A Comparative Overview of Educational and Employment Policies in Croatia

Abstract

Ova podnacionalna komparacija vrsta je studije slučaja koja uspoređuje instrumente javnih politika, konkretno politiku zapošljavanja te obrazovnu politiku na razini Republike Hrvatske. U radu su korištena dva već dobro poznata teorijska koncepta s područja javnih politika, a to su Lowijeva tipologija te „NATO“ shema autora C. Hooda. Potonja je bila i temelj prema kojemu je rađena analiza, tako što su se Vladini dokumenti kvalitativnom analizom kodirali prema kategorijama „NATO“ sheme. Na isti način analizirana su i dva intervjua sa stručnjacima iz dviju navedenih politika. Krajnji rezultat istraživanja daje okvirne podatke o zastupljenosti instrumenata javnih politika u obrazovnoj te politici zapošljavanja Republike Hrvatske. Kombiniranjem Lowijeve tipologije i ovih rezultata dolazimo do zaključka kako se u politici zapošljavanja najčešće koriste instrumenti informacije, a u politici obrazovanja riječ je o instrumentima ovlasti, što se ne poklapa s pretpostavkom da će najčešće korišteni instrumenti biti oni iz skupine organizacije. U usporedbi s europskim trendovima u stvaranju javnih politika, prema rezultatima ovog istraživanja, Hrvatska se kreće u drugom smjeru, barem ako je suditi prema odabiru instrumenata ovih politika. Kako su upravo ova dva područja od bitnijih za daljnji rast i razvoj države, ostaje vidjeti hoće li nas „krivi“ odabiri odvesti u dobrom smjeru. No svakako bi ovo istraživanje svojim saznanjima moglo poslužiti kao svojevrsna početna točka za dublje analize instrumenata hrvatskih javnih politika.This subnational comparative analysis compares two public policies in the Republic of Croatia – the educational and the employment policy. This research uses two very well-known theoretical public policy concepts: Lowi’s public policy typology and the NATO scheme by C. Hood. The latter was also the basis for the analysis, so that government documents were coded using qualitative analysis according to the categories of the NATO scheme. Two interviews conducted with experts on the two policies mentioned were analysed in the same way. The final result of the research provides a framework for the representation of public policy instruments in the educational and employment policies of the Republic of Croatia. By combining the Lowi typology and these results we reach the conclusion that employment instruments are the most commonly used information tools, which are in the education policy tools of authority, which does not coincide with the assumption that the most commonly used instruments are those in the area of organization. Compared to European trends in policy making, according to the results of this research, Croatia is moving in the wrong direction, if judged by the choice of instruments in these policies. As these are two of the more important areas for further growth and development of the country, it remains to be seen whether "wrong" choices will take us in the right direction. But surely this research and its findings could serve as a starting point for a deeper analysis of the instruments of Croatian public policies

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