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Effect of water on the heat capacity of polymerized aluminosilicate glasses and melts

By Mohamed Ali Bouhifd, Alan Whittington, Jacques Roux and Pascal Richet


International audienceThe effect of water on heat capacity has been determined for four series of hydrated synthetic aluminosilicate glasses and supercooled liquids close to albite, phonolite, trachyte, and leucogranite compositions. Heat capacities were measured at atmospheric pressure by differential scanning calorimetry for water contents between 0 and 4.9 wt % from 300 K to about 100 K above the glass transition temperature (Tg). The partial molar heat capacity of water in polymerized aluminosilicate glasses, which can be considered as independent of composition, is Click to view the MathML source (J/mol K). In liquids containing at least 1 wt % H2O, the partial molar heat capacity of water is about 85 J/mol K. From speciation data, the effects of water as hydroxyl groups and as molecular water have tentatively been estimated, with partial molar heat capacities of 153 ± 18 and 41 ± 14 J/mol K, respectively. In all cases, water strongly increases the configurational heat capacity at Tg and exerts a marked depressing effect on Tg, in close agreement with the results of viscosity experiments on the same series of glasses. Consistent with the Adam and Gibbs theory of relaxation processes, the departure of the viscosity of hydrous melts from Arrhenian variations correlates with the magnitude of configurational heat capacities

Topics: [SDU.STU.MI] Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Earth Sciences/Mineralogy
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2006
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.gca.2005.09.012
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-00145532v1
Provided by: Hal-Diderot
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