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Anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic and anti-Alzheimer effects of extra virgin olive oil

By Ziad Almaksour

Abstract

Olive oil is the primary source of fat in the Mediterranean diet. It is not only known as a distinctive source of nutrients but also as an origin of several biological effects that represent a very important factor for the health. Several studies demonstrate that olive oil consumption has to be effective against heart and cardiovascular diseases. Few studies show up the anti-inflammatory, the anti - allergic and the anti-Alzheimer effects of olive oil but there is no study about the cultivar effect and the interference that could occur between the different olive oil compounds. The aim of this work is to evaluate the biological effect and more particularly the potential anti-inflammatory and anti- allergic of hydrophilic components obtained by solid phase extraction (SPE-Diol) of different extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) cultivars and from three different harvest years. Moreover the neuroprotective effect of Picholine cultivar against Alzheimer's disease was also studied. The results show that the anti-inflammatory and the anti-allergic activities differ depending on the EVOO cultivar and they are concentration-dependent. The results show also that Picholine cultivar has an anti-Alzheimer activity. All of these studies have established a correlation between the anti-inflammatory, the anti-allergic and the anti-Alzheimer effects of different EVOO cultivars and different compounds present, which enabled us to highlight the Picholine cultivar. (Résumé d'auteur

Topics: Q04 - Composition des produits alimentaires, 000 - Autres thèmes
Publisher: Université de Montpellier
Year: 2016
OAI identifier: oai:agritrop.cirad.fr:585152
Provided by: Agritrop
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