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A mechanochemical model for adult dermal wound contraction: On the permanence of the contracted tissue displacement profile

By L. Olsen, J. A. Sherratt and P. K. Maini

Abstract

The healing of adult mammalian skin wounds involves a complex sequence of spatially and temporally coordinated processes. Wound contraction, by reducing the size of the injury, is an intrinsic component of full-thickness excisional dermal wound healing. The underlying biomechanics of wound contraction, however, are not fully understood, and little is known about the pathogenesis of severe medical conditions known as fibrocontractive diseases. The aim of this work is to investigate a deterministic mathematical model in order to obtain insight into the mechanistic relationships between wound contraction and associated normal and pathological healing processes. The model describes the essential roles of fibroblast and myofibroblast cells, a chemical growth factor and the extracellular matrix which includes type I collagen. The model results are qualitatively consistent with the biology of fibroplasia and wound contraction. It is shown that contracted state evolves during a (long) transient phase of healing known as proliferation, while collagen kinetics are fundamental to the considerably longer ‘remodeling' phase. Some quantitative results, notably on the evolution of wound contraction, compare favourably with experimental data. Application of the model to adult human dermal wound healingin vitro, with a greater understanding of the underlying biological mechanisms involved, may suggest strategies for controlling contraction and fibrocontractive diseases

Topics: Biology and other natural sciences
Year: 1995
DOI identifier: 10.1006/jtbi.1995.0230
OAI identifier: oai:generic.eprints.org:475/core69

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