Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Decrease in early right alpha band phase synchronization and late gamma band oscillations in processing syntax in music

By Maria Herrojo Ruiz, Stefan Koelsch and Joydeep Bhattacharya

Abstract

The present study investigated the neural correlates associated with the processing of music-syntactical irregularities as compared with regular syntactic structures in music. Previous studies reported an early ( approximately 200 ms) right anterior negative component (ERAN) by traditional event-related-potential analysis during music-syntactical irregularities, yet little is known about the underlying oscillatory and synchronization properties of brain responses which are supposed to play a crucial role in general cognition including music perception. First we showed that the ERAN was primarily represented by low frequency (<8 Hz) brain oscillations. Further, we found that music-syntactical irregularities as compared with music-syntactical regularities, were associated with (i) an early decrease in the alpha band (9-10 Hz) phase synchronization between right fronto-central and left temporal brain regions, and (ii) a late ( approximately 500 ms) decrease in gamma band (38-50 Hz) oscillations over fronto-central brain regions. These results indicate a weaker degree of long-range integration when the musical expectancy is violated. In summary, our results reveal neural mechanisms of music-syntactic processing that operate at different levels of cortical integration, ranging from early decrease in long-range alpha phase synchronization to late local gamma oscillations

Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.gold.ac.uk:4222

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2002b): Effects of musical expertise on the early right anterior negativity: An event-related brain potential study.
  2. (1992). A comparison of certain gamma band (40 Hz) brain rhythm in cat and man.
  3. (1999). A marker for differentiation of capabilities for processing of musical harmonies as detected by magnetoencephalography in musicians.
  4. (1995). A stepwise resampling method of multiple hypothesis testing.
  5. (1999). A Wavelet Tour of Signal Processing.
  6. (2003). Activation of the inferior frontal cortex in musical priming.
  7. (2004). An approach to multivariate phase synchronization analysis and its application to event-related potentials.
  8. (1997). An exploratory study of musical emotions and psychophysiology.
  9. (1992). Attention and Brain Function.
  10. (1998). Auditory-induced 40-Hz activity during a frequency discrimination task. Neuroimage 7:S370.
  11. (2004). Beta oscillations in a large-scale sensorimotor cortical network: directional influences revealed by Granger causality.
  12. Bragin A (2007): Analysis of dynamic brain oscillations: Methodological advances.
  13. (2001). Brain function, nonlinear coupling, and neuronal transients.
  14. (2000). Brain indices of music processing: ‘‘Non-musicians’’ are musical.
  15. (2006). Brain potentials to mathematical syntax problems.
  16. (2006). Cerebral networks for spontaneous and synchronized singing and speaking.
  17. (2006). Cognitive priming and instrumental music: Activation of inferior fronztal cortex.
  18. (1988). Common reference coherence data are confounded by power and phase effects.
  19. (2001). Cortical coordination dynamics and cognition.
  20. Daffertshofer A (2007): Phase lag index: Assessment of functional connectivity from multi channel EEG and MEG with diminished bias from common sources.
  21. (2005). Dangerous phase.
  22. (2005). Detection of early cognitive processing by event-related phase synchronization analysis.
  23. (1998). Detection of n : m phase locking from noisy data: Application to magnetoencephalography. Phys Rev Lett 81:3291–3294.
  24. (2000). Different frequencies for different scales of cortical integration: From local gamma to long range alpha/theta synchronization.
  25. (2002). Dynamic brain sources of visual evoked responses.
  26. (2001). Dynamic predictions: Oscillations and synchrony in top-down processing.
  27. (1999). EEG coherency II: experimental comparisons of multiple measures.
  28. (1997). EEG coherency. I. Statistics, reference electrode, volume conduction, Laplacians, cortical imaging, and interpretation at multiple scales. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 103:499–515.
  29. (2005). EEG phase synchrony differences across visual perception conditions may depend on recording and analysis methods.
  30. (2005). EEG phase synchrony differences across visual perception conditions may depend on recording and analysis methods. Clin Neurophysiol 116:172–189. r Herrojo Ruiz et al. r r r
  31. (1980). EEG-Brain Dynamics: Relation Between EEG and Brain Evoked Potentials.
  32. (2004). EEGLAB: An open source toolbox for analysis of single-trial EEG dynamics including independent component analysis.
  33. (2005). Effects of attention on the neural processing of harmonic syntax in Western music.
  34. (2007). Eigenvalue decomposition as a generalized synchronization cluster analysis.
  35. (1999). Electrophysiological evidence for two steps in syntactic analysis. Early automatic and late controlled processes.
  36. (1956). Emotion and Meaning in Music.
  37. (1999). Emotional responses to pleasant and unpleasant music correlate with activity in paralimbic brain regions.
  38. Engel AK (2004a): Cognitive functions of gamma-band activity: Memory match and utilization. Trends Cogn Sci 8:347–355.
  39. (2005). Event-related potentials suggest early interaction between syntax and semantics during on-line sentence comprehension.
  40. (1999). Event-related potentials: Methodology and quantification.
  41. (2004). Fractionating language comprehension via frequency characteristics of the human EEG.
  42. Friederici AD (2002c): Bach speaks: A cortical ‘‘language-network’’ serves the processing of music.
  43. (2001). Gamma, alpha, delta, and theta oscillations govern cognitive processes.
  44. (1999). Hahne A
  45. (1997). High-frequency brain activity: Its possible role in attention, perception and language processing. Prog Neurobiol 52:427–445.
  46. (2000). Implicit learning of tonality: A self-organizing approach. Psychol Rev 107:885–913.
  47. (2006). It’s early: Event-related potential evidence for initial interaction of syntax and prosody in speech comprehension.
  48. (2003). Language, music, syntax and the brain.
  49. (1995). Large-scale cortical networks and cognition.
  50. (2002). Listening to polyphonic music recruits domain-general attention and working memory circuits.
  51. (1998). Magnetoencephalographic recordings demonstrate attentional modulation of mismatch-related neural activity in human auditory cortex.
  52. (1987). Mapping of scalp potentials by surface spline interpolation. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 66:75–81.
  53. (1999). Measuring phase synchrony in brain signals. Human Brain Mapp 8:194–208.
  54. (1996). Mecklinger A
  55. (2007). Modulation of neuronal interactions through neuronal synchronization.
  56. (2006). Morphometry of the amusic brain: A two-site study.
  57. (2006). Music and the brain: Disorders of musical listening.
  58. (2001). Musical syntax is processed in Broca’s area:
  59. (2001). Musical syntax is processed in Broca’s area: An MEG study.
  60. (1995). Neocortical dynamics and human EEG rhythms.
  61. (1994). Neural mechanisms underlying melodic perception and memory for pitch.
  62. (2005). Neural substrates of processing syntax and semantics in music.
  63. (1999). Neuronal synchrony: A versatile code for the definition of relations?
  64. (2005). Nonlinear multivariate analysis of neurophysiological signals.
  65. (1999). Oscillatory gamma activity in humans and its role in object representation.
  66. (1997). Oscillatory gamma-band (30–70 Hz) activity induced by a visual search task in humans.
  67. (1999). Perception’s shadow: Long-distance synchronization of human brain activity.
  68. (1994). Permutation Tests: A Practical Guide to Resampling Methods for Testing Hypothesis.
  69. (2005). Permutation, Parametric, and Bootstrap Tests of Hypotheses.
  70. (2004). Phase Synchronization Analysis of Event-related Brain Potentials in Language Processing.
  71. (2005). Phase synchronization measurements using electroencephalographic recordings: What can we really say about neuronal synchrony?
  72. (1988). Pitch perception of complex tones and human temporal-lobe function.
  73. (2006). Posterior alpha activity is not phasereset by visual stimuli.
  74. (1991). Pre-stimulus spectral EEG patterns and the visual evoked response. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 80:16–20.
  75. (2001). Preattentive extraction of abstract feature conjunctions from auditory stimulation as reflected by the mismatch negativity (MMN). Psychophysiology 38:359–365.
  76. (2003). Prefrontal cortex involvement in preattentive auditory deviance detection: Neuroimaging and electrophysiological evidence.
  77. (1998). Processing syntactic relations in language and music: An eventrelated potential study.
  78. (2003). Processing tonal modulations: An ERP study.
  79. r Oscillations and Synchronization in Musical Syntax r r 1223 rMakeig
  80. (2001). r r 1222 rEngel AK, Singer W
  81. (2001). r r 1224 rVarela F, Lachaux JP,
  82. (1989). Reading and understanding continuous wavelet transforms.
  83. (2001). Reduced degree of long-range phase synchrony in pathological human brain.
  84. (2003). Reset of human neocortical oscillations during a working memory task.
  85. (1991). Role of the right temporal neocortex in retention of pitch in auditory short-term memory. doi
  86. Rottger S (2004b): Phase-locking and amplitude modulations of EEG alpha: Two measures reflect different cognitive processes in a working memory task. Exp Psychol 51:311–318.
  87. (1992). Rougeul A
  88. Sammler D (2005a): Interaction between syntax processing in language and in music:
  89. (1988). Scalp current density fields: Concept and properties.
  90. Schlaug G (2005b): Adults and children processing music: An fMRI study.
  91. (1969). Scho ¨nberg A
  92. (2008). Short-term effects of processing musical syntax: An ERP study.
  93. (1998). Spatial filtering and neocortical dynamics: Estimates of EEG coherence.
  94. (1993). Spectral analysis of the EEG as a tool for evaluating expectancy violations of musical contexts. Music Percept 10:281–304.
  95. (1989). Spherical splines for scalp potential and current density mapping. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 72:184–187.
  96. (2004). Statistical method for detection of phase-locking episodes in neural oscillations.
  97. (2003). Synchronous neural oscillations and cognitive processes. Trends Cogn Sci 7:553–559.
  98. (2001). Syntactic, prosodic, and semantic processes in the brain: Evidence from event-related neuroimaging.
  99. TC (2002a): Music matters: Preattentive musicality of the human brain. Psychophysiology 39:38–48.
  100. (2007). The best of both worlds: Phase-reset of human EEG alpha activity and additive power contribute to ERP generation.
  101. (2001). The brainweb: Phase synchronization and large-scale integration.
  102. (2006). The cognitive correlates of human brain oscillations.
  103. (1998). The functional significance of absolute power with respect to event-related desynchronization.
  104. (2002). The planum temporale as a computational hub.
  105. (1997). The possible meaning of the upper and lower alpha frequency ranges for cognitive and creative tasks.
  106. (1997). The structural components of music perception—A functional anatomical study.
  107. (1997). Time course of human 40 Hz EEC activity accompanying P3 responses in an auditory oddball task.
  108. (2001). Tonal cognition.
  109. (2000). Top-down processing mediated by interareal synchronization. In:
  110. (2003). Toward the neural basis of processing structure in music. Comparative results of different neurophysiological investigation methods.
  111. (2002). Towards a neural basis of auditory sentence processing.
  112. (2005). Towards a neural basis of music perception.
  113. (1995). Towards an anatomical and functional model of number processing.
  114. (2005). Tree-based versus distance-based key recognition in musical audio. Soft Comput 9:565–574.
  115. (2007). Untangling syntactic and sensory processing: An ERP study of music perception.
  116. (2007). What’s that sound? Matches with auditory long-term memory induce gamma activity in human EEG.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.