Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Embedded collectivism?: workplace representation in France and Germany

By Rebecca Gumbrell-McCormick and Richard Hyman

Abstract

In most countries of western Europe it makes little sense to speak of non-union employee representation, as this is understood in the Anglo-American world, for the principle of collective representation independent of the employer is strongly institutionalised. In this article we examine experience in two countries. In Germany, works councils with a wide repertoire of rights typically work in close partnership with trade unions. The system has experienced strains in recent years, and a growing proportion of mainly smaller workplaces are covered neither by councils nor by collective agreements; but there is virtually no evidence of alternative ‘voice’ mechanisms, and systems of direct participation are normally introduced by negotiation with councils. In France, works committees have fewer powers, and a divided trade union movement has been less successful than its German counterpart in ‘embedding’ the legally mandated institutions, at least in the private sector. Despite some common trends in both countries, national distinctiveness remains very apparent. There is growing scope for managerial strategic choice, but this is still institutionally bounded. Much more generally, countries displaying characteristics of a ‘European social model’ can be expected to sustain a close articulation between union and ‘non-union’ channels of representation

Topics: HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Year: 2006
DOI identifier: 10.1111/j.1468-2338.2006.00416.x
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.lse.ac.uk:750
Provided by: LSE Research Online
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/750/1... (external link)
  • http://www.blackwellpublishing... (external link)
  • http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/750/ (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    Citations

    1. (2003). A b e doi
    2. (2002). A Criti c a l Asses s m e n t of the Theor e t i c a l an d Empir i c a l Resea r c h on Germa n Work s Coun c i l s ’ ,
    3. (2002). A Critical Assessment of the Theoretical and Empirical Research on German Works Councils’, doi
    4. (2006). A Review of Working Conditions in France,
    5. (1999). A Theory of Employment Systems: Micro-foundations of Societal Diversity ( O x f o r d , doi
    6. (1999). A Theory of Employment Systems: Micro-foundations of Societal Diversity (Oxford, doi
    7. (2001). An Intro d u c t i o n to Varie t i e s of capit a l i s m’ ,
    8. (2001). An Introduction to Varieties of capitalism’, doi
    9. (2000). and Darbi s h i r e
    10. (1986). and Mour i a u x, M.-F .
    11. (2005). and WSI-Tarifarchiv (2006), Tarifpolitischer Jahresbericht
    12. (2000). Ando l f a t t o
    13. (1999). B o l t a n s k i , L. and Chiap e l l o, E. doi
    14. (2005). Betr i e b e ohne Betri e b s r a t : We lch e Rolle spiel e n betri e b s s p e z i f i s c h e Forme n der Mitar b e i t e r v e r t r e t u n g ? ’ ,
    15. (2005). Betriebe ohne Betriebsrat: Welche Rolle spielen betriebsspezifische Formen der Mitarbeitervertretung?’,
    16. (1998). Betriebsräte gewinnen Konturen: Ergebnisse einer Betriebsräte-Befragung im
    17. (1981). Betriebsräte und betriebliche Herrschaft: Eine Typologie von Partizipationsmustern im Industriebetrieb
    18. (1994). Betriebsräte und Bürgerstatus: Wandel und Kontinuität betrieblicher Mitbestimmung (Munich and Mering, Rainer Hampp).
    19. (2005). Brou g h t on doi
    20. (1989). Co-D e t e r mi n a t i o n in the Fede r a l Repub l i c of Germa n y : An Appra i s a l of a Secula r Exper i e n c e ’ ,
    21. (1992). Co-de t e r mi n a t i o n : After Four Decade s ’ , in W. Streec k (ed face ation and Cooperation
    22. (1989). Co-Determination in the Federal Republic of Germany: An Appraisal of a Secular Experience’,
    23. (1992). Co-determination: After Four Decades’,
    24. (1986). Comités d’entreprise: Quarante ans après (Noisy-leGrand,
    25. (2005). Cont est e d Bound a r ie s : Ambig u i t y and Creat i v i t y in the Evolu t i o n of Germa n Codete r mi n a t i o n ’ , in W. Streec k and K. Thelen (eds), Beyond Continuity: Institutional Change
    26. (2005). Contested Boundaries: Ambiguity and Creativity in the Evolution of German Codetermination’, doi
    27. (2000). Converging Divergences: Worldwide Changes in Employment Systems (Ithaca, doi
    28. (1997). Coordination of Economic Actors and Social Systems of Production’, doi
    29. (2005). Corporate Governance and Labour Management: An International Comparison’, doi
    30. (2005). D u f o u r
    31. (1995). Dece n t r a l i z a t i o n and Legit i m a c y in Emplo y e e Repre s e n t a t i o n : A Franco-Ger man Co mp ari son’ ,
    32. (1995). Decentralization and Legitimacy in Employee Representation: A Franco-German Comparison’, doi
    33. (1999). Divergent Capitalisms: The Social Structuring and Change of Business Systems doi
    34. (1991). Duales System: Tarifliche und betriebliche Interessenvertretung’,
    35. (2003). e n t s c h doi
    36. (1985). Economic Action and Social Structure: The Problem of Embeddedness’, doi
    37. (2000). Employment Relations in France: Evolution and Innovation doi
    38. (2006). Euro p e a n Foun d a t i o n
    39. (2005). European Comparative Practice in Information and Consultation’,
    40. (2003). Exploring the Boundaries of Co-determination’,
    41. (1995). Farew e l l to labour market asso ci a t i o n s ? ’
    42. (1995). Farewell to labour market associations?’, in C. Crouch and F. Traxler (eds), Organized Industrial Relations in Europe: What Future? doi
    43. (1995). France: From Conflict to Social Dialogue?’,
    44. (2005). French Industrial Relations in the New World doi
    45. (2005). French Industrial Relations in the New World Economy ( L o n d o n, Rout l ed g e ) . doi
    46. (1997). g o t i a t i n g the Germ a n Mode l : Labo r - M a n a g e me n t Rela t i o n s in the New Ger
    47. (1998). Germany: Facing New Challenges’,
    48. (1995). Germany: From Collective Voice to Co-management’,
    49. (1985). Grano v e t t e r doi
    50. (1997). Holl i n g s w o r t h
    51. (2003). Human Resource Management and Co-determination’,
    52. (1988). Industrial Relations and Workers’ Representation at Workplace Level in France’,
    53. (1996). Inst i t u ti o n a l Trans f e r : Indus t r i a l Relat i o n s
    54. (2005). Inst it u t i o n e n im Wande l : Hat die Tarif a u t o n o mi e eine Zukun f t?’ ,
    55. (1996). Institutional Transfer: Industrial Relations in doi
    56. (2005). Institutionen im Wandel: Hat die Tarifautonomie eine Zukunft?’,
    57. (2004). Is Indus t r i a l Relat i o n s Theory Alway s Ethno c en t r i c ? ’ ,
    58. (2004). Is Industrial Relations Theory Always Ethnocentric?’,
    59. (1998). L’entreprise néo-libérale, nouvel utopie capitaliste?
    60. (2002). L’Europe syndicale: La représentation des salariés en France, Allemagne, doi
    61. (2002). L’Europe syndicale: La représentation des salariés en France, Allemagne, Grande-Bretagne et Italie (Brussels, P.I.E.-Peter Lang). doi
    62. (2005). La mise en œuvre des dispositions de la loi du 4 mai 2004 permettant aux entreprises de déroger aux accords de branche. (Rapport pour la Direction des Relations du Travail, Ministère de l’Emploi du Travail et de la Cohésion Sociale).
    63. (2004). La négoc i a t i o n colle c t i v e d’ent r e p r i s e ’ , Liaisons sociales s u p p l e me n t , 30 septe mb e r
    64. (2004). La négociation collective d’entreprise’,
    65. (1998). La question syndicale doi
    66. (2005). Labou r in Frenc h Corpo r a t e Gover n a n c e :
    67. (2005). Labour in French Corporate Governance: The Missing Link’, doi
    68. (1999). Le nouvel esprit du capitalisme doi
    69. (1999). Le syndi c a l i s m e entre parti c i p a t i o n et insti t u tio n n a l i s a t i o n ’ ,
    70. (1999). Le syndicalisme entre participation et institutionnalisation’, in
    71. (1999). Les syndicats en miettes
    72. (1999). Les syndicats en miettes ( P a r i s , Seuil ) .
    73. (2005). Mitbestimmte versus managementbestimmte Globalisierung in der Automobilindustrie (Munich and Mering, Rainer Hampp).
    74. (1998). Mitbestimmung und neue Unternehmenskulturen: Bilanz und Perspektiven
    75. (2005). Model l Deuts c h l a n d under Press u r e :
    76. (2005). Modell Deutschland under Pressure: The Growing Tensions between Works Councils and Trade Unions’, doi
    77. (1995). Müll e r - J e n t s c h doi
    78. (2004). Mythes et réalités de la syndicalisation en France.
    79. (2004). Mythes et réalités de la syndicalisation en France. P a r i s :
    80. (1984). Neo- C o r p o r a t i s t Indus t r i a l Relat i o n s and the Econo mi c Cri si s in West Germa n y ’ ,
    81. (1984). Neo-Corporatist Industrial Relations and the Economic Crisis in West Germany’,
    82. (2000). Nonunion Representation in Germany’,
    83. (1996). Part i c i pa t i o n in France’ , in G. Keste r and H. Pinau d (eds) , Trade Unions and DemocraticParticipation: A Scenario for the Twenty-First Century ( A l d e r s h o t : Avebu ry )
    84. (1996). Participation in France’,
    85. (2005). Pendl e t o n
    86. (2004). Post-enquête Réponse.
    87. (2004). Post-enquête Réponse. ( N o i s y - l e - G r a n d , IRES) .
    88. (2003). Re-assessing Co-determination’, in W. Müller-Jentsch and H. Weitbrecht (eds), The Changing Contours of German Industrial Relations (Munich and Mering, Rainer Hampp),
    89. (1992). Regulating Labor: The State and Industrial Relations Reform in Postwar France doi
    90. (1992). Regulating Labor: The State and Industrial Relations Reform in Postwar France ( P r i n c e t o n , Princ e t o n UP). doi
    91. (1997). Renegotiating the German Model: Labor-Management Relations in the New Germany’,
    92. (2005). Resyndicalisation ou changement de paradigme?
    93. (1998). Rosa n v a l l o n doi
    94. (1988). S e g u i n , S, doi
    95. (2000). Schna b e l
    96. (1999). Social Partnership at Work: Workplace Relations doi
    97. (1999). Social Partnership at Work: Workplace Relations in Post-unification Germany doi
    98. (2000). Sociologie des syndicats. doi
    99. (2005). Sta tu t o ry Info r ma t i o n Disc l o s u r e for Cons u l tat i o n and Bargain i n g
    100. (2005). Statutory Information Disclosure for Consultation and Bargaining in Germany, France and the UK’,
    101. (2000). Stock-Market Capitalism, Welfare Capitalism: Japan and Germany versus the Anglo-Saxons doi
    102. (2000). Stock-Market Capitalism, Welfare Capitalism: Japan and Germany versus the Anglo-Saxons (Oxfor d , doi
    103. (1996). Syndicats et syndiqués en France depuis
    104. (1996). Syndicats et syndiqués en France depuis 1945 ( P ar i s , L’ Harm a t t a n ) .
    105. (2005). Syndicats: Lendemains de crise? doi
    106. (2005). Tarifbindung und betriebliche Interessenvertretung: Aktuelle Ergebnisse aus dem IAB-Betriebspanel’,
    107. (1995). Tchob a n i a n
    108. (2003). The Cru mb l i n g Pilla r s of Socia l Partn e r s h i p ’ ,
    109. (2003). The Crumbling Pillars of Social Partnership’, doi
    110. (2004). The Embedded Corporation: Corporate Governance and Employment Relations doi
    111. (1999). The Erosi o n of the Ge rma n Sy ste m of Indus t r i a l Relat i o n s ’ ,
    112. (1999). The Erosion of the German System of Industrial Relations’, doi
    113. (1944). The Great Transformation doi
    114. (2004). The Rise of Exper i men t a l i s m in Germa n Colle c t i v e Barga i n i n g ’ ,
    115. (2004). The Rise of Experimentalism in German Collective Bargaining’, doi
    116. (1991). Trinc z e k
    117. (1991). Union of Parts: Labor Politics in Postwar Germany doi
    118. (1991). Union of Parts: Labor Politics in Postwar Germany (Ithac a , Corne l l UP).
    119. (1981). Vertrauensleute: Arbeitervertretung im Betrieb
    120. (1997). Vom Interessenkonflikt zur Kultur der Rationalität:
    121. (1997). Vom Interessenkonflikt zur Kultur der Rationalität: Neue Handlungsbeziehungen zwischen Management und Betriebsrat (Munich and Mering, Rainer Hampp).
    122. (2003). Weitb r e c h t , H
    123. (2005). Works Councils: Workplace Representation and Participation Structures
    124. (2005). Works Councils: Workplace Representation and Participation Structures ( D u b l i n , Europ e a n Foun d a ti o n ) . C o u t r o t
    125. (2006). WSI-T a r i f a r c h i v

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.