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Numerical study of incommensurability of the spiral state on spin-1/2 spatially anisotropic triangular antiferromagnets using entanglement renormalization

By Kenji Harada

Abstract

The ground state of an S=1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model on a spatially anisotropic triangular lattice, which is an effective model of Mott insulators on a triangular layer of organic charge transfer salts or Cs2CuCl4, is numerically studied. We apply a numerical variational method by using a tensor network with entanglement renormalization, which improves the capability of describing a quantum state. Magnetic ground states are identified for 0.7 <= J2/J1 <= 1 in the thermodynamic limit, where J1 and J2 denote the inner-chain and inter-chain coupling constants, respectively. Except for the isotropic case (J1=J2), the magnetic structure is spiral with an incommensurate wave vector that is different from the classical one. The quantum fluctuation weakens the effective coupling between chains, but the magnetic order remains in the thermodynamic limit. In addition, the incommensurate wave number is in good agreement with that of the series expansion method.Comment: 10 pages, 14 figures (printed version

Topics: Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons
Year: 2012
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevB.86.184421
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1208.4306

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