Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

The Psychological Analysis of the Teaching Processes in the Primary School : IV

By 哲也 竹内, 靖之 斎藤, 正司 西村, 淳一 柴田, 伯彦 松田, Michihiko Matsuda, Tetsuya Takeuchi, Yasuo Saito, Masashi Nishimura and Jun-ichi Shibata

Abstract

研究の目的は, 教職歴の違いにより, 教師および児童の発言にいかなる違いがみられるかを明らかにすることである。小学校4年生1組, 2組, 3組および4組(各組の児童数40名)の児童を対照に「計算と式」の4時間扱いの第3時間目の授業を同一指導案でおこなった。授業担当者は1組と3組はそれぞれの学級担任であり, 2組と4組は, それぞれの組で3週間の実習をおこなった学部4年次の教生である。結果は次のとおりである。1.授業開始1分間の発言から, 教師の授業は教室外での授業に対する配慮や前時までの復習をしながら本時への導入が行なわれたことが示された。他方, 教生のそれはいきなり本時の導入(問題提示)がなされた。2.教師あるいは教生と児童の発言時間の分析から, 教師の授業では教師の発言が多い時期と児童のそれが多い時期がいくつかあり, 授業に起伏がみられ力動的である。また, 全体としては, 教師の発言が児童のそれより多く, 教師が主導権を持っていると考えられた。教生のそれは起伏が少なく平坦であった。3.教師あるいは教生の発言カテゴリー分析から, 教師のそれは運営, 確認, 指名等が目立ち, 教生においては私語, 不明, 指示, 確認的質問に関するものが多かった。4.それぞれの児童の発言カテゴリーの分析から, 教師の授業におけるそれと教生の場合の対照的なものをあげると, 教師のそれは解答で, 教生のそれは受容であった。以上のことは経験的に知られていることとかなり一致すると考えられた。The purpose of the study was to make clear the difference of verbal behaviors of both teachers and pupils resulted from the degree of skillfulness of the teachers. Four teachers gave instructions in arithmetic (teaching about calculation and formula ) at four homogeneous classes of the 4th grade respectivery under the same teaching materials and under the same teaching program. These classes were tentatively named class No.1, No.2, No.3, and No.4. The teachers of class No.1 and No.3 were class teachers and the teachers of class No.2 and No.4 were university student who had finished the teaching trainings for three weeks. The results were followings: 1. In the first one minute of the instructions, the teachers of class No.1 and No.3 introduced the present subject with a short review of the previous lesson, though the teachers of class No.2 and No.4 introduced abruptly the present subject. 2. From the analysis of durations of teacher\u27s speakings and pupils\u27 speakings through the instructions, it was found that in the class No.1 and No.3 the total durations of teacher\u27s speakings were longer than those of pupils\u27 speakings, and that in the class No.1 and No.3 durations of teacher\u27s speakings and pupils\u27 speakings were greatly changing through the instructions, but in the class No.2 and No.4 those were comparatively even through the instructions. 3. From the analysis of categories of the teacher\u27s speakings, it was found that in the teachers of class No.1 and No.3, there were many speakings belonging to management , confirmation , and nomination , and that in the teachers of class No.2 and No.4, there were many speakings belonging to whisper , not understandable , direction , and confirmative question . 4. From the analysis of categories of pupils\u27 speakings, it was found that answer was conspicuous in class No.1 and No.3, but receptiveness was often observed in class No.2 and No.4

Topics: NDC:370
Publisher: 千葉大学教育学部
Year: 1973
OAI identifier: oai:opac.ll.chiba-u.jp:900025254
Journal:

Suggested articles


To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.