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Automatic Verification of Recursive Procedures with One Integer Parameter

By Ahmed Bouajjani, Peter Habermehl and Richard Mayr

Abstract

International audienceContext-free processes (BPA) have been used for dataflow analysis in recursive procedures with applications in optimizing compilers. We introduce a more refined model called BPA(Z) that can model not only recursive dependencies, but also the passing of an integer parameter to a subroutine. Moreover, this parameter can be tested against conditions expressible in Presburger arithmetic. This new and more expressive model can still be analyzed automatically. We define Z-input 1-CM, a new class of 1-counter machines that take integer numbers as input, to describe sets of configurations of BPA(Z). We show that the Post* (the set of successors) of a set of BPA(Z)-configurations described by a Z-input 1-CM can be effectively constructed. The Pre* (set of predecessors) of a regular set can be effectively constructed as well. However, the Pre* of a set described by a Z-input 1-CM cannot be represented by a Z-input 1-CM in general and has an undecidable membership problem. Then we develop a new temporal logic based on reversal-bounded counter machines (i.e. machines which use counters such that the change between increasing and decreasing mode of each counter is bounded that can be used to describe properties of BPA(Z) and show that the model-checking problem is decidable

Topics: [INFO.INFO-OH] Computer Science [cs]/Other [cs.OH]
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2003
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-00148237v1
Provided by: Hal-Diderot
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