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Association between proteinuria and left ventricular mass index: a cardiac MRI study in patients with chronic kidney disease

By E.P. McQuarrie, R.K. Patel, P.B. Mark, C. Delles, J. Connell, H.J. Dargie, T. Steedman and A.G. Jardine

Abstract

Background. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. We hypothesized that the level of proteinuria would correlate with left ventricular mass, providing a potential link between elevated protein excretion, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and the increased mortality seen in patients with CKD. In order to do this, we assessed the determinants of left ventricular mass, measured using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging, in patients with CKD. Methods. Patients attending the renal clinic with CKD stages 2-4 and diabetic nephropathy (n = 26) and IgA nephropathy (n = 23) were recruited. They underwent detailed demographic, biochemical and vascular phenotyping and CMR imaging. Proteinuria was measured using spot protein: creatinine ratio (PCR). Left ventricular mass index (LVMI) was calculated from short-axis cine imaging using Argus software and adjusted for body surface area. Results. Log-PCR correlated significantly with LVMI, as did waist circumference, pulse pressure and systolic blood pressure. LVMI was higher in men. When these variables were entered into a linear regression model, log-PCR (P = 0.006) and systolic blood pressure (P < 0.001) independently predicted LVMI. Renal function was not associated with LVMI. Conclusions. Using volume-independent CMR imaging, we have demonstrated that the level of urinary protein excretion is independently and significantly associated with left ventricular mass in patients with CKD. This relationship was independent of blood pressure. This finding provides a novel link between CKD and increased cardiovascular risk

Publisher: 'Oxford University Press (OUP)'
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1093/ndt/gfq418
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.gla.ac.uk:43920
Provided by: Enlighten
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