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Vapour transfer in unsaturated compacted bentonite

By Peter John Cleall, Rao Martand Singh and Hywel Rhys Thomas

Abstract

Results of an experimental and theoretical investigation of heat and moisture movement in unsaturated MX-80 bentonite are presented. A thermo-hydraulic cell that allows measurement of transient temperatures and facilitates the determination of pseudo-transients of moisture content, dry density and chemical composition has been used to perform thermal gradient tests. Results of a number of tests are presented, and observation of the accumulation of chloride ions near the hot end clearly indicates that there is a cycle of vapour and liquid moisture movement, with vapour moving from hotter to cooler regions, condensing, and then moving as liquid towards the hotter regions. An empirical method is applied to calculate approximate vapour fluxes using measured variations in chloride ion concentration and moisture content with time. The vapour fluxes calculated empirically are found to be lower than those determined by some existing vapour flow theories. Subsequently, an existing vapour flow model is modified to represent the observed vapour fluxes more closely

Topics: TA, TH
Publisher: ICE Publishing
Year: 2013
DOI identifier: 10.1680/geot.12.p.147
OAI identifier: oai:http://orca.cf.ac.uk:48369
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