Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Public and private welfare activity in the United Kingdom, 1979 to 1999

By Rachel Smithies

Abstract

This paper analyses the shifting balance between public sector and private sector welfare provision in the United Kingdom over the past two decades. Five sectors – education, health, personal social services, housing, and income maintenance and social security – are examined over three time points, 1979/80, 1995/96, and 1999/2000. Burchardt’s (1997) typology is used to classify welfare activities according to who funds them, who provides them, and who decides on the provider and/or amount of service. It is found that shifts in the composition of welfare activity have been relatively small and gradual: around half of all welfare activity, dropping from 52 percent to 49 percent, is entirely public; around a quarter, rising from 24 percent to 29 percent, is entirely private; and the remainder involves a mixture of both sectors. Within the latter group, there was a notable increase over time in the contracting-out of public services, which rose from 6 percent to 10 percent of all welfare activity

Topics: HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Publisher: Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics and Political Science
Year: 2005
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.lse.ac.uk:6271
Provided by: LSE Research Online

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2003). 23,853 Percent of grand total 27.1% 24.8% 27.4% All
  2. (1997). 8,070 Percent of grand total 8.2% 14.5% 19.6% All
  3. (2000). 8,285 Percent of grand total 8.7% 12.8% 12.6% All
  4. All figures are for UK doi
  5. All figures are for UK in 1999/00 £million (GDP deflated). General notes: Method is to measure current contributions to pension provision Since basic state pension is unfunded, this is measured as cost of pensions now
  6. All figures are for UK in 1999/00 £million (GDP deflated). General notes: See Table A:5 for details of pension calculations
  7. Ancillary services 122 300 Not available for 1979/80; 1995/6 figure includes only contracted-out laundry and catering (grossed up from England figure); 99/00 figure includes a wider range of services.
  8. (2000). Annual Reports and Accounts doi
  9. (1997). Boundaries between Public and Private Welfare: A typology and map of services, CASEpaper 2, London School of Economics.
  10. (2001). Building Better Partnerships: The Final Report from the Commission on Public Private Partnerships London:
  11. (2001). Care of Elderly People Market Survey
  12. (1996). Consumer Trends Q4 available at http://www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/product.asp?vlnk=242 ONS
  13. (1997). Departmental Report
  14. (1997). Economic subsidy for LA tenants 5,334 2,027 7,711 8,576 Economic subsidy calculated according to method in Sefton
  15. (1997). Finance and Accountancy
  16. For residents of independent are homes. 1995/6 and 1999/00 figures are grossed up from GB figures. TOTAL 594 5,609 6,168 Percent of grand total 11.1% 34.5% 32.4% Private provision, public finance, private decision
  17. General ophthalmic services 120 174 Sight tests. Assumes all privately provided in 1995/6 and 1999/2000. Estimated based on England and Wales expenditure, adjusted using figures on number of sight tests
  18. General ophthalmic services 172 Sight tests and dispensing paid out of public funds. Assumed to be all public provision in 1979/80.
  19. Homelessness provision 223 88 [as Timeseries] Bed & Breakfast accommodation and private leasing. Not identified separately in 1979/80. 1995/6 figure is from 1994/5 data grossed up using GDP deflator. Grossed up from England figures.
  20. (1999). Homelessness provision 56 50 [as Timeseries] Public provision. Grossed up from England figure. Not identified separately in 1979/80. 1995/6 figure is from 1994/5 data grossed up using GDP deflator. 26
  21. (2004). Inequality and the State. doi
  22. (2000). Inland Revenue Statistics doi
  23. (2000). Insurance Statistics Yearbook 1989-1999 London: ABI Burchardt,
  24. (2000). Laing’s Healthcare Market Review 2000-2001 London: Laing
  25. (1996). Laing’s Review of Private Healthcare doi
  26. (2001). Local Government Financial Statistics England No.
  27. (1997). Percent of grand total
  28. (1999). Percent of grand total 0.9% 2.0% 1.3% 1.3% Private provision, finance and decision Owner-occupiers’ imputed rents & spending on repairs and maintenance
  29. (1979). Personal pensions 586 5,156 3,923 Net of tax relief and any incentives / rebates. In
  30. Private "welfare" insurance 99 760 879 1979/80 and 1995/6 figures include Permanent Health Insurance and Mortgage Payment protection in 1995/6. 1999/00 figures exclude the latter.
  31. (1999). Private Welfare and Public Policy. doi
  32. (2002). Recent Changes in the Distribution of the Social Wage Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion CASEpaper 62, London School of Economics.
  33. (2003). Second Tier Pension Provision 1978/79 to 2000/01 www.dwp.gov.uk/asd/asd1/dsu/second_tier/second_tier.asp Government Actuary’s Department
  34. (2001). Statistics of Education: Education and Training Expenditure Since 1991-92 Issue No. 07/01 Institute for Public Policy Research
  35. (1999). Tax Ready Reckoner and Tax Reliefs
  36. (1997). The Changing Distribution of the Social Wage STICERD Occasional Paper 21, London School of Economics.
  37. (1999). the Environment, Transport and the Regions doi
  38. Transport 1,019 1,025 Local authority current expenditure. Assumed to be contracted-out in 1995/6 and 1999/2000. Grossed up from England figures.
  39. (2002). UK Housing Review Coventry: Chartered Institute of Housing and the Council of Mortgage Lenders, for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation. 30 Table A:4: Social Security

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.