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Critical fluctuations of the proton density in A+A collisions at $158A$ GeV

By T. Anticic, B. Baatar, D. Barna, J. Bartke, J. Beck, L. Betev, H. Białkowska, C. Blume, M. Bogusz, B. Boimska, J. Book, M. Botje, P. Bunčić, T. Cetner, P. Christakoglou, P. Chung, O. Chvala, J. Cramer, V. Eckardt, Z. Fodor, P. Foka, V. Friese, M. Gaździcki, K. Grebieszkow, C. Höhne, K. Kadija, A. Karev, V. I. Kolesnikov, M. Kowalski, D. Kresan, A. Laszlo, R. Lacey, M. van Leeuwen, M. Maćkowiak-Pawłowska, M. Makariev, A. I. Malakhov, M. Mateev, G. L. Melkumov, M. Mitrovski, St. Mrówczyński, G. Pálla, A. D. Panagiotou, W. Peryt, J. Pluta, D. Prindle, F. Pühlhofer, R. Renfordt, C. Roland, G. Roland, A. Rustamov, M. Rybczyński, A. Rybicki, A. Sandoval, N. Schmitz, T. Schuster, P. Seyboth, F. Siklér, E. Skrzypczak, M. Slodkowski, G. Stefanek, R. Stock, H. Ströbele, T. Susa, M. Szuba, D. Varga, M. Vassiliou, G. I. Veres, G. Vesztergombi, D. Vranić, Z. Włodarczyk, A. Wojtaszek-Szwarć, N. G. Antoniou, N. Davis and F. K. Diakonos


We look for fluctuations expected for the QCD critical point using an intermittency analysis in the transverse momentum phase space of protons produced around midrapidity in the 12.5\% most central C+C, Si+Si and Pb+Pb collisions at the maximum SPS energy of 158$A$~GeV. We find evidence of power-law fluctuations for the Si+Si data. The fitted power-law exponent $\phi_{2} = 0.96^{+0.38}_{-0.25}\text{ (stat.)}$ $\pm 0.16\text{ (syst.)}$ is consistent with the va\-lue expected for critical fluctuations. Power-law fluctuations had previously also been observed in low-mass $\pi^+ \pi^-$ pairs in the same Si+Si collisions.Comment: 16 pages, 7 figure

Topics: Nuclear Experiment, High Energy Physics - Experiment, High Energy Physics - Phenomenology
Year: 2015
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