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Predicting road traffic accidents: the role of social deviance and violations

By Rebecca Lawton, Dianne Parker, Stephen G. Stradling and Antony Stephen Reid Manstead

Abstract

A study by West, Elander & French (1993a) examining the relationship between mild social deviance and accident rates on the road was extended and replicated. West et al. (1993a) report that the relationship between mild social deviance and accident rates was partly mediated by faster driving speed. The aim of the present research was to determine whether a broader measure of road traffic violations would fully mediate the relationship between mild social deviance and accident rates. Self-reports of violations (using the Driver Behaviour Questionnaire), mild social deviance and accident rates were collected for 830 drivers, together with information about age, sex and annual mileage. A series of Poisson regressions were computed to investigate the relationship between these predictor variables and accident rates. The data confirmed the relationship between mild social deviance and accident rates. However, this relationship appeared to be mediated by the propensity to commit driving violations and unspecified factors associated with age. The results of the analysis are discussed with reference to the appropriateness of various intervention strategies to promote safer driving

Publisher: British Psychological Society
OAI identifier: oai:http://orca.cf.ac.uk:34638
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