Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Distribution of the Economic Gains of the 1990s

By Dean Parham, Paula Barnes, Paul Roberts and Sharon Kennett


„h Australia¡¦s surge in productivity growth in the 1990s fuelled an acceleration in growth in total income and average income (income per person in Australia). ¡V Annual average income growth accelerated from 1.4 per cent in the 1970s and 1980s to 2.5 per cent in the 1990s. ¡V Faster productivity growth accounted for over 90 per cent of the acceleration. „h The income growth of the 1990s was distributed evenly between labour (wages and salaries) and capital (profits). The labour and capital shares in economywide income were stable throughout the 1990s. Concerns that productivity-enhancing factors have adversely affected the income-earning potential of labour appear to be unfounded at the aggregate level.economic gains - distribution - living standards - income - productivity - employment - wealth - consumption - education - health - housing - environment - working hours

OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. 2000a, ‘The changing skill composition of labour demand’,
  2. 2000b, The Transformation of Australian Industrial Relations,
  3. (1998). A framework for the presentation of indicators of national progress’
  4. (1999). A survey of indicators of economic and social well-being’, Paper prepared for Canadian Policy Research Networks,
  5. (2000). Aspects of Australian economic performance
  6. (2000). Casual Employment and Working Hours in Australia, Ministerial Information Paper, Federal Minister for Workplace Relations and Small Business,
  7. (1998). Commentary: the distribution of income in industrialized countries’, Income Inequality Issues and Policy Options Symposium:
  8. (1998). Comparing total factor productivity and price performance: concepts and application to Canadian railways’,
  9. Impact of Competition Policy Reforms on Rural and Regional Australia,
  10. (1998). Incomes, standards of living and quality of life: preliminary findings from the Middle Australia Project’
  11. (1993). Living Decently: Material Well-being in Australia,
  12. (1997). Measuring poverty and income inequality in
  13. Microeconomic Reforms and Australian Productivity: Exploring the Links, Commission Research Paper,
  14. (2000). OECD Economic Surveys
  15. (2000). Reference Group on Welfare Reform.
  16. (1999). State of the Nation: Indicators of a Changing Australia, The Centre for Independent Studies, St Leonards,
  17. (2000). The Effects of Wages on Aggregate Employment: A Brief Summary of Empirical Studies, Melbourne Institute Working Paper no. 14/00,
  18. (1999). Unemployment and Skills in Australia, Reserve Bank of Australia Research Discussion Paper,
  19. (2000). Unhappy days are here again’,
  20. (1988). US industry adjustment to economic deregulation’,
  21. (1999). World Development Indicators

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.