delhi,
  80. (1992). Households and Gender Relations: the modelling of the economy, in: S. Ortiz and S. Lees (eds) Understanding Economic Process. London,
  81. (1981). Households as Natural Units, in:
  82. (2002). How do Women Decide to Work in Pakistan? Pakistan Development Review
  83. (2008). I am Gulf!": the production of cosmopolitanism among the Koyas of Kozhikode,
  84. (1981). I'm hungry Mum’: the politics of domestic bargaining, in: in:
  85. (1996). Identity and Difference or Equality and Inequality in South Asian Muslim Society, in: C. Fuller (ed) Caste Today.
  86. (1992). Imagined Unities: constructions of “the household”
  87. (2010). In Aid We Trust: Hearts and minds and the Pakistan earthquake of 2005. Washignton, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 5440. doi
  88. (2006). In the past we were a bit “Chamar”’: education as a self- and community engineering process in northern India. doi
  89. (2007). India and the Muslim Punjab: a unified approach to South Asian kinship. doi
  90. (1896). Indian Village Community. doi
  91. (2001). Institutions, Agency and the Limitations of Participatory Approaches to Development, in:
  92. (1992). Instruments of Statecraft : U.S. guerrilla warfare, counterinsurgency, and counter-terrorism, doi
  93. (1958). Introduction,
  94. (1973). Introduction, in: I. Ahmad (ed) Caste and Social Stratification Among the Muslims. Delhi, Manohar Book Service: doi
  95. (2008). Introduction: the limits of neoliberalism. doi
  96. (1991). Islam and Patriarchy: a comparative perspective, in: N. Keddie and B. Baron (eds) Women in Middle Eastern History: shifting boundaries in sex and gender. New Haven, doi
  97. (1983). Kant's theory of earthquakes and volcanic action. doi
  98. (2004). Kashmir and the British Raj 1847-1947. Karachi,
  99. (2009). Kashmir Earthquake. doi
  100. (2005). Kashmir: the economics of peace building.
  101. (2000). Kinship and Continuity: Pakistani families in Britain. doi
  102. (1972). Kinship and Urbanization: white collar migrants in doi
  103. (1972). Kinship in West Punjab Villages. doi
  104. (2001). Kinship, Cultural Preference and Immigration: consanguineous marriage among British Pakistanis. doi
  105. (1999). Kinship, Honour and Money in Rural Pakistan: subsistence economy and the effects of internal migration. doi
  106. (2008). Lineages of the Developmentalist State: transnationality and village India, doi
  107. (2000). Making the Economic Habitus: Algerian workers revisited. doi
  108. (1990). Manchester Pakistanis: division and unity, in:
  109. (2004). Mapping Vulnerability: disasters, development and people. doi
  110. (2003). Mappings of Power: the state, NGOs, and international organisations in the informal economy of Cairo. doi
  111. (1988). Marriage and Muslims: preference and choice in doi
  112. (1991). Marriage and the family in Pakistan, in: M. Das (ed) The Family in the Muslim World. New Dehli,
  113. (2011). Marriage, Love, Caste and Kinship Support: lived experiences of the urban poor in India. New Delhi, doi
  114. (1996). Matriliny and Modernity: sexual politics and social change in rural doi
  115. (2001). Men, Women and Work in Rural Zambia, doi
  116. (2010). Migration and Development: a theoretical perspective. doi
  117. (1980). Migration from Rural Areas of Poor Countries: the impact on rural productivity and income distribution. doi
  118. (2004). Migration, Modernity and Social Transformation in South Asia. doi
  119. (2004). Money Makes us Relatives: women's labor in urban Turkey. doi
  120. National Education Census 2005: Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Ministry of Education.
  121. (2002). Neoliberalising Space. doi
  122. (2010). Neoliberalism as Unexceptional: economic zones and the everyday precariousness of working like in South India. doi
  123. (1998). No Aging in India: Alzheimer's, the bad family, and other modern things. doi
  124. (1959). Not in the Limelight. doi
  125. (2011). On Being a Smallholder. Conference on New Directions for Smallholder Agriculture, doi
  126. (2006). Once Upon a Time in the West? Stories of migration and modernity from Kerala, South India. doi
  127. (2002). One's Own Marriage: love marriages in a Calcutta neighbourhood. doi
  128. (2008). Overseas Labour Migration from Rural Bangladesh: livelihoods, capital and risk in two villages
  129. (2003). Pakistan Clans "Abusing" British Politics. BBC News Online.
  130. (2010). Pakistan Education Atlas. from http://www.atlas.edu.pk/ AFP
  131. (2004). Participatory Development: where culture creeps in, in:
  132. (2011). Patrons, Brothers and Landlords: competing for the vote in rural
  133. (2007). Pitfalls of Participatory Development. Background paper written for the World Public Sector Report
  134. (2010). Politics of ‘Pasmanda’ Muslims: a case study of Bihar. doi
  135. (1998). Population Census Organisation
  136. (2006). Presidential Address on Sociological Theory and the Sociology of Disasters: moving from periphery to center. Presentation at the IRCD Business Meeting, World Congress of Sociology,
  137. (1975). Problems of Suffering in Religions of the World. Cambridge, doi
  138. (1982). Purdah in Pakistan: seclusion and modern occupations for women, in: H. Papanek and G. Minault (eds) Separate Worlds: studies of purdah in South Asia. doi
  139. (2008). Purity of Elections in the UK: causes for concern.
  140. (2004). Relief and an Understanding of Local Knowledge: the case of Southern Sudan,
  141. (1999). Remotely Global: village modernity in West Africa. doi
  142. (2011). Rendering Society Technical: government through community and the ethnographic turn at the World Bank
  143. (2011). Representation and Practices of “Home”
  144. (1997). Resisting Regimes: myth, memory and the shaping of a Muslim identity. Delhi, doi
  145. (2006). Review of Norwegian Earthquake Assistance to Pakistan
  146. Revive with Dignity and Hope: annual review 2005–2006. Islamabad,
  147. (1992). Risk and Blame: essays in cultural theory. doi
  148. (1996). Risk Perception and Social Anthropology: critique of cultural theory. doi
  149. (2008). Roads Less Travelled: analysing the effects of remoteness and need on the distribution of earthquake assistance. Retrieved
  150. (2008). Rs655m Irregularities Found in
  151. (1999). Shifting Ties: Social Networks doi
  152. (2007). Silence and Violence among Northern Ireland Border Protestants. doi
  153. (2001). Social Assessment Report: community-district infrastructure services project,
  154. (2008). Social Impact Assessment. from http://www.erra.pk/ ------------
  155. (2005). Social Inequality, Hazards and Disasters, in: R. Daniels et al (eds) On Risk and Disaster: lessons from
  156. (2000). Social Mobility in Kerala: modernity and identity in conflict. London, doi
  157. (2004). Social Protection in Pakistan: concept, situation analysis and the way forward. Islamabad, Center for Research on Poverty Reduction and Income Distribution. Working Paper 5.
  158. Social Protection Strategy. from http://www.erra.pk/ ------------ (2007a). Converting Adversity into Opportunity: annual review 2006–2007. Islamabad, Agha Jee Printers.
  159. (1995). Social Security and Social Networks Among the Urban Poor in Pakistan. doi
  160. (1996). Social Stratification Among Muslims in India, in: M. Srinivas (ed) Caste: its twentieth century avatar.
  161. (1993). Social Structure, Ideology and Language: caste among Muslims.
  162. (2011). Social Suffering and the New Politics of Sentimentality,
  163. (2002). Spatialising States: toward an ethnography of neoliberal governmentality. doi
  164. (2000). Speaking with Vampires: rumor and history in colonial Africa. doi
  165. (2007). State of Play Six Years after Gujarat Earthquake.
  166. (1995). Stories in the Social and Mental Life of People, in: E. Goody (ed) Social Intelligence and Interaction: expressions and implications of the social bias in human intelligence. Cambridge, doi
  167. (1999). The Agrarian System of Mughal India, doi
  168. (1997). The Alarmed Vision: social suffering and Holocaust atrocity, in:
  169. (2012). The Anthropology of Migration –
  170. (2006). The Concept of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Today. doi
  171. (1983). The Context and Consequences of Migration: Jullundur and Mirpur compared. doi
  172. (1996). The Disinvention of Caste among Tamil Muslims, in: C. Fuller (ed) Caste Today.
  173. (2006). The Evolving UN Cluster Approach in the Aftermath of the Pakistan Earthquake: an NGO perspective.
  174. (2005). The Family in India: beyond the nuclear versus joint debate, in: M. Khullar (ed) Writing the Women's Movement: a reader.
  175. (1986). The Forms of Capital, doi
  176. (2000). The Global Situation. doi
  177. (1958). The Human Condition. doi
  178. (1875). The Jummoo and Kashmir Territories. doi
  179. (1995). The Local and the Global: the anthropology of globalization and transnationalism. doi
  180. (1990). The Logic of Practice. doi
  181. (1991). The Narrative Construction of Reality. doi
  182. (1998). The Onset of Fertility Transition doi
  183. (1994). The Paradoxes of Masculinity: some thoughts on segregated societies, in: A. Cornwall and N. Lindisfarne (eds) Dislocating Masculinities: comparative ethnographies. doi
  184. (1994). The Peacekeepers of Kashmir:
  185. (1971). The Politics of Dependence: A Village in West Punjab.
  186. (2006). The Politics of Storytelling: violence, transgression and intersubjectivity. doi
  187. (1998). The Possibility of Naturalism.
  188. (1997). The Post-Development Reader. doi
  189. (2000). The Power to Choose: Bangladeshi women and labour market decisions in London and Dhaka. doi
  190. (1925). The Punjab Peasant in Prosperity and Debt. doi
  191. (1989). The Ranking of Brotherhoods: the dialectics of Muslim caste among overseas Pakistanis. Contributions to Indian Sociology doi
  192. (1985). The Rule and Rhetoric of Marriage Negotiations among the Dhund Abbasi of Northeast Pakistan. doi
  193. (1973). The Structure of Marriage Preferences: An Account from Pakistani Fiction. doi
  194. (1985). The Symbolic Construction of Community. doi
  195. (2001). The Two Biraderis: kinship in rural West Punjab, in: T. Madan (ed) Muslim Communities of South Asia: culture, society and power.
  196. (2003). The Vulnerability of Cities: natural disasters and social resilience. doi
  197. (1979). The Yungay Avalanche Of 1970: anthropological perspectives on disaster and social change. doi
  198. (2001). Toward an Anthropological Theory of Value: the false coin of our own dreams. doi
  199. (1991). Traditional Systems of Social Security and Hunger Insurance: past achievements and modern challenges, in: doi
  200. (2001). Transnational migration: taking stock and future directions. doi
  201. (2010). Understanding 'Goonda' Political Styles in North India, in: P. Price and A. Ruud (eds) Power and Influence in India: bosses, lords and captains. doi
  202. (2005). Unhappy Husbands: masculinity and migration in transnational Pakistani migrants. doi
  203. (2007). Using Family Histories to Understand the Intergenerational Transmission of Chronic Poverty. doi
  204. (2008). Violence, Reconstruction and Islamic Reform: Stories from the Muslim ‘Ghetto’. doi
  205. Vulnerability, Risk Reduction, and Adaptation to Climate Change. Climate Risk and Adaptation Country Profile: Pakistan, doi
  206. (2010). Watta Satta: bride exchange and women’s welfare in rural Pakistan. doi
  207. (2010). When House Becomes Home": reading normativity in gender equality advocacy in post-tsunami doi
  208. (2000). White Saris and Sweet Mangoes: aging, gender and body in North India. doi
  209. (2002). Why Anthropologists Should Study Disasters, in: S. Hoffman and A. Oliver-Smith (eds) Catastrophe and Culture: the anthropology of disaster. doi
  210. (1995). Women, Property and Islam: Palestinian experiences 1920-1990. Cambridge, doi
  211. (1999). Women's Work is Weeping: constructions of gender in a catholic community, in:
  212. (2001). Women’s Autonomy in India and Pakistan: the influence of religion and region. doi
  213. (2012). Workers' Remittances and Compensation of Employees Received, from http://data.worldbank.org/country/pakistan?display=graph.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.