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UHECR as Decay Products of Heavy Relics? The Lifetime Problem

By H. J. De Vega and N. Sanchez

Abstract

11 pages, LaTex, no figures, updated versionThe essential features underlying the top-down scenarii for UHECR are discussed, namely, the stability (or lifetime) imposed to the heavy objects (particles) whatever they be: topological and non-topological solitons, X-particles, cosmic defects, microscopic black-holes, fundamental strings. We provide an unified formula for the quantum decay rate of all these objects as well as the particle decays in the standard model. The key point in the top-down scenarii is the necessity to adjust the lifetime of the heavy object to the age of the universe. This ad-hoc requirement needs a very high dimensional operator to govern its decay and/or an extremely small coupling constant. The natural lifetimes of such heavy objects are, however, microscopic times associated to the GUT energy scale (sim 10^{-28} sec. or shorter). It is at this energy scale (by the end of inflation) where they could have been abundantly formed in the early universe and it seems natural that they decayed shortly after being formed

Topics: [PHYS.ASTR.CO] Physics [physics]/Astrophysics [astro-ph]/Cosmology and Extra-Galactic Astrophysics [astro-ph.CO], [SDU.ASTR] Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Astrophysics [astro-ph], [PHYS.GRQC] Physics [physics]/General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology [gr-qc], [PHYS.HPHE] Physics [physics]/High Energy Physics - Phenomenology [hep-ph], [PHYS.HTHE] Physics [physics]/High Energy Physics - Theory [hep-th]
Publisher: American Physical Society
Year: 2003
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-00020079v1
Provided by: Hal-Diderot
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