Location of Repository

The collapse of single bubbles and approximation of the far-field acoustic emissions for cavitation induced by shock wave lithotripsy

By A.R. Jamaluddin, G.J. Ball, C.K. Turangan and T.G. Leighton

Abstract

Recent clinical trials have shown the efficacy of a passive acoustic device used during shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) treatment. The device uses the far-field acoustic emissions resulting from the interaction of the therapeutic shock waves with the tissue and kidney stone to diagnose the effectiveness of each shock in contributing to stone fragmentation. This paper details simulations that supported the development of that device by extending computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of the flow and near-field pressures associated with shock-induced bubble collapse to allow estimation of those far-field acoustic emissions. This is a required stage in the development of the device, because current computational resources are not sufficient to simulate the far-field emissions to ranges of O(10 cm) using CFD. Similarly, they are insufficient to cover the duration of the entire cavitation event, and here simulate only the first part of the interaction of the bubble with the lithotripter shock wave in order to demonstrate the methods by which the far-field acoustic emissions resulting from the interaction can be estimated. A free-Lagrange method (FLM) is used to simulate the collapse of initially stable air bubbles in water as a result of their interaction with a planar lithotripter shock. To estimate the far-field acoustic emissions from the interaction, this paper developed two numerical codes using the Kirchhoff and Ffowcs William–Hawkings (FW-H) formulations. When coupled to the FLM code, they can be used to estimate the far-field acoustic emissions of cavitation events. The limitation of the technique is that it assumes that no significant nonlinear acoustic propagation occurs outside the control surface. Methods are outlined for ameliorating this problem if, as here, computational resources cannot compute the flow field to sufficient distance, although for the clinical situation discussed, this limitation is tempered by the effect of tissue absorption, which here is incorporated through the standard derating procedure. This approach allowed identification of the sources of, and explanation of trends seen in, the characteristics of the far-field emissions observed in clinic, to an extent that was sufficient for the development of this clinical device

Topics: QC
Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.soton.ac.uk:186005
Provided by: e-Prints Soton

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. 1986b The relation between noise and luminescence from cavitation on a hydrofoil.
  2. (2003). A 357, 295–311.The shock-induced bubble collapse in SWL and its far-field acoustic emissions 33 B o u r n e
  3. (2000). A dual passive cavitation detector for localized detection of lithotripsy-induced cavitation in vitro. doi
  4. (2002). A free-Lagrange augmented Godunov method for the simulation of elastic–plastic solids. doi
  5. (1996). A free-Lagrange method for unsteady compressible flow: simulation of a confined cylindrical blast wave. doi
  6. (2007). A mechanistic analysis of stone fracture in lithotripsy. doi
  7. (1997). A new boundary integral formulation for the prediction of sound radiation. doi
  8. (2008). A passive acoustic device for real-time monitoring the efficacy of shockwave lithotripsy treatment. doi
  9. (2010). A passive acoustic monitor of treatment effectiveness during extracorporeal lithotripsy. doi
  10. (1997). A strategy for the development and standardisation of measurement methods for high power/cavitating ultrasound fields – final project report. doi
  11. (2005). A study to determine whether cavitation occurs around dental ultrasonic scaling instruments. doi
  12. (1989). A survey of the acoustic output of commercial extracorporeal shock wave lithotripters. doi
  13. (1987). Acoustic cavitation generated by an extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripter. doi
  14. (1992). Acoustic emission and sonoluminescence due to cavitation at the beam focus of an electrohydraulic shock wave lithotripter. doi
  15. (2008). Acoustic sensing of renal stones fragmentation in extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy.
  16. (1999). Application of shock wave research to medicine. doi
  17. (1995). Applications of one-dimensional bubbles to lithotripsy, and to diver response to low frequency sound.
  18. (2007). Asymmetrical oscillation of a bubble confined inside a micro pseudoelastic blood vessel and the corresponding vessel wall stresses. doi
  19. (2004). Attenuation of porcine tissues in vivo after high intensity ultrasound treatment. doi
  20. (2003). B a i l e y ,M .R . ,K h o k h l o v a ,V .A . ,S a p o z h n i k o v doi
  21. B a l l ,G .J . ,R y v e s ,S . ,H u r r e l l ,A .M . ,S t e f a n o ,A .D e&W h i t e ,P .R .2008a The development of a passive acoustic device for monitoring the effectiveness of shock wave lithotripsy in real time.
  22. (2004). B o u a k a z ,A . ,M e r k s ,E . ,L a n c e ’ doi
  23. (1999). B o u r n e doi
  24. (1998). B r e n t n e r ,K .S .&F a r a s s a t ,F doi
  25. (1999). Bubble dynamics, shock waves and sonoluminescence. doi
  26. (2006). Bubble pulsations between parallel plates. doi
  27. (2007). C a l v i s i ,M .L . ,L i n d a u ,O . ,B l a k e doi
  28. (1989). C h u r c h ,C .C doi
  29. (2008). C o u s s i o s doi
  30. (2005). Cavitation detection during shock-wave lithotripsy. doi
  31. (1998). Cavitation erosion by single laser-produced bubbles. doi
  32. (2003). Cavitation luminescence from flow over a hydrofoil in a cavitation tunnel. doi
  33. (2007). Cavitation threshold of microbubbles in gel tunnels by focused ultrasound. doi
  34. (2005). Cavitation, shock waves and t h ei n v a s i v en a t u r eo fs o n o e l e c t r o c h e m i s t r y .J. doi
  35. (2005). Cavitation, shock waves and the invasive nature of sonoelectrochemistry. doi
  36. (2001). Characterising in vivo acoustic cavitation during lithotripsy with time-frequency methods.
  37. (2005). Charaterisation of measures of reference acoustic cavitation (comorac): An experimental feasibility trial.
  38. (2003). Cinematographic observation of the collapse and rebound of a laser-produced cavitation bubble near a wall. doi
  39. (2008). Clinical studies of a real-time monitoring of lithotripter performance using passive acoustic sensors. doi
  40. (1997). Collapsing cavities, toroidal bubbles and jet impact. doi
  41. (1980). Compilation of empirical ultrasound properties of mammalian tissues. Part II. doi
  42. (1997). D a m i a n o u ,C .A . ,S a n g h v i doi
  43. (1988). D e a r ,J .P . ,F i e l d ,J .E .&W a l t o n doi
  44. (2000). Damping of mesh-induced errors in free-Lagrange simulations of Richtmyer–Meshkov instability. doi
  45. (2004). Development of a new diagnostic sensor for extra-corporeal shock-wave lithotripsy. doi
  46. (1983). Distortion of finite amplitude ultrasound in lossy media. doi
  47. (2001). Dynamics of bubble oscillations in constrained media and mechanisms of vessel rupture in swl. doi
  48. (2008). Dynamics of bubbles near a rigid surface subjected to a lithotripter shock wave. Part 1. Consequences of interference between incident and reflected waves. doi
  49. (2008). Dynamics of bubbles near a rigid surface subjected to a lithotripter shock wave. Part 2. Reflected shock intensifies nonspherical cavitation collapse. doi
  50. (2001). Dynamics of laser-induced cavitation bubbles near elastic boundaries: influence of the elastic modulus. doi
  51. (2004). Electrochemical measurements of the effects of inertial acoustic cavitation by means of a novel dual microelectrode. doi
  52. (2004). Evaluation of unscanned-mode soft-tissue thermal index for rectangular sources and proposed new indices. doi
  53. (2005). Experimental and theoretical characterisation of sonochemical cells. Part 2. Cell disruptors (ultrasonic horn) and cavity cluster. doi
  54. (1994). Experimental studies of bubble collapse. doi
  55. (1988). Extension of Kirchhoff’s formula to radiation from moving surfaces. doi
  56. F a r a s s a t ,F .&M y e r s ,M .K .1988 Extension of Kirchhoff’s formula to radiation from moving surfaces. doi
  57. (1983). F a r a s s a t ,F .&S u c c i ,G .P doi
  58. (2005). Free-Lagrange simulations of shock–bubble interaction in extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. doi
  59. (2004). Free-Lagrange simulations of shock/bubble interaction in shock wave lithotripsy. doi
  60. (2004). From seas to surgeries, from babbling brooks to baby scans: The acoustics of gas bubbles in liquids. doi
  61. (1972). High-speed photography of laser-induced breakdown in liquids. doi
  62. (1988). High-speed photography of surface geometry effects in liquid/solid impact. doi
  63. (2000). History of shock wave lithotripsy. doi
  64. (1989). Hyperechoic region induced by focused shock waves in vitro and in vivo: Possibility of acoustic cavitation bubbles.
  65. (1982). Ignition mechanisms of explosives during mechanical deformation. doi
  66. (1994). In The Acoustic Bubble. doi
  67. (2004). In The NHS Improvement Plan: Putting People at the Heart of Public Services, p. 80. UK Dept. of Health Publication Cm 6268, 24
  68. (2007). Interaction of lithotripter shockwaves with single inertial cavitation bubbles. doi
  69. K u r z ,T . ,G e i s l e r ,R . ,L i n d a u ,O .&L a u t e r b o r n ,W .1999 Bubble dynamics, shock waves and doi
  70. (2010). L e i g h t o n ,T .G .&C l e v e l a n d ,R .O
  71. (2003). L i n d a u ,O .&L a u t e r b o r n ,W doi
  72. L i n g e m a n ,J .E . ,M c A t e e r ,J .A . ,G n e s s i n ,E .&E v a n ,P .2009 Shock wave lithotripsy: advances in technology and technique. doi
  73. (2010). Lithotripsy. doi
  74. (2005). M i l l e r ,N .A . ,P i s h c h a l n i k o v a ,I .V . ,C o n n o r s doi
  75. (2005). Modelling elastic wave propagation in kidney stones with application to shock wave lithotripsy. doi
  76. (2006). Nonlinear absorption in biological tissue for high intensity focused ultrasound. doi
  77. (2006). Numerical analysis of a gas bubble near bio-materials in an ultrasound field. doi
  78. (2009). Numerical simulations of non-spherical bubble collapse. doi
  79. (1986). On correlating erosion and luminescence from cavitation on a dydrofoil.
  80. (1944). On the destructive action of cavitation. doi
  81. (1989). Optical and acoustic investigations of the dynamics of laser-produced cavitation bubbles near a solid boundary. doi
  82. (2003). Physical mechanisms of the therapeutic effect of ultrasound (a review). doi
  83. (2010). Physics of bubble oscillations. doi
  84. (1980). r l e y ,M .M . ,M a d s e n ,E .L . ,Z a g z e b s k i ,J .A . ,B a n j a v i c doi
  85. (2005). S a n k i n ,G .N . ,S i m m o n s doi
  86. (1956). Second approximation acoustic equations and the propagation of plane waves of finite amplitude.
  87. (2009). Shock wave lithotripsy: advances in technology and technique. doi
  88. (2000). Shock-induced collapse of a cylindrical air cavity in water: a free-Lagrange simulation. doi
  89. (2005). Shockwave interaction with laser generated single bubbles. doi
  90. (2006). Simulations of pressure–pulse bubble interaction using boundary element method. doi
  91. (1992). Sonographic imaging of extracorporeal shock wave effects in the liver and gallbladder of dogs. doi
  92. (1997). Sonoluminescence from the unstable collapse of a conical bubble. doi
  93. (1997). Studies of bubble dynamics. doi
  94. (1991). Study of the noise mechanisms of transonic blade–vortex interactions. doi
  95. (2008). Suppression of shocked-bubble expansion due to tissue confinement with application to shock-wave lithotripsy. doi
  96. T . ,P l a t t e s ,M . ,D e z k u n o v ,N .&C o l e m a n ,A .J .2005 Charaterisation of measures of reference acoustic cavitation (comorac): An experimental feasibility trial.
  97. T o m i t a ,Y .&S h i m a ,A .1986 Mechanisms of impulsive pressure generation and damage pit formation by bubble collapse. doi
  98. (2006). T u r a n g a n ,C .K . ,O n g ,G .P . ,K l a s e b o e r doi
  99. (2008). T u r a n g a n ,C .K .2004 Free-Lagrange simulations of cavitation bubble collapse. doi
  100. (2009). The ‘Smart Stethoscope’: Predicting the outcome of lithotripsy Abstract.
  101. (1997). The bacterial effects of dental ultrasound on Actinobacillus Actiomycetemcomitans and Porphyromonas Gingivalis – an in vitro investigation. doi
  102. (1997). The bacterial effects of dental ultrasound on Actinobacillus Actiomycetemcomitans and Porphyromonas Gingivalis –a nin vitro investigation. doi
  103. (1966). The collapse of cavitation bubbles and the pressure thereby produced against solid boundaries. doi
  104. (2008). The development of a passive acoustic device for monitoring the effectiveness of shock wave lithotripsy in real time. doi
  105. (2006). The laser-induced formation of plasma bubbles in water–electrochemical measurements.
  106. (2001). The mechanisms of stone fragmentation in ESWL. doi
  107. (1995). The one-dimensional bubble: An unusual oscillator, with applications to human bioeffects of underwater sound. doi
  108. (1983). The prediction of helicopter descrete frequency noise.
  109. (2000). The Rayleigh-like collapse of a conical bubble. doi
  110. (1999). The role of ‘splashing’ in the collapse of a laser-generated cavity near a rigid boundary. doi
  111. (1997). The role of cavitation effects in the mechanisms of destruction and explosive process. doi
  112. (1973). The role of cavities in the initiation and growth of explosion in liquids. doi
  113. (1974). The role of rapidly compressed gas pockets in the initiation of condensed explosives. doi
  114. (2002). The role of stress waves and cavitation in stone comminution in shock wave lithotripsy. doi
  115. (1993). The spatial distribution of cavitation induced acoustic emission, sonoluminescence and cell lysis in the field of a shock wave lithotripter. doi
  116. (2004). The study of surface processes under electrochemical control in the presence of inertial cavitation. doi
  117. (1998). Theory and preliminary measurements of the Rayleigh-like collapse of a conical bubble. doi
  118. (2010). Tissue nonlinearity.
  119. (1986). Transient cavities near boundaries: Part 1. Rigid boundary. doi
  120. (2001). Ultrasound-assisted lipoplasty. doi
  121. (1989). Use of the Kirchhoff method in acoustics. doi
  122. v a nd e rM e u l e n ,J .H .J .1986a On correlating erosion and luminescence from cavitation on a dydrofoil.
  123. v a nd e rM e u l e n ,J .H .J .1986b The relation between noise and luminescence from cavitation on a hydrofoil.
  124. (2010). V i a n ,C .J .B . ,B i r k i n ,P .R .&L e i g h t o n doi
  125. (2007). What is ultrasound?
  126. (1997). Z h o n g ,P . ,C i o a n t a ,I . ,C o c k s ,F .H .&P r e m i n g e r doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.