We introduce the MIR task of segmenting melodies into phrases, summarise the musicological and psychological background to the task and review existing computational methods before presenting a new model, IDyOM, for melodic segmentation based on statistical learning and information-dynamic analysis. The performance of the model is compared to several existing algorithms in predicting the annotated phrase boundaries in a large corpus of folk music. The results indicate that four algorithms produce acceptable results: one of these is the IDyOM model which performs much better than naive statistical models and approaches the performance of the best-performing rule-based models. Further slight performance improvement can be obtained by combining the output of the four algorithms in a hybrid model, although the performance of this model is moderate at best, leaving a great deal of room for improvement on this task
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