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Automatic Camera Calibration Using Active Displays of a Virtual Pattern

By Lei Tan, Yaonan Wang, Hongshan Yu and Jiang Zhu


Camera calibration plays a critical role in 3D computer vision tasks. The most commonly used calibration method utilizes a planar checkerboard and can be done nearly fully automatically. However, it requires the user to move either the camera or the checkerboard during the capture step. This manual operation is time consuming and makes the calibration results unstable. In order to solve the above problems caused by manual operation, this paper presents a full-automatic camera calibration method using a virtual pattern instead of a physical one. The virtual pattern is actively transformed and displayed on a screen so that the control points of the pattern can be uniformly observed in the camera view. The proposed method estimates the camera parameters from point correspondences between 2D image points and the virtual pattern. The camera and the screen are fixed during the whole process; therefore, the proposed method does not require any manual operations. Performance of the proposed method is evaluated through experiments on both synthetic and real data. Experimental results show that the proposed method can achieve stable results and its accuracy is comparable to the standard method by Zhang

Topics: camera calibration, 2D pattern, active display, lens distortion, closed-form solution, maximum likelihood estimation, Chemical technology, TP1-1185
Publisher: MDPI AG
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.3390/s17040685
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